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Data modelling and visualization in German 
environmental policies 
Thomas Hüsing 
Library Science & Informatics 
Environmental Policy Research Centre, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany 
thomas.huesing@fu -berlin.de
Complexity 
Environmental problems and related policy measures 
mutually influence each other.
Solutions 
Policies solving one problem...
Side effects 
.. may have unwanted side effects in other areas.
The biofuels example 
10% of biofuels in gasoline ordinance..
The biofuels example 
.. resulted in additional land cultivation with heavy 
environmental impacts.
The problem 
* complex relationships 
* need to priorize 
* high degree of specialisation
The result 
Unidimensional Policies.
The project 
Method and tool to trace back potential incoherencies.
Data modeled as Causal chain... 
Problem 
Root cause Goal 
[-1,0,+1] 
Resulting behavior Measures
Incoherent policies 
Goal 
Cause 
Problem 
Measure Behavior 
Cause 
Problem 
(-) 
(+) 
.. trigger a behaviour which increases the problem pressure for other problems.
Wiki based Data collection 
Structured fact sheets by domain experts
Wiki Data 
Thematic fields: Energy, Climate. Natural Resources, 
Water, Land use, Soil, Air quality, and Health. 
About 500 entries with an average of 5 successors
Data Exploration in the Wiki
Faceted Drilldown Search Interface 
Taxonomies 
Results
Single Entry View. Node 
Successors 
Predecessors
Sectoral Factsheet..
Profound Data Exploration 
1) Macro level - Data probe diagrams. 
2) Micro level - Spreadsheet data
One to many goals 
..and Sector related goals. 
Beeinträchtigung Wasserkörper 
Reduktion Primärenergieverbrauch 
Allg. THG-Emissionsreduktion 
Nachhaltige Wassernutzung 
Klimawandel 
Stabilisierung THG-Konzentration 
Infektionen 
Allergien 
Begrenzung Schadstoffeinleitung in Grundwasser 
Globale Chemikaliensicherheit 
Sichere Verwendung von Stoffen 
Minimierung besonders besorgniserregender Stoffe 
Luftqualitätsverbesserung 
Reduktion Feinstaub, Ozon 
Schutz Kinder 
Schlechter Zustand wasserabhängiger Biotope 
Verringerung negativer Chemikalien-Wirkungen 
Belastete Oberflächengewässer 
Bodendegradation 
Bodenerhalt 
Human-Analytik 
Verkürzte Lebenserwartung 
Gesundheitsschutz Trinkwasser 
Bodenverschmutzung 
Reduzierung Stoffeinträge Boden 
Emissionsreduktion SO2, NOX, NH3, NMVOC 
Flora-/Faunaschädigung 
Gute Daten zu Chemikalien 
Hohes Schutzniveau vor Chemikalien 
Umweltgifte & Schwermetalle 
Durchführung Altlasten-Sanierung 
Reduktion Quecksilber-Exposition 
Belastetes Grundwasser 
Beherrschung des Risikos von Stoffen 
Emissionsbegrenzung versauernder/eutrophierender Schadstoffe und Ozonvorläufer 
Asthma/Lungenerkrankungen Kinder 
Verringerung Chemikalien-Exposition in Erzeugnissen 
Einhaltung Risikoquotient 
Verringerte Belastung durch hormonelle Stoffe 
Reduzierung Pflanzenschutzmittel 
Luftreinhaltung 
Flächeninanspruchnahme / -versiegelung 
Minimierung besonders kritischer Stoffe 
Gesundheitsschutz 
Artenverlust 
Altlasten-Sanierung Altlasten-Regelungen 
Gesundheitsschutz Trinkwasser-Badewasser 
Gesundheitsschutz Biozide 
THG aus Flächenkonversion 
Klimatische Veränderungen 
Altlasten-Sanierung 
Beendigung/Einschränkung POPs 
Emissionsbekämpfung 
Gesundheitsschutz Kosmetik 
Verlust genetischer Vielfalt 
Gesundheitsschutz Pestizide 
Erhalt Biodiversität 
Flächenmodifikation 
Goal Measure Behaviour Causes Problems Goals
Single Goal Feedback Loop
Goal / Goal matrix
Goal / Goal matrix
The goals cloud
Results so far 
Inventory of known causal chains, 
Tool support for coherence check.
