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Integrated work spaces

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Recently, workplace performance has received much attention, as more people have recognized that it directly affects work productivity and effectiveness. Workplace performance is a measure of the effectiveness of a workplace in meeting the occupant’s needs. The space is designed as per the work groups, activities and the type of projects. The designed workspace should be economically viable, intelligently planned and follow the sustainable principles

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Integrated work spaces

  1. 1. Integrated work spacesAuthor-Ar. Suvarna Lele
  2. 2. Integrated work spaces Author-Ar. Suvarna LeleOrganizational structures are changing due to globalization, technology, information, innovation,creativity, sustainability and change in management. The effectiveness of an organization is measuredon utilization of available space to achieve its goal. In order to remain competitive companies need tochange the way they are organized.Workplace performance is a measure of the effectiveness of a workplace in meeting the occupant’sneeds. The primary goals of an effective work space fulfills both aesthetical and strategic needs whichinclude minimization of the cost, provision of good ergonomics, support collaborator and effectivework process. The most important goal seems to be to retaining and attracting the employees.The three major developments in work patterns today that influence the work space planning are-1) The work is based more on information and it is becoming more abstract.2) Frequent rearrangements of the teams are necessary as per the requirements of the organization.3) Business carried more through electronic Medias as computers, telephones, video conferencing ormobiles; hence the requirement of physical space is lessening.The space is designed as per the work groups, activities and the type of projects. The designedworkspace needs to be economically viable, intelligently planned and follow the sustainable principles.Significance and characteristics of an effective workspace:Integrated work space is development of a strategic physical plan to achieve the organizations businessgoals. Today, huge companies are involved in designing these work spaces .Their services includeservices as concept development, work place design, documentation of interior design guidelines,
  3. 3. furniture and filling selection, design of specialist joinery, furniture construction management and sitesupervision. An efficiently designed workplace that is also comfortable and technologically advanced enables toincrease the productivity of an individual as well as a group.The adaptability and interchangeability depends on specific design of the workplace. The workplaceneeds to be flexible enough to maximize its usage along with the satisfaction and productivity of a user.The designed workspaces also need to be applicable worldwide and independent, adhering to thespecific type of work.Quality of work space directly affects the performance and psychology of the people which is affectedby appropriate planning, colours and furniture, daylight and indoor air quality.Elil-Lilly- DCOE,Australia providing and optimal work environment with a pleasing ambienceThe economy also plays a major part in process planning as an interior expenditure should be incoherence with the life cycle cost. The technological accommodation should support all electronicequipments such as computers, telephones, faxes, printing machines and other tools needed presentlybut might not be necessary in future.Aesthetics and the ambience reflect the image of the organization which should be pleasing as well assoothing. Francis Daffy in his book New office describes the modern work space as mobile and flexiblewith varied work setting and modern furniture.Architectural module is the basic measure of spatial plan, lighting plan, and mechanical plan;essentially, it is the most fundamental planning factor in workplace design.Spatial Planning:Spatial planning depends on the type of tasks performed by the organization and their interrelationship. Workplace planner needs to integrate the various component and factors required forspatial planning. The planning models for today’s business world need to be flat, fast and flexible.According to the results of recent survey carried out by a Korean team for their offices, the mostcommonly used module used in space planning is 3mx3m (modular co-ordination), a thumb rule that isapplied world over. In domestic buildings, the architectural modules of multiples of 3 such as 1.5 1.8,2.7, 3, and 3.9m are mainly applied, following the standards. The design of systems needs to maximizethe personal comforts of an individual. The spatial performance is mainly influenced by architecturalmodules and workstation layout. The spaces can be categorized into typologies as per their workpatterns such as fixed workers, flexible workers, free workers, leadership workers, administrative headsand directors. The spaces occupied by these people can be calculated as per their positions and thetime they occupy their work space. The other spaces considered can be collaborative spaces, meetingrooms, kitchen facilities and storage spaces.
