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1 3 the golden age of muslim civilization

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1 3 the golden age of muslim civilization

  1. 1. Chapter 1 : Byzantine and Muslim Civilizations Section 3 : The Golden Age of Muslim Civilization
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Caliph : A Muslim ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Patron : One who supports, protects, or sponsors something </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Spread of Islam <ul><li>Islam spreads in two ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversions – people liked the religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquest – people were forced into the religion through war </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Spread of Islam Continued <ul><li>Islamic armies attack outward from the Arabian Peninsula (Map Page 27) </li></ul><ul><li>Victories in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Muslim Lands in 632 AD Muslim Lands added by 661 AD
  6. 6. Muslim Lands in 1180 AD Greatest Extent of the Spread of Islam
  7. 7. The Spread of Islam Continued <ul><li>Islamic armies successful because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Empire is gone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone is united under one religion </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Stopping the Muslims <ul><li>Islamic armies defeated in two battles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>717 AD - Muslims try and fail to take Constantinople </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>732 AD - Muslims are defeated at the Battle of Tours </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Map of Muslim Empire Tours
  10. 10. Stopping the Muslims Continued <ul><li>These two defeats stop the spread of Islam into Europe </li></ul>
  11. 11. Muslim Rule <ul><li>800 – 1100 AD is the “Golden Age” </li></ul><ul><li>Great wealth created through conquest and trade </li></ul><ul><li>Caliph’s rule the Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Capital of Empire is Baghdad </li></ul>
  12. 12. Map of Muslim Empire
  13. 13. The Golden Age <ul><li>Muslim scholars make great advances in math, science, and medicine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept of zero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabic numerals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Al-jabr” = Algebra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannon of Medicine </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Golden Age <ul><li>Muslims wrote literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry very important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sufis : Mystics who believed they could become close to God through prayer, fasting, and a simple life </li></ul></ul>Continued
  15. 15. The Golden Age Continued <ul><li>Caliph’s were patrons of the arts and sciences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This support allows for the “Golden Age” to happen </li></ul></ul>

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