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Americans marched quickly toward west
very hard w/ disease & loneliness
Frontier people were individualistic,
superstitious & ill-informed
Westward movement molded environment
tobacco exhausted land
from 1620 to 1860
American “nativists” feared
invasion of immigrants
Promote nationalism was internal
improvements to unite the US.
•Transportation system of
roads, canals, steamships
John C. Calhoun, US •Finally… the railroad
Senator from from
Provide economic growth (Economic Nationalism)
•Americans buying American goods
•Protective tariff (allows US factories to grow)
•2nd Bank of the United States
Pony Express connected East-West
Telegraph instantly sent messages across US
People moved faster and country expanded
• Unifying spirit among fellow country men
• A need for a transcontinental railroad that
connected east to west
A shift from goods made by
hand to factory and mass
brought production from
farmhouse to factories
• Beginning of US Factory System
• Slow beginning
the South, cotton
•Eli Whitney’s cotton gin
revolutionized the cotton industry.
•Mass Production and
•Very important early pioneer in
America’s industrial revolution.
Cotton gin invented in 1793
• 50 times more effective than hand
New England factories
flourish with Southern
cotton- more $$$
1807, Fulton's Clermont, was the
first commercially successful and
reliable steamboat. Steam boat
would revolutionize water travel.
Americans beat the British at their
own game, made better factories
Francis C Lowell came over here to
build British factories met up with
Boston mechanic, Paul Moody
The Lowell System
Lowell, Massachusetts, 1832
Young New England farm girls
(Often Women and Children would be in the
workplace because it would be cheaper for
Supervised on and off the job
Worked 6 days a week, 13 hours a day
Escorted to church on Sunday
shipped to Northern
textile mills was a good
But that “Good
The Corrupt Bargain
•Henry Clay gives his support to John Adams and the
House of Representatives chooses Adams as the President.
•Two weeks later, Adams appoints Henry Clay as his
Secretary of State….
•Jackson cries out corruption and calls this the “Corrupt
•Jackson promises he would run again for the Presidency
in 1828 and would smash Adams.
Jackson and J. Q. Adams ran
against each other for the
One anti-Jackson newspaper declared, •Anti-Adams people accused
him of hiring a servant girl for
“General Jackson’s mother was a common a visiting Russian
prostitute, brought to this country by the ambassador…
British soldiers! She, afterwards married a
mulatto man with whom she had several •Adams was accused of
children, of which one was Andrew Jackson.” gambling in the White House.
•One of the worst elections in US History for its “mudslinging.”
•As a result of this, Jackson’s wife Rachel, died of a heart attack just
before he became President…He blamed Adams and Clay and never
Champion of OR “King”
the “Common Andrew?
Common Man and the
west become politically SPOILS System:
powerful Putting your
Land easy to friends and
Jackson brought supporters in high
obtain in the democracy to the
West so Common man Govt Jobs
were dropped Farmers
Rise of the Common
Education Man and The New Carpenters
not as Democracy The Working
Other Common for the
Men in US Powerful movement common man
History: in the country to
expand involvement which was
Davy Crockett and participation of most of the
Sam Houston the common man in population
Jackson’s Indian Removal
Expansion into the southwest for southern
1830: Indian Removal Act
5 Civilized Tribes: (forced removal)
Cherokee Creek Choctaw
Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831)
“domestic dependent nation”
Worcester v. GA (1832)
Cherokee law is sovereign and Georgia law does
not apply in Cherokee nation.
Jackson: John Marshall has made his
decision, now let him enforce it!
Long time we travel on way to new land. People feel bad when they
leave old nation. Women cry and make sad wails. Children cry and
many men cry, and all look sad like when friends die, but they say
nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West.
Many days pass and people die very much. We bury close by Trail.
Survivor of the Trail of Tears
**Demonstrates the growing
conflict between South and
John C. Calhoun, President
former VP under Jackson,
Jackson, US THE UNITED
Senator from STATES
To “NULLIFY” a Federal Law is to eliminate it.
The Nullification Crisis was an argument over
IF the States had the RIGHT/POWER to
eliminate a FEDERAL/NATIONAL Law?
According to our Constitution the National
Govt ALWAYS has the last word…
Jackson’s opposition to NULLIFICATION
enhanced his reputation as a STRONG
The Bank of the United States, although privately owned,
received federal deposits and attempted to serve a public
purpose by cushioning the ups and downs of the national
economy … Govt supported Rich
bill to support
Bank of the
thought it was
The 1832 Election privileges”
• Reinforced his
image of a