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VANCOUVER
REFERENCE STYLE GUIDE
SOHAIL AHMED
M.A ENGLISH LITERATURE
VANCOUVER STYLE

• The Vancouver style of referencing is so

named because it was first published by the
Vancouver Group, ...
ELEMENTS OF VANCOUVER STYLE

1.

Citations in the body of the paper,

using consecutive numbers
2.

a numbered reference l...
PART 1: IN-TEXT CITATIONS
• In-text citations are references provided in the body
of a paper to each work cited—books, jou...
PART 1: IN-TEXT CITATIONS
• The same number is used for a source throughout a
paper. This number is determined by the firs...
PART 1: IN-TEXT CITATIONS
• When two or more references appear at the same
point in the text, the relevant numbers are
sep...
PART 2: REFERENCE LIST
• An important purpose of the reference list is to
identify the sources cited in the paper so that
...
PART 2: REFERENCE LIST
• Initials follow the family names of authors and editors,
with no space or full stops between the ...
REFERENCE LIST
JOURNAL ARTICLE:
• The following information is included for
journal articles: author(s), article title,
ab...
REFERENCE LIST
JOURNAL ARTICLE:
• One to six authors :

For a journal article written by six or fewer
authors, provide the...
REFERENCE LIST
JOURNAL ARTICLE:
• More than six authors

For a journal article written by more than
six authors, list the ...
REFERENCE LIST
JOURNAL ARTICLE:
• Organization as author

For a journal article that lists an
organization (rather than an...
REFERENCE LIST
BOOK:
• • As for a journal article, for a book written by

more than six authors, the names of the first si...
REFERENCE LIST
BOOK:
• The following information is included, in the
following order: author(s), book title, edition
numbe...
REFERENCE LIST
BOOK:(CHAPTER IN A BOOK )
• Note that the letter p. (for ‘page’ or ‘pages’) is
used for chapters in books. ...
REFERENCE LIST
NEWSPAPER ARTICLE :
• For a newspaper article, the following information is
provided: author(s) if given, t...
REFERENCE LIST
ELECTRONIC MATERIAL:
• CD-ROM
• For referencing a CD-ROM, follow the format for
a book and indicate the med...
REFERENCE LIST
JOURNAL ARTICLE ON THE INTERNET:
• To reference a journal article published on
the internet, provide the bi...
REFERENCE LIST
HOME PAGE/WEB SITE:
• For referencing a home page/web site it is
necessary to provide the title of the home...
FURTHER READING
• For more examples of how to reference according
to the Vancouver style, refer to the NLM web site
<www.n...
Good Luck

Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED
M.A English Literatute

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Vancouver style by Sohail Ahmed Solangi

  1. 1. VANCOUVER REFERENCE STYLE GUIDE SOHAIL AHMED M.A ENGLISH LITERATURE
  2. 2. VANCOUVER STYLE • The Vancouver style of referencing is so named because it was first published by the Vancouver Group, which expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 2
  3. 3. ELEMENTS OF VANCOUVER STYLE 1. Citations in the body of the paper, using consecutive numbers 2. a numbered reference list at the end of the paper giving the details of each source referred to. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 3
  4. 4. PART 1: IN-TEXT CITATIONS • In-text citations are references provided in the body of a paper to each work cited—books, journal articles, reports, material from the internet and the like. Consecutive numbers (either in parentheses or superscript) are used for the sources cited. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 4
  5. 5. PART 1: IN-TEXT CITATIONS • The same number is used for a source throughout a paper. This number is determined by the first citation of the source. So, for example, if a work is the fourth source cited in a paper, it will be referred to as (4) or by the superscript number4 throughout that paper. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 5
  6. 6. PART 1: IN-TEXT CITATIONS • When two or more references appear at the same point in the text, the relevant numbers are separated by commas, e.g. (4, 7) or 4,7 • if using superscript. Three or more consecutive citations are joined by a hyphen, e.g. (4-7) or 4-7. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 6
  7. 7. PART 2: REFERENCE LIST • An important purpose of the reference list is to identify the sources cited in the paper so that readers can locate them. • The reference list should appear at the end of the paper and provide. • The list is arranged in numerical order, so readers can go from the number in the body of the paper to the full details of the source. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 7
  8. 8. PART 2: REFERENCE LIST • Initials follow the family names of authors and editors, with no space or full stops between the initials of an author, e.g. Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. • Commas are used to separate each author’s name. Note that ‘and’ is not used to separate the last two names. • Each entry is set flush against the left margin, and the number is followed by a full stop Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 8
  9. 9. REFERENCE LIST JOURNAL ARTICLE: • The following information is included for journal articles: author(s), article title, abbreviated journal title, year, month (if applicable), day (if applicable), volume number, issue number (if applicable), page numbers. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 9
  10. 10. REFERENCE LIST JOURNAL ARTICLE: • One to six authors : For a journal article written by six or fewer authors, provide the names of all the authors. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 10
  11. 11. REFERENCE LIST JOURNAL ARTICLE: • More than six authors For a journal article written by more than six authors, list the first six authors followed by the phrase ‘et al’ meaning ‘and others’. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 11
  12. 12. REFERENCE LIST JOURNAL ARTICLE: • Organization as author For a journal article that lists an organization (rather than an individual) as the author, provide the name of the organization in the author position. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 12
  13. 13. REFERENCE LIST BOOK: • • As for a journal article, for a book written by more than six authors, the names of the first six are provided, followed by the phrase ‘et al’. • • If the author is an organization, the organization name is provided in the author position, as for a journal article. • • Book titles, like journal article titles, use minimal capitalization. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 13
  14. 14. REFERENCE LIST BOOK: • The following information is included, in the following order: author(s), book title, edition number (if not the first), city, publisher, year. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 14
  15. 15. REFERENCE LIST BOOK:(CHAPTER IN A BOOK ) • Note that the letter p. (for ‘page’ or ‘pages’) is used for chapters in books. The letter p. is not used for page numbers of journal articles. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 15
  16. 16. REFERENCE LIST NEWSPAPER ARTICLE : • For a newspaper article, the following information is provided: author(s) if given, title of article, title of newspaper, year, month, day, section (if applicable), page or pages, column number. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 16
  17. 17. REFERENCE LIST ELECTRONIC MATERIAL: • CD-ROM • For referencing a CD-ROM, follow the format for a book and indicate the medium in square brackets after the title, i.e. [CD-ROM]. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 17
  18. 18. REFERENCE LIST JOURNAL ARTICLE ON THE INTERNET: • To reference a journal article published on the internet, provide the bibliographic details as for a print journal. • Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 18
  19. 19. REFERENCE LIST HOME PAGE/WEB SITE: • For referencing a home page/web site it is necessary to provide the title of the home page/web site followed by the word ’Internet’ in square brackets. Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 19
  20. 20. FURTHER READING • For more examples of how to reference according to the Vancouver style, refer to the NLM web site <www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html> Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 20
  21. 21. Good Luck Complied by: SOHAIL AHMED M.A English Literatute 21
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