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Financing the Digital Economy
Austria 2035
Vienna, 20 April 2020 (Video)
The European Investment Bank, the EU Bank
• Financing partner for the EU Member
States and institutions since 1958;
• More than 90% of lending is within the EU;
• Financial support to projects outside the EU
amounted to 10% of EIB lending;
• Shareholders: 27 EU Member States;
• The EIB contributes to the realisation of
investment projects that further the economic,
social and political priorities of the EU;
• More than 60 years of experience in financing
projects;
• Around 3 000 staff – not only finance
professionals, but also engineers, sector
economists and socio-environmental experts.
2
EIB Group financing was channeled
in these key areas in 2019
ENVIRONMENT
EUR 16.5bn
INFRASTRUCTURE
EUR 15.7bn
INNOVATION
EUR 14.4bn
SME
EUR 25.5bn
387.000 SMEs and Mid-Caps
3
2.2 bn
5.1 bn
3.6 bn
6.2 bn
7.1 bn
10.7 bn
10.9 bn
10.2 bn
12.5 bn
18.3 bn
16.5 bn
10.4 bn
9.3 bn
15.6 bn
13.4 bn
16.1 bn
13.5 bn
13.9 bn
13.6 bn
14.5 bn
18
37
27
48 45
56 57
55
73
95 95
66 76
104
108
123
150
237
213
240
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
0
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
14,000
16,000
18,000
20,000
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total
number
of
operations
Total
Lending
volume
(EUR
m)
Total Lending 2000-2019: EUR 224 bn
Historical Lending in Innovation & Skills 2000-2019
4
EIB Lending in Telecommunication
Infrastructure from 2009 -2019
2.8
1.4 1.3 1.4
2.6
2.2
0.9
1.8
1.3
2.2 2.2
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.2
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
non-EFSI
EUR bn
5
Market failures hindering digital technologies
Universal access to infrastructure
Limited appropriability, like R&D, lead to
suboptimal investment
Adoption barriers due to lack of skills
Cybersecurity
Market size/market fragmentation
6
Adoption of digital technologies by business
sector
• Key driver of EU competitiveness and economic growth:
full realisation of Europe’s digitalisation potential could
significantly add to GDP growth
• Strong EU industrial base (autonomous driving and IoT/
equipment and machinery) and knowledge (leading EU
universities, patents, publications)
• Strategic technology: need to establish EU technological
leadership
• Instrumental to achieve net-zero carbon emissions and
other climate action goals
• Foster resilience to external shocks (Covid-19,…)
Innovation gaps – IoT & Industry 4.0
8
Industry 4.0 – lowering costs & accelerate implementation
– Ecosystems / consortia – manufacturers, research organisations,
universities
– Standards, design rules, compatibility
Digital transformation of industry/Industry 4.0 Annual investment gap EUR 150bn
Source: Siemens, BCG
Nine technologies are transforming industrial
production:
• Industrial IoT
• Additive manufacturing
• Autonomous robots
• Simulation
• Augmented reality
• Big data & analytics
• Cloud computing
• System integration (horizontal & vertical)
• Cybersecurity
29/06/2018
Adoption of digital technologies by public
sector
‣ Key driver for transforming effectiveness in provision
of public services
‣ Cope with sociodemographic changes (ageing,
economic changes, …)
‣ Foster resilience to external shocks (Covid-19,…)
Bethe
sda,
MD
20817
20817
da, MD
20817
Cybersecurity: Products & Solutions Suppliers (supply side)
 with & without US companies
10
€ bn Further analysis of the
required investment:
Gigabit Society for Europe: Investments EUR 384 bn by 2025
DAE:
126 bn€ (33%)
5G connectivity:
65 bn€ (17%)
Rural
connectivity:
94 bn€ (24%)
Gigabit
connectivity:
98 bn€ (26%)
Geotype % Invest. % Pr*
Urban 20% 32%
Suburban 25% 36%
Semi-rural 30% 21%
Rural 21% 10%
Extreme-
rural
4% 1%
*Pr = Premises
• 72% for wired connections
(premises, excl. companies)
• 36% in cohesion regions
11
5G Deployment
‣ Fast 5G deployment is crucial. 5G technology is
expected to enable faster speeds, lower
latency, massive connectivity for super-
responsive and reliable networks for customers
‣ Accelerate and consolidate R&D and
innovation base for 5G in Europe. The EIB:
‣ provided loans of a total of EUR 750 mn to Nokia
and Ericsson for development of equipment that
allows for fast migration from 4G to 5G
‣ finances early roll-out of 5G networks
12
EIB approach and areas to tackle insufficient
investment in in Europe (market failures)
:
‣ R&D: accounts for R&D/GDP gap with US and
China
‣ Infrastructure: Economic growth constraints due to
lack of NGN broadband infrastructure
‣ Slower adoption of digital technologies, especially
by smaller firms
‣ Education and skills: lack of ICT experts
‣ Data security: EU is lagging (NSA …)
13
EIB Group Financial tools cover the entire
cycle
14
EIB Digital project examples in Austria
ams AG – Augmented reality in the mountains
‣ Advanced sensor solutions, which you can find in – for example – your iPhone. The company
borrowed
EUR 150m from the Bank to continue their cutting-edge research into sensors.
