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Education in cambodia

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លោកគ្រូ កាក់ សុវណ្ណា ជាលោកគ្រូភាសាអង់គ្លេស ដែលបានឆ្លងកាត់ការបង្រៀន លើមុខវិទ្យាជាច្រើនដូចជា Listening and Speaking, Core English, Writing Skills and Applied Linguistitcs

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Education in cambodia

  1. 1. Subject :Listening and speaking skill Lecturer :Kak Sovanna Topic :Education in Cambodia Group :1 1. Chan Ratana 2. Ly Sreypov 3. Chhay Chhorvy 4. Tan Sothea 5. San Daneth 6. Tty Somphos
  2. 2. I. Meaning of education  Education is the process by which people acquire knowledge, skill, habits, values, or attitudes. The word education is also used to describe the results of the educational process.
  3. 3. II. History of education  The history of education according to Dieter Lenzen , president of the Frey Universidad Berlin 1994, “being either millions of years ago or at the end of 1770”. Education as a science cannot be separated from the educational traditional that existed before. Adults trained the young of their society in the knowledge and skills they would need to master and eventually pass on. The evolution of culture, and human being as a species depended on this practice of transmitting knowledge. In pre-literate societies this was achieved orally and through imitation. Story-telling continued from one generation to the next Oral language developed into written symbols and letters. The depth and breadth of knowledge that could be preserved and passed soon increased exponentially.
  4. 4. When culture began to extend their knowledge beyond the basic skills of communicating, trading, gathering foo, religious practices, etc… formal education, and schooling, eventually followed. Schooling in the sense was already in place in Egypt between 3000 and 500BC. The history of education is the history of man as since it’s the main occupation of man to pass Knowledge, skill and attitude from one generation to the other so is education.
  5. 5. III. Why Education is down in Cambodia  When we talk about the development of a country, we are also talking about human resources, and what brings human resources to its fullest potential is inevitably education. Therefore, Education System is considered to be the vessel of human resources, and in turn the prosperity of a country. However, during the Pol Pot regime from 1975 to 1979 Cambodian education system was largely destroyed. Schools were abandoned, and teachers and scholars were killed mercilessly. Education could only be found hidden secretly throughout the pagodas with no official form.
  6. 6.  After waking up from this tragedy, Cambodia still has major problems tampering the education system, including corruption, poverty and mismanagement. Corruption happens frequently and uncontrollably in every school either in urban or rural areas, and the unsolved shortage of schools, school materials and proficient teachers contributes even more to the declining education system in Cambodia, making it fall even further from international education systems. In order to get our education system back on track, certain problems need to be solved such as tackling the corruption problem and renovating the management in education system so as to meet the international standard. And most importantly, we need to bring all those plans into practice. This is not easy, and it will take time. However, if the government and citizens are together as one, it will not only boost the improvement of education system but also the development of Cambodia as a whole.
  7. 7. IV. Education Cambodian system In nowadays’ civilized society, human resources are inevitably needed for the development of a country. What’s more, these human resources are not just any human resources. They must be well trained both mentally and skillfully. The process that is used to harness these people, making them the next golden generations, is called Education System.
  8. 8. However, the education system varies from one country to another, and the difference is even wider between developed countries and the developing ones. Developed countries have advanced and worldwide acknowledged education systems which produce human resources to the highest possible level, whereas developing countries are still struggling to create proper education systems for their generations who are going to be next leaders of the countries. Cambodia, a developing country and one of the poorest, notably has lots of issues with its education system. What are those major problems? What’s more? Are there any possible
  9. 9. V. Problem School Some of school problem are contact with the  Location (far from village, and that no transportation)  Uncomfortable (poverty, material, class)  Corruption and standard
  10. 10. Government Factor  Low government fund spent on education system  Corruption on the education fund raised from the other counties.
  11. 11. Regional factor  Schools are old and not enough  Roads are very difficult to travel  Students living far away from schools are not accessible with them  The enrollment of students keeps decreasing  due to their poor ling condition and lack of transportation
  12. 12. Personal or family factor  Educational value is not given by the poor  Lack of physical and emotional support for poor students  More work and pressure make the poor lose interest in their education  The inequality between man and woman in education still appears
  13. 13. VI. Solution Solution of School problems  Provide money to buy new materials  Teacher’s salary needs to be increased  Program “ Teacher’s Centre” should be taken into account  School management and school policy should be reinforced
  14. 14. Government  Increase fund to develop education system  Build up idea of honesty and self-righteousness  The fund used for plans for educational development should be publically announced
  15. 15.  Promote education value to poor people  Parents should pay more attention on children educational such as providing emotional, physical support, and communicational  Equal chance on education should be provide to all women as started on woman right in 1993
  16. 16. Solution of regional factor  First, fund are necessary need to active the plans for development.  More schools and rood need to be bialt and reconstructed.  Government should provide poor studies with shelter where it’s close to schools  Doing so, the enrolment will be remarkably increased solution of personal or family factor
  17. 17. Personal or family factor solution  Promote educational value to the poor  Parents should pay more attention on children  education: providing emotional and physical support