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Evaluation of Augmented Reality Frameworks for Android Development

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Master defense at Graz University of Technology, 2014

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Evaluation of Augmented Reality Frameworks for Android Development

  1. 1.  S C I E N C E  T E C H N O L O G Y  P A S S I O N u www.iicm.tugraz.at Evaluation of Augmented Reality Frameworks for Android Development Iulia Marneanu July 3rd, 2014
  2. 2.  Which is currently the best open framework for developing an Augmented Reality mobile application? July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 2
  3. 3.  Agenda • Motivation • Augmented Reality • AR Frameworks • Criteria • Test App • Scenarios & findings July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 3
  4. 4.  Motivation • Evolaris Next Level GmbH • growing in popularity on mobile devices [1] • 200 million mobile AR users worldwide by 2018 [2] • over 2.5 billion mobile AR apps by 2017 [3] • recent job market growth in Android development [4] July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 4
  5. 5.  Augmented Reality July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 5 [5]
  6. 6.  • Marker-based tracking • GPS tracking • Markerless tracking Augmented Reality. Tracking Techniques July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 6
  7. 7.  AR Frameworks Framework Development Availability ARLab Spain (2006) Demo ARToolKit USA (2001) Academic License D‘Fusion France (1999) Watermark Vuforia Austria (2011) Free catchoom Spain (2011) Demo metaio Germany (2003) Watermark July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 7
  8. 8.  Criteria • Environmental criteria • Target criteria • Performance criteria • Usability criteria July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 8
  9. 9.  Criteria. Environmental Criteria July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 9 Environmental Criteria Tests Light intensity - Natural light - Direct light - Sudden change - Mirroring Viewpoint 45° angle perspectives Distance From 10 cm distance between testing device and target. Visibility From 10% visible area. Background Dark versus bright contrasts. Noise From 10% noisy target image.
  10. 10.  Target Criteria Tests Grayscale Default size target image in grayscale. Contrast Ratio Contrast value set to -50. Size Four sizes: 5cm, 10cm, 15cm and 20cm. Aspect Ratio Vertically or horizontally Material - Glass - Laminated - Glossy photo paper Criteria. Target Criteria July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 10
  11. 11.  Criteria. Performance Criteria July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 11 Frameworks Flicker Motion Blur Fast Moves Registration Occlusion ARLab no no not supp. not supp. not supp. ARToolKit min no partially supported not supp. not supp. D‘Fusion no no supported supported not supp. Vuforia min no supported supported not supp. catchoom no yes supported supported not supp. metaio min no not supp. supported not supp.
  12. 12.  Criteria. Usability Criteria July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 12 Frameworks Face Tracking Text Detection Flash Camera Front Camera Extended Tracking Multi Targets ARLab yes yes ARToolKit yes yes D‘Fusion yes yes yes Vuforia no yes yes yes yes catchoom no no yes yes metaio yes yes no yes yes yes
  13. 13.  Test App July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 13 Home Frameworks Criteria Scenarios Test Result
  14. 14.  Test App. Tests • Active tests „how much time does it need to…?“ • Online criteria • Record the testing times • Offline tests „is it supported or not?“ • Offline criteria • Determine if a feature is supported or not July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 14
  15. 15.  Test App. Environmental Criteria Results July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 15
  16. 16.  Test App. Target Criteria Results July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 16
  17. 17.  Scenarios • Interior Design • Magazine App • Bus Shelter • Supermarket Promotions • Tourist Translator • mCommerce July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 17
  18. 18.  Scenarios. Interior Design Environmental Criteria Weight Light Intensity 2 Viewpoint 5 Visibility 2 Distance 4 July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 18 Target Criteria Weight Size 3 Performance Criteria Weight Registration 5 Occlusion 4 Usability Criteria Weight Multi-targets 3 Extended Tracking 4
  19. 19.  Scenarios. Magazine App Environmental Criteria Weight Light Intensity 5 Viewpoint 3 Visibility 4 Noise 3 Distance 1 July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 19 Target Criteria Weight Grayscale 4 Contrast Ratio 1 Size 2 Aspect Ratio 2 Material 3 Performance Criteria Weight Registration 1 Flicker 1 Usability Criteria Weight Multi-targets 3 Text Detection 2
  20. 20.  Scenarios. Bus Shelter Environmental Criteria Weight Light Intensity 5 Viewpoint 5 Visibility 4 Noise 5 Background 4 Distance 3 July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 20 Target Criteria Weight Size 2 Aspect Ratio 2 Material 3 Performance Criteria Weight Fast Moves 4 Usability Weight Text Detection 1 Extended Tracking 4 Flash 1
  21. 21.  Scenarios. Supermarket Promotions Environmental Criteria Weight Light Intensity 1 Viewpoint 4 Visibility 5 Noise 2 Distance 2 July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 21 Target Criteria Weight Grayscale 3 Size 3 Aspect Ratio 3 Material 4 Performance Criteria Weight Motion Blur 4 Usability Criteria Weight Multi-targets 5 Text Detection 1 Flash 1
  22. 22.  Scenarios. Tourist Translator Environmental Criteria Weight Light Intensity 4 Viewpoint 4 Visibility 4 Noise 2 Background 1 Distance 3 July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 22 Target Criteria Weight Contrast Ratio 5 Size 3 Material 2 Performance Criteria Weight Flicker 5 Usability Criteria Weight Text Detection 5 Flash 1
  23. 23.  Scenarios. mCommerce Environmental Criteria Weight Light Intensity 5 Viewpoint 4 Visibility 4 Background 1 Distance 3 July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 23 Performance Criteria Weight Flicker 2 Fast Moves 3 Usability Criteria Weight Face Tracking 5 Front Camera 4
  24. 24.  No AR framework is better than another, each has its advantages and disadvantages. In some circumstances, given a set of constraints, a framework can outperform others. July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 24
  25. 25.  References [1] TechNavio - Infiniti Research Ltd. Global augmented reality market 2014- 2018. A market research report. [2] Juniper Research. Mobile augmented reality: smartphones, tablets and smart glasses 2013-2018. A market research report. [3] Juniper Research. Over 2.5 Billion Mobile Augmented Reality Apps to Be Installed Per Annum by 2017. A market research report. [4] Jennifer Lynn. iOS vs. OS: Current Job Market Is Growing Faster For Android Developers Than Apple. [5] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Go9rf9GmYpM July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 25
  26. 26.  Thank you for your attention! July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 26
  27. 27.  July 3rd, 2014 Iulia Marneanu 27

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