  4. 4. Significance of Modular furniture in modern office space design:Modular furniture systems can provide considerable amenities within the small spaces. The sharedspaces can be easily accommodated and lot of a space is saved due to their configurations. Businessesneed to apply that flexibility in layout of their offices. One of the easiest ways to accomplish this levelof flexibility in your office space is through the use of modular office furniture. The thing that makesmodular office furniture so valuable is that it’s modular. The word Modular means is that it can bebroken apart and then reassembled back to a number of different variations. This means that you canreconfigure your entire office space whenever you feel appropriate.Some of the leading names in manufacture of modular furniture are Herman Miller, Technion, ,Steelcase in International brands and Godrej, Wipro, Tangent, Prism, Mobler, Rolex in Indian along witha few more.Modular furniture by Technion Enterprise- a leading international designer, manufacturer and marketer of mid- to high-end office systemsEnvironmental planning – A productive workplace fulfills the environmental requirements of a space.An effective workplace allows the worker to adjust comfortably to thermal, lighting and acousticsystem with effective use of atmospheric factors. A perfect co-ordination should prevail between thespace planners and the planners of all mechanical systems. The systems are selected by differentagencies on the basis of the performance and space requirement. The systems as lighting, ac ducting,plumbing, water supply services need to be designed in co-ordination with the architectural plan.
  5. 5. Energy efficient aspects incorporated in an office space Energy efficient Office of Buck O’Neill Builders, san FranciscoLighting- Efficient Planning of light concentrates on maximizing the usage of natural light andprovision of the least quantity of artificial light. If the structure is already constructed with specificwindow sizes and positions, it is necessary to take benefit of the maximum day light penetrating. Anideal lighting system-reduces the load, meets all prescribed design standards, allows the user to controlthe quantity and intensity, and considers aesthetics of the space keeping the project cost down.Ambient and direct lighting systems are mainly applied in the workplaces. Energy-efficient lamptechnologies and lighting control systems can be integrated with daylight to provide reductions inoverall consumption. Based on the survey results, the layout type of lighting fixtures could be classifiedinto the line, spot and square types.Energy-efficient lamp technologies and lighting control systems can be integrated with daylight toprovide reductions in overall consumption. The best advantage can be gained from automatic controlof electric lighting as a function of ambient daylight levels. Daylight level sampling equipment can beplaced at roof level, while internal space sensors can allow control of electric lighting.With high quality and Effective LED task lighting system designers can choose ambient light systems .The effective LED systems light the task,illuminate the vertical surfaces and create a pleasant andinviting ambience reducing the energy consumption levels. Planning mechanical systems and other services-The mechanical systems planning of a space mightaffect thermal environment of a space, and it should meet the standards of acceptable thermal values
  6. 6. as well. These systems specifically heat, cool and ventilate a building. A well designed mechanicalsystem with good controls is vital to ensure good Indoor environmental Quality and maximize energy-efficiency. The issue of cooling in new offices depend on the usage of the building , desirability ofcontrol over the internal environment and the climatic conditions of the location. The avoidance ofenergy-intensive air conditioning is a growing concern for environmentally-conscious designers.Ducting for watersupply and waste water needs to be co-ordinated with Architectural plan for theirmost efficient working. Good solid water and waste management, based on the waste action hierarchyof reduction, reuse and recycling, is a key component of sustainable development. it will be increasinglyadvantageous to devise systems that minimise water consumption and waste water discharge throughnew approaches in services design.Usage of several elements in toilet areas would save a considerable amount of water such as low flowwash basins with spray taps used in conjunction with sensor operation ,dry urinals,dual flow wcs alongwith recyling of water .Wide choice of different building control disciplines like heating, ventilation, air conditioningapplications, lights and blinds, safety features, and electronic equipments can be integrated throughbuilding automation systems. The BAS functionality reduces building energy and maintenance costs .(P.T.O)
