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Writing Objectives Using
Bloom’s Taxonomy
Sohail Ahmed
Different archers have different styles; so do different
teachers.
You can shoot your arrows (objectives) many ways
Object...
Use objectives to make sure you reach your
goals.
Sohail Ahmed 3
Objectives
Upon completion of the presentation,
Audience will be able to: State three reasons
why objectives are written f...
What is an objective?
• Objectives refer to expected or intended
student outcomes
• Specific knowledge, skills, or attitud...
Differences between Objectives and
Outcomes?
Objectives
are intended results or
consequences of
instruction, curricula,
pr...
Goals vs. Objectives
Goals
• General expectations of
student outcomes;
• The overall description
and purpose of a
program
...
Objectives Example
• Objectives (standards, outcomes, competencies)
• Tasks, knowledge and/or behaviors students should be...
The four components of an
objective
• Audience :
– The student
• Behavior :(performance)
– What student will do
• Conditio...
Learning objective format
• Students should be able to/ Students will be
able to
• <action verb> <something>
• Bloom’s Tax...
(Bloom’s Taxonomy) What is it?
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a chart of ideas
Named after the
creator, Benjamin
Bloom
A Taxonomy is ...
Bloom’s Taxonomy
• In 1956, Benjamin Bloom along with a group of
like-minded educators developed a framework
for classifyi...
Bloom’s Taxonomy
Sohail Ahmed 13
Writing Objectives for Lesson Plans Using Bloom’s
Taxonomy and Associated Action or Performance Verbs
Learning level Assoc...
Verbs to Avoid in OBJECTIVES
“BAD” words “GOOD” Words
To KNOW To WRITE
To UNDERSTAND To RECITE
To ENJOY To IDENTIFY
To APP...
Learning Objectives Rules
• Only one action verb
• Identify single accomplishments
• Focus on students, not faculty or
cur...
Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Knowledge/Remembering
• By the end of this course, the student will be
able to r...
Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Understanding /Comprehension
• By the end of this course, the student will be
ab...
Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Application/ Apply
• “By the end of this course, the student will be
able to cal...
Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Analysis/ Analyze
• By the end of this course, the student will be
able to diffe...
Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Evaluating/ Evaluate
• By the end of the course, the student will be able
to det...
Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Creating/ Evaluation
• By the end of this section of the course, the
student wil...
Correct/Incorrect Objectives
• Learn about the concepts of duties, rights
and obligations.
– Better choice of words: recal...
Consequence of Incorrect
Objectives
Sohail Ahmed 24
Some Examples by Dr. Nic
Students will be able to:
• Identify different levels of data in new scenarios.
• Explain in cont...
Perfection is not attainable, but if
we chase Perfection, we can catch
Excellence
By Vince Lombardi
Sohail Ahmed 26
I believe , I can create
Correct Objectives!
Best of Luck!
And now you can go to Objectives slide(#04) to
catch error whic...
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Writing objectives using bloom’s taxonomy by Sohail ahmed

  1. 1. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Sohail Ahmed
  2. 2. Different archers have different styles; so do different teachers. You can shoot your arrows (objectives) many ways Objective Goal Sohail Ahmed 2
  3. 3. Use objectives to make sure you reach your goals. Sohail Ahmed 3
  4. 4. Objectives Upon completion of the presentation, Audience will be able to: State three reasons why objectives are written for courses or programs. • Name the parts of a good objective. • Recite the Bloom’s Taxonomy • Describe three reasons to write learning objectives using materials and handouts. Sohail Ahmed 4
  5. 5. What is an objective? • Objectives refer to expected or intended student outcomes • Specific knowledge, skills, or attitudes that students are expected to achieve through their college experience Sohail Ahmed 5
  6. 6. Differences between Objectives and Outcomes? Objectives are intended results or consequences of instruction, curricula, programs, or activities. Outcomes are achieved results or consequences of what was learned; i.e., evidence that learning took place. Sohail Ahmed 6
  7. 7. Goals vs. Objectives Goals • General expectations of student outcomes; • The overall description and purpose of a program • Can be broad and vague Objectives • Statement of what students should be able to do, or how they should change developmentally, as a result of instruction or program • More specific; measurable Sohail Ahmed 7
  8. 8. Objectives Example • Objectives (standards, outcomes, competencies) • Tasks, knowledge and/or behaviors students should be able to do at the end of the program. • At the conclusion of the program, the student should be able to: – Define the concepts of duties, rights and obligations. – Analyze an ethical dilemma using theoretical frameworks. – Evaluate alternative actions from various ethical perspectives. Sohail Ahmed 8
  9. 9. The four components of an objective • Audience : – The student • Behavior :(performance) – What student will do • Condition: – Under what circumstances will task be accomplished • Degree (criteria) – Percent correct Sohail Ahmed 9