Thank You! 
thomas.huesing@fu -berlin.de, Environmental Policy Research Centre, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany

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T.huesing ignite knowescape

  • 1. Data modelling and visualization in German environmental policies Thomas Hüsing Library Science & Informatics Environmental Policy Research Centre, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany thomas.huesing@fu -berlin.de
  • 2. Complexity Environmental problems and related policy measures mutually influence each other.
  • 3. Solutions Policies solving one problem...
  • 4. Side effects .. may have unwanted side effects in other areas.
  • 5. The biofuels example 10% of biofuels in gasoline ordinance..
  • 6. The biofuels example .. resulted in additional land cultivation with heavy environmental impacts.
  • 7. The problem * complex relationships * need to priorize * high degree of specialisation
  • 9. The project Method and tool to trace back potential incoherencies.
  • 10. Data modeled as Causal chain... Problem Root cause Goal [-1,0,+1] Resulting behavior Measures
  • 11. Incoherent policies Goal Cause Problem Measure Behavior Cause Problem (-) (+) .. trigger a behaviour which increases the problem pressure for other problems.
  • 12. Wiki based Data collection Structured fact sheets by domain experts
  • 13. Wiki Data Thematic fields: Energy, Climate. Natural Resources, Water, Land use, Soil, Air quality, and Health. About 500 entries with an average of 5 successors
  • 15. Faceted Drilldown Search Interface Taxonomies Results
  • 16. Single Entry View. Node Successors Predecessors
  • 18. Profound Data Exploration 1) Macro level - Data probe diagrams. 2) Micro level - Spreadsheet data
  • 19. One to many goals ..and Sector related goals. Beeinträchtigung Wasserkörper Reduktion Primärenergieverbrauch Allg. THG-Emissionsreduktion Nachhaltige Wassernutzung Klimawandel Stabilisierung THG-Konzentration Infektionen Allergien Begrenzung Schadstoffeinleitung in Grundwasser Globale Chemikaliensicherheit Sichere Verwendung von Stoffen Minimierung besonders besorgniserregender Stoffe Luftqualitätsverbesserung Reduktion Feinstaub, Ozon Schutz Kinder Schlechter Zustand wasserabhängiger Biotope Verringerung negativer Chemikalien-Wirkungen Belastete Oberflächengewässer Bodendegradation Bodenerhalt Human-Analytik Verkürzte Lebenserwartung Gesundheitsschutz Trinkwasser Bodenverschmutzung Reduzierung Stoffeinträge Boden Emissionsreduktion SO2, NOX, NH3, NMVOC Flora-/Faunaschädigung Gute Daten zu Chemikalien Hohes Schutzniveau vor Chemikalien Umweltgifte & Schwermetalle Durchführung Altlasten-Sanierung Reduktion Quecksilber-Exposition Belastetes Grundwasser Beherrschung des Risikos von Stoffen Emissionsbegrenzung versauernder/eutrophierender Schadstoffe und Ozonvorläufer Asthma/Lungenerkrankungen Kinder Verringerung Chemikalien-Exposition in Erzeugnissen Einhaltung Risikoquotient Verringerte Belastung durch hormonelle Stoffe Reduzierung Pflanzenschutzmittel Luftreinhaltung Flächeninanspruchnahme / -versiegelung Minimierung besonders kritischer Stoffe Gesundheitsschutz Artenverlust Altlasten-Sanierung Altlasten-Regelungen Gesundheitsschutz Trinkwasser-Badewasser Gesundheitsschutz Biozide THG aus Flächenkonversion Klimatische Veränderungen Altlasten-Sanierung Beendigung/Einschränkung POPs Emissionsbekämpfung Gesundheitsschutz Kosmetik Verlust genetischer Vielfalt Gesundheitsschutz Pestizide Erhalt Biodiversität Flächenmodifikation Goal Measure Behaviour Causes Problems Goals
  • 21. Goal / Goal matrix
  • 22. Goal / Goal matrix
  • 24. Results so far Inventory of known causal chains, Tool support for coherence check.
  • 25. Thank You! thomas.huesing@fu -berlin.de, Environmental Policy Research Centre, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany