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  1. 1. My answer Mark scheme Critically examine the relationship between different social groups and their religious beliefs and practice. (33 marks. January 2010) AO1 My mark What I need to do to improve, and why Knowledge Understanding /15 AO2 My mark What I need to do to improve, and why Interpretation Application /18 Analysis Evaluation
  2. 2. Critically examine the relationship between different social groups and their religious beliefs and practice. (33 marks. January 2010) AO1 – Knowledge & Understanding A top band answer is likely to include at least 6 of the following: Have I included them? Gender – patterns among different religious organisations Gender: Miller & Hoffman say women are more religious due to their socialisation, and because they have more time on their hands. Davie – women are closer to birth & death. New Age – Heelas found 80% in holistic milieu were female. Bruce makes connection between child-rearing and healing/nurturing side of New Age. Glock & Stark – religion as compensation. Ethnicity – patterns among different ethnic groups and organisations Ethnicity: Bruce – religion as cultural defence & community solidarity. Also high levels of religiosity in first generation immigrants – cultural transition. Weber – Theodicies of disprivilege. Stark & Bainbridge – compensation. Davie – community identity. Mirza - ‘Muslim’ as a stigmatised identity in UK. Age – patterns among different age groups and religious organisations Age: older groups higher religiosity explained by disengagement, religious socialisation and ill-health/death. Age: young people – Roof ‘expanded spiritual marketplace; Davie ‘believing without belonging; Lynch ‘secular spirituality’; Lyotard decline of metanarratives; Bruce declining religious education; pragmatic reasons (time, leisure activities, peer group’s perceptions) Class: m/c seem more religious – respectability, conservative political views, time, socialisation. W/c exceptions e.g. Methodism, Catholicism, world-rejecting and accommodating NRMs. Secularisation & Postmodernism – how do these relate to (possibly changing) patterns of religiosity? Statistics – problems with accurate figures on religious belief and practice for any group, and especially the variations between groups. ‘Invisibility’ of many NRMS, the New Age and privatised form of spirituality.
  3. 3. Critically examine the relationship between different social groups and their religious beliefs and practice. (33 marks. January 2010) AO2 – Interpretation, Application, Analysis & Evaluation Skill How my essay could be improved: Interpretation & Application: question is clearly understood, and the material used is accurately explained and its relevance made clear. Arguments are applied to evidence or real-life examples. Analysis: is explicit & clear. The answer is well-structured, no points are left hanging. All parts are linked together (no ‘scattergun approach’). Comes to a distinct and logical conclusion. Evaluation: ideas are contrasted clearly, and valid criticisms made. Evidence is weighed up before a logical conclusion is drawn. Methodological issues, where relevant, are highlighted.

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