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Nursing Literature Search & Review

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Nursing Literature Search & Review

  1. 1. Literature Review By Satish S Munnolli ACTREC
  2. 2. Vast majority of nurse researchers do not publish in traditional ‘scientific’ journals and would probably see themselves as primarily social scientists
  3. 3. Never start with this !
  4. 4. Literature Review <ul><li>What and why of LR ? </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Information & sources for LR ? </li></ul><ul><li>Online sources </li></ul><ul><li>Major sources for Nursing Research </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for maintaining bibliography </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Literature Review ? <ul><li>Review of literature is a broad, comprehensive in depth, systematic and critical review of scholarly publications, including unpublished scholarly print materials, audiovisuals and personal communications . </li></ul><ul><li> Source: Nursing Research, by Basavanthappa, Jaypee, 2007, P -92 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Literature Review <ul><li>It is important to begin your research with a comprehensive search of the literature – that is, an attempt to find absolutely everything that is related to your topic . </li></ul><ul><li>It is a standard part of any postgraduate’s endeavors, and usually makes up the majority of your first year or two . </li></ul><ul><li>A good review sets up the landscape that you’re going to work within, saving you from duplicating effort and allowing you to identify the key players in your field. Its’ a head start on the first chunk of your thesis. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Literature Review ? <ul><li>To determine how well theory and research are developed in the past studies </li></ul><ul><li>To define the concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Identify studies reported by others </li></ul><ul><li>To examine research designs, methods, scales, instruments, measures and techniques and analysis used by others </li></ul><ul><li>To determine what is known and not known about the subject </li></ul><ul><li>To generate useful research questions for the discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the existing literature and how it relates /supports/contradicts your topic </li></ul><ul><li>Place and justify your research within the discipline/s </li></ul><ul><li>Identify guidelines to use in writing the research report </li></ul>
  8. 8. The process of Literature Review
  9. 9. Type of Information & sources <ul><li>Theoretical or conceptual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- concept analysis, models, theories – books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Empirical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- knowledge derived from research – journals, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>thesis, dissertations. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Where to find nursing literature <ul><li>Search the web (not always recommended) </li></ul><ul><li>Search your personal collection (inefficient, incomplete) </li></ul><ul><li>Search library resources (mysterious) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Where to find nursing literature ? <ul><li>Search the web (not always recommended) </li></ul><ul><li>Search your personal collection (inefficient, incomplete) </li></ul><ul><li>Search library resources (mysterious) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the information ? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Information is available in <ul><li>Unsystematically some is on the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Systematically aggregated - in Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Systematically accessed - by information databases </li></ul>
  13. 13. Information is available in <ul><li>Unsystematically some is on the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Systematically aggregated - in Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Systematically accessed - by information databases </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the sources ? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sources for Literature Review <ul><li>Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracts </li></ul><ul><li>Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedias </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Government legislations </li></ul><ul><li>Internet resources and sites </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Handbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedias </li></ul>
  15. 15. Favorite databases for nursing literature <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medline/PubMed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HighWire Press </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ScienceDirect </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CINAHL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mosby’s Nursing Index </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health Source/Nursing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PsycINFO </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health Reference Center </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. PubMed
  17. 17. HighWire Press
  18. 18. Google Scholar
  19. 19. ScienceDirect
  20. 20. CINAHL
  21. 21. Mosby’s Nursing Index
  22. 22. PsycINFO
  23. 23. Create a structured query <ul><li>The type of patient you are studying </li></ul><ul><li>Condition or situation your working in </li></ul><ul><li>Type of intervention or nursing procedure </li></ul><ul><li>How many years you want to go back for literature search </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical specificity </li></ul><ul><li>Research articles </li></ul><ul><li>Review articles </li></ul><ul><li>Commentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul>
  24. 24. A sample query <ul><li>Statistical methods for nursing research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let us search Google Scholar and PubMed </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Search results in Google
  26. 26. Search results in Google using “ apostrophe ”
  27. 27. Search results in Google Scholar
  28. 28. Advanced Scholar Search
  29. 29. Search results in PubMed
  30. 30. Search results in PubMed by using MeSH database
  31. 31. A sample of literature review
  32. 32. A sample of literature review
  33. 33. Tools for managing bibliography <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EndNote </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ProCite </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reference Manager </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Techniques to identify most relevant Literature <ul><li>1 st page gives most relevant results </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Related articles ’ appeared next to records </li></ul><ul><li>References at the bottom of any relevant research paper gives good number of articles </li></ul>
  35. 35. Further Reading <ul><li>The literature Review URL:http://www.deakin.edu.au/library/findout/research/litrev.php </li></ul><ul><li>Review of literature URL:http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/ReviewofLiterature.html </li></ul><ul><li>The Literature Review: Few Tips On Conducting It URL:http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/litrev.html </li></ul><ul><li>Using The Literature Review URL:http://www.languages.ait.ac.th/EL21LIT.HTM </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Literature Review URL:http://www.monash.edu.au/lls/llonline/writing/general/lit-reviews/index.xml </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting a Literature Review URL:http://www.lib.unimelb.edu.au/postgrad/litreview/gettingstarted.html </li></ul><ul><li>WRITING RESEARCH THESES OR DISSERTATIONS URL:http://lorien.ncl.ac.uk/ming/Dept/Tips/writing/thesis/thesis-review.htm </li></ul><ul><li>How to write a literature review URL:http://www.ssdd.uce.ac.uk/learner/New%20page.htm </li></ul><ul><li>The Literature Review URL:http://www.usq.edu.au/library/help/postgrad/litreview.htm </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li> Thank Q </li></ul>

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