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Protecting your inventions > Joana Eugénio - INPI

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Protecting your inventions
Joana Eugénio - INPI

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Protecting your inventions > Joana Eugénio - INPI

  1. 1. Presented by: ProtectingJoana Eugénio yourPatent Examiner inventions Porto, September 3th, 2011
  2. 2. Agenda1. INPI2. Intellectual and Industrial Property3. IP rights4. Patent system5. Protection of Inventions6. Provisional patent application7. Using Patents as a Strategy 2
  3. 3. INPICreated in 1976 to promote the industrialproperty systemResponsible for granting and protectingindustrial property rights in PortugalPromotes the industrial property system andstimulates innovationProvides training in the IP area National Institute of Industrial Property 3
  4. 4. INPI: IP training and promotion 4
  5. 5. Industrial Property Intelectual Property INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY COPYRIGHT Patents  Literature  Music Utility Models  Photography Trademarks  Paintings Designs  … 5
  6. 6. Trademarks 6
  7. 7. Designs 7
  8. 8. PatentsWhat is an Invention? 8
  9. 9. What is an Invention? INVENTIONNew solution to a specific technical problem 9
  10. 10. Protection of Inventions Product INVENTION Process Use Protection by Patent Utility Model Maximum lifetime: 20 yrs Maximum lifetime: 6+2+2 yrs 10
  11. 11. Protecting Inventions What is a Patent/Utility Model? Grants the legal right (territorial in nature) to prevent othersfrom exploiting the invention – importing, manufacturing, selling,etc – negative right; Exclusive right granted in exchange for a complete disclosureof the invention to the public; When the patent or UM ceases to be in force, the inventionbecomes available for use. 11
  12. 12. Protecting InventionsHow does the patent system work? Promotes innovation through economic reward; Contributes to the disclosure of new techniques to the generalpublic, increasing global knowledge; Allows the improvement of previously known solutions. 12
  13. 13. Protecting Inventions What can you Protect? 13
  14. 14. Protecting InventionsUSA “Everything under the sun that is made by man...” (US Supreme Court – Diamond vs Chakrabarty)‫‏‬PT and EuropeAn invention must: Be technical in nature (ex.: product, device, process) Have Novelty; Inventive Step; Industrial Application; 14
  15. 15. Protecting Inventions Patentability criteria NoveltyThe invention is not comprised in the state of the art. Inventive Step The invention is not obvious departing from the existing state of the art in the same field.Industrial applicationThe invention can be manufactured or otherwise used in an industrialactivity. 15
  16. 16. Discovery vs Invention DISCOVERY INVENTION + = Discovery‫‏‬of‫‏‬HPV‫‏‬and‫‏‬it’s‫‏‬genome HPV’s‫‏‬vaccine Non-patentable Patentable!INVENTION: technical; the technical teaching can be reproduced by anyone.DISCOVERY: cognitive (discovery of a new plant, animal, gene, …) 16
  17. 17. Protecting Inventions What cant you Protect? 17
  18. 18. Non patentable matter Exclusions Exceptions (Art. 52.º CPI)‫‏‬ (Art. 53.º CPI)‫‏‬Discoveries, scientific theories and Inventions contrary to the public mathematical methods order Human cloning processes Computer programs Modifications of the germ line Business methods genetic identity of humans Aesthetic creations Animal or vegetable varieties Presentations of information Treatment or diagnostic methods 18
  19. 19. Protection options National European International Munich ConventionIndustrial Property Patent Cooperation Treaty 1973.10.05 Code (CPI)‫‏‬ ; PCT - 19.07.1970 (European Patent (Maintained by WIPO) Convention - EPC)‫‏‬ 19
  20. 20. National Patent Application WORKFLOW – Regular applicationApplication 18M Publication Grant or refusal Formal Opposition Examination Examination Search Report 2M 1M 1M Provisional Patent Application‫‏‬ 18M Formal Opposition Examination Search Report Examination S.R. 2M 1M 12M 1M‫‏‬Provisional Grant or refusal Conversion PublicationApplication 20
  21. 21. National Patent ApplicationWho? Any person irrespective of the country of origin or residence.Where? Online / INPI / Mail / FaxHow? Regular Application Lack of time  Description Provisional  Claims Lack of financial patent resources  Drawings application  Abstract Pressure to publish 21
  22. 22. Provisional Patent Application Impact on research DraftSubmission of the paper Provisional Patent Application PPP allows the researcher to: publish without submitting a regular patent application; leave the translation to a later time; avoid previous disclosure problems. 22
  23. 23. Using Patents as a Strategy TECHNOLOGY MAPPING PRE-DIAGNOSIS New product available, produced by INPI for the qualitative analysis of patents; Provides an overview of patenting in the technical area of the invention; Results shown in the form of graphics/tables and report; Useful tool in the management of IP and innovation; Essential for development strategies and internationalization; Basis for finding new partners for future commercialization of the technology. 23
  24. 24. Using Patents as a StrategyCONTENT WHO? Anyone Total number of publications in the technical area (regional and global) Top 5 Applicants (Regional and global); HOW MUCH? Top 10 countries (regional and global); 200 Euros Top inventors (Regional and global); Evolution of publications by applicant; WHEN? ThemeScape Map; Any time Identification of domestic applicants with national publications, european and international; HOW LONG? Citations tree for the closest prior-art. 2 months after request 24
  25. 25. The importance of IPINDIVIDUAL LEVEL (Company, University): MACROECONOMIC LEVEL: Allows protection against counterfeiting: Permanent technological updating;• ASAE or GNR. Dissemination of new techniques to the public; Allows licensing: Stimulates creativity, the development of• Contract between the rights holder and the alternative solutions and improvements tolicensee; inventions already disclosed;• Types of licenses: territorial, with restrictions Development and economic growth;on sale, franchising, etc. Competitive markets; Introduction of new technology on the market by providing time for the business organization. 25
  26. 26. Famous Patents 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. QUESTIONS???Thank you for your attention! INPI Contacts INSTITUTO NACIONAL DA PROPRIEDADE INDUSTRIAL Campo das Cebolas 1149-035 Lisboa Informations: 808 200 689 / website: www.inpi.pt Tel: (+351) 218 818 100 / Fax: (+351) 218 869 859 Personal Contacts DEPARTAMENTO DE PATENTES E MODELOS DE UTILIDADE Joana Eugénio Email: jeugenio@inpi.pt 28