  10. 10. Learning objective format • Students should be able to/ Students will be able to • <action verb> <something> • Bloom’s Taxonomy is the best one to know better about action verbs for Objectives. Sohail Ahmed 10
  11. 11. (Bloom’s Taxonomy) What is it? Bloom’s Taxonomy is a chart of ideas Named after the creator, Benjamin Bloom A Taxonomy is an arrangement of ideas or a way to group things together Sohail Ahmed 11
  12. 12. Bloom’s Taxonomy • In 1956, Benjamin Bloom along with a group of like-minded educators developed a framework for classifying educational goals and objectives into a hierarchical structure representing different forms and levels of learning. This framework was published as Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives Sohail Ahmed 12
  13. 13. Bloom’s Taxonomy Sohail Ahmed 13
  14. 14. Writing Objectives for Lesson Plans Using Bloom’s Taxonomy and Associated Action or Performance Verbs Learning level Associated action verbs Knowledge define, describe, state, list, name, write, recall, recognize, label, underline, select, reproduce, outline, match Comprehension identify, justify, select, indicate, illustrate, represent, name, formulate, explain, judge, contrast, classify Application predict, select, assess, explain, choose, find, show, demonstrate, construct, compute, use, perform Analysis analyze, identify, conclude, differentiate, select, separate, compare, contrast, justify, resolve, break down, criticize Synthesis combine, restate, summarize, precise, argue, discuss, organize, derive, select, relate, generalize, conclude Evaluation judge, evaluate, determine, recognize, support, defend, attack, criticize, identify, avoid, select, choose Sohail Ahmed 14
  15. 15. Verbs to Avoid in OBJECTIVES “BAD” words “GOOD” Words To KNOW To WRITE To UNDERSTAND To RECITE To ENJOY To IDENTIFY To APPRECIATE To DIFFERENTIATE To GRASP THE SIGNIFICANCE OF To SOLVE To COMPREHEND To CONSTRUCT To BELIEVE To LIST To COMPARE To CONTRAST Sohail Ahmed 15
  16. 16. Learning Objectives Rules • Only one action verb • Identify single accomplishments • Focus on students, not faculty or curriculum Sohail Ahmed 16
  17. 17. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Knowledge/Remembering • By the end of this course, the student will be able to recite Newton’s three laws of motion.” • By the end of this course, the student will be able to Define Parts of Speech in English Language .” Sohail Ahmed 17
  18. 18. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Understanding /Comprehension • By the end of this course, the student will be able to explain Newton’s three laws of motion in his/her own words.” • By the end of this course, the student will be able to explain Parts of Speech in English Language in his/her own words.” Sohail Ahmed 18
  19. 19. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Application/ Apply • “By the end of this course, the student will be able to calculate the kinetic energy of a projectile.” • “By the end of this course, the student will be able to Solve the problems in a sentence.” Sohail Ahmed 19
  20. 20. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Analysis/ Analyze • By the end of this course, the student will be able to differentiate between potential and kinetic energy.” • By the end of this course, the student will be able to differentiate between action verbs and Phrasal verbs.” Sohail Ahmed 20
  21. 21. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Evaluating/ Evaluate • By the end of the course, the student will be able to determine whether using conservation of energy or conservation of momentum would be more appropriate for solving a dynamics problem.” • By the end of this session, the students will be able to argue over the Systemic approach of grammar. Sohail Ahmed 21
  22. 22. Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy Creating/ Evaluation • By the end of this section of the course, the student will be able to design an original homework problem dealing with the principle of conservation of energy. • By the end of this section of the course, the student will be able to design/create/format his/her own style of writing. Sohail Ahmed 22
  23. 23. Correct/Incorrect Objectives • Learn about the concepts of duties, rights and obligations. – Better choice of words: recall, remember, discuss • Understand about ethical dilemmas – Better choice of words: Explain, put in their own words Sohail Ahmed 23
  24. 24. Consequence of Incorrect Objectives Sohail Ahmed 24
  25. 25. Some Examples by Dr. Nic Students will be able to: • Identify different levels of data in new scenarios. • Explain in context a confidence interval. • Determine which probability distribution out of binomial, poisson or normal is most appropriate to model in an unfamiliar situation. • Compare two time series models of the same data and evaluate which is more appropriate in a given context. Sohail Ahmed 25
  26. 26. Perfection is not attainable, but if we chase Perfection, we can catch Excellence By Vince Lombardi Sohail Ahmed 26
  27. 27. I believe , I can create Correct Objectives! Best of Luck! And now you can go to Objectives slide(#04) to catch error which most teachers do  Sohail Ahmed 27
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