  7. 7. Case study 1- Studio 8-8-8 ‘Abhalmaya’ office planning. Studio 8-8-8 ‘Abhalmaya’an office Designed by Ar.Pramod Chaugule is an outcome of consciousefforts towards creation of an integrated and environment friendly or a ‘Green’ Office Design. Planningplays a significant role in making building an ideal integrated workplace along with an environmentfriendly atmosphere.Office Area of Abhalmaya- An integrated work space with flexible space Design and Environmental Planning Spatial Planning- Plan of the structure is open, airy and uncomplicated. The floor to opening ratio isnearly 80% which provides a feel of openness to the space.The Ground floor has a reception ares, conference and multimedia presentation along with anaccountants spavce. Upper floor is designed as a complete technical area with spaces allocated to threedirectors, two Engineers and one Architect.An effective communication is maintained by placing the related work areas near the cabins of threedirectors one of whom is an Architect and other two are engineers.The cabins are alternately used asmeeting places too. Nearly 20-25 workers are accomodated in open desk modules which can be easilyrearranged if necessary.Space occupied by three directors overlook the work space.The cabins andfurnitures are constructed from recycled and Green materials. The office space is free flowing withoutany full sized partitions which give a feel of one-ness and open-ness to the whole space. Very basicmaterials with simplest modes of construction are found in interiors.Technical areas are separated by half partitions made up of Green ply resting on M.S. pipe structure.Jute pin up boards are mounted on the ply for display of the drawings. Table tops are made up ofceramic Jaisalmere stone.Table tops made up of ‘Ceramic Jaisalmer’ stone Wooden partitions also used for storage
  8. 8. Architects working space with a table made up of Mural made up of foam concrete blockwastages of ‘Gokak’ and Marble stone along with green ply.Architects space is made interesting by a table made up of wastages of Gokak and Marble stonealong with Green ply. A divan made-up of wooden wastages is placed at the corner serving as restingarea for the Architect. All the furniture can be easily dis-assembled and reused.Environmental aspects in planning- Building is designed to meet the occupant’s need for thermal andvisual comfort at reduced levels of energy and resources consumption.The open planning and huge windows at North allow sufficient daylight and airflow throughout the day. Due to the exact amount of the glazing area provided, no artificial lighting and cooling measures areused in daytime reducing the energy consumption by 3185 KW and also reducing CO2 generation by2708 Kg.Renewable forms of energies like application of wind mills rain water harvesting, airconditioning by earth tunnel, provision of SIBF system, recycling of wastes is used in design. A windcatcher from tunnel helps the reduction of south west heat while protecting that side of structures.Moreover cavity walls are used at the west side of the structure to protect from extensive heat.The fresh and pleasant environment of ‘Ahalmaya’ has definitely increased the working potential of thestaff and their sense of well being during the working hours in turn increasing the productivity.Case Study2-New York Times Office Planning-Renzo pianoThe building is occupied by the newspapers editorial offices up to the 28th of its 52 floors but alsocontains other offices, commercial spaces and green areas. The multifunctional areas include officespaces, other services and green areas. Office plan is open type which is designed to accommodatenewsroom operations with a space for reporters, the copy desk, and editors to see and work together.The provision of red open stairs in the corners of the tower in the newsroom saves the use of elevatorsconnecting two levels. Informal groupings of tables and chairs are also scattered about, creating avariety of social spaces.Private rooms having glass walls take care of private meetings. A designer dining area is provided forthe staff with a double height with excellent light, ventilation and views.
  9. 9. The desks are arranged considering the heirarchy.The window spaces along the perimeter are occupiedby the editors while the space between cores .Top editors are places in glass offices near cores.Copydesk personnel have to work only for specific hours hence they have very small spaces allocated tothem interlinked with reporters, editors and production people. Most arresting feature of the elevation is use of slender ceramic rods on external face of the buildingalong with the automatically adjustable shades which cut the heat loads by 30% and thus reduce theenergy costs by 13%.They get adjusted as per the sunlight pattern. The air vents are placed under thefloors for fresh air which bring in the fresh air with vents near the work stations. Carbon sensors areprovided to detect the requirement of fresh air. Dematerialization and transparency are the operativedescriptive terms inside and out. The case studies above show that the modern work spaces clearly reflect the modern flexible workenvironments. They have technological infrastructure to support "anywhere, anytime and any device"concept. They fulfill the major factors of spatial as well as environmental planning.Ref-1.www.sciencedirect.com- pdf by Ji-Hyun Kima, Sun-Sook Kima, In-Ho Yangb, Kwang-Woo Kima,2.The integrated workspace-Amor Patriae Ducit.3 Breakthrough in Office lighting-Terry Clark,Finelite,Inc4.Implementing integgrated work to create a dynamic Workplace-Knoll Workplace Research.5.Tall buildings and sustainaibility-Faber Maunsell.