‣ Sensor technology is changing fast, which makes these operations inherently risky. In terms of
their credit profile, without EFSI this would not have been possible.
Zumtobel AG – The light of Austria
‣ Developer of intelligent lighting systems for professional purposes.
‣ Zumtobel project also contributes to the Bank’s climate action objectives.
‣ "... When you walk into the facilities they have a very high degree of automation, including robot-
supported manufacturing lines, for producing something seemingly as simple as a professional
lamp.”
Bitmovin – Video streaming from Austria
‣ Innovative developer of video streaming technology, to strengthen research and development
(R&D) and product development team in Austria and support investments in sales and marketing
to scale up its distribution network. .
‣ World-leading video streaming services offered directly to viewers over the internet, known as
“over-the-top” (OTT) media services.
‣ Its clients include the BBC, fuboTV, Hulu Japan, RTL and iFlix.
15
EIB venture debt portfolio
16
Examples of broadband lending
IP Only
(Sweden)
2017
EIB loan: € 125m
Linkem
(Italy)
2017
EIB loan: € 60m
Open Fibre
(Italy)
2018
EIB loan: € 350m
Proximus
(Belgium)
2018
EIB loan: € 400m
KPN
(the Netherlands)
2019
EIB loan: € 300m
DNA
(Finland)
2018
EIB loan: € 50m
Cosmote
(Greece)
2017
EIB loan: € 150m
Ericsson
(Sweden)
2017
EIB loan: € 500m
EFSI
EFSI
EFSI
EFSI
EFSI
EFSI
Telecom Malta
Broadband
(Malta)
2019
EIB loan: € 28m
EWE Tel
(Germany)
2018
EIB loan: € 115m
17
CEF Broadband Fund (CEBF)
‣ This EIB-backed infrastructure fund for rural high-speed internet
access is expected to unlock additional investments between
EUR 1 bn and EUR 1.7 bn in broadband deployment in
underserved areas, where very high-capacity networks are not
deployed yet.
‣ CEBF will invest through financing (mostly strong equity minority
positions sought and/or mezzanine/junior debt financing, with a ticket
size between EUR 1 million and EUR 30 million) of broadband
infrastructure investments technically and economically viable
greenfield projects located in grey or white NGA areas.
‣ The Fund is also the first investment platform to support broadband
infrastructure under EFSI, the central pillar of the Investment Plan for
Europe. It is open to the participation of private investors. CEBF
responds to the growing demand for financing of smaller-scale
broadband projects across Europe, which currently do not have easy
access to funding. Support from the Fund will be complementary to
other financing currently available on the market through private or
private financial institutions and to existing EU financial instruments.
18
Delivering the EU’s Climate Bank for the period 2021-2030
19
All activities are Paris aligned by
end 2020
(EIBG)
>50% “CA&ES” by 2025
(EIB)
The EU Climate Bank
3 targets:
1. A commitment to grow sustainable finance from
billions to trillions. By working with our public and private
partners the EIB Group will aim to help unlock at least
EUR 1 trillion of investment by 2030. This will include a
marked increase in support for climate adaptation and
resilience.
2. An increase in EIB’s own financing for climate action
and environmental sustainability (CA&ES). EIB to be
much bolder and aim for 50% for CA&ES by 2025.
3. A commitment to align all the EIB Group’s financing
activities with the principles and goals of the Paris
agreement by the end of 2020. This builds on our 2015
Climate Strategy, which committed us to mainstream
climate change considerations in “everything we do”.
Confidential
Conclusions
• Europe is lagging behind in investments in innovation
and digitalisation.
• Gigabits Society targets for VHC networks are well
justified and necessary for Europe, but are far beyond
what market forces can deliver.
• Public finance can help catalyze the roll out of digital
technologies.
• Role for advisory support for project preparation and
implementation.
• EIB to continue focus on innovation supporting digital
and green, including through blended finance.
20
Thank you!
European Investment Bank Group 21
More information at: www.eib.org
info@eib.org

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Dr. Harald Gruber (Leiter Digitale Infrastruktur EIB)

  • 1. Financing the Digital Economy Austria 2035 Vienna, 20 April 2020 (Video)
  • 2. The European Investment Bank, the EU Bank • Financing partner for the EU Member States and institutions since 1958; • More than 90% of lending is within the EU; • Financial support to projects outside the EU amounted to 10% of EIB lending; • Shareholders: 27 EU Member States; • The EIB contributes to the realisation of investment projects that further the economic, social and political priorities of the EU; • More than 60 years of experience in financing projects; • Around 3 000 staff – not only finance professionals, but also engineers, sector economists and socio-environmental experts. 2
  • 3. EIB Group financing was channeled in these key areas in 2019 ENVIRONMENT EUR 16.5bn INFRASTRUCTURE EUR 15.7bn INNOVATION EUR 14.4bn SME EUR 25.5bn 387.000 SMEs and Mid-Caps 3
  • 4. 2.2 bn 5.1 bn 3.6 bn 6.2 bn 7.1 bn 10.7 bn 10.9 bn 10.2 bn 12.5 bn 18.3 bn 16.5 bn 10.4 bn 9.3 bn 15.6 bn 13.4 bn 16.1 bn 13.5 bn 13.9 bn 13.6 bn 14.5 bn 18 37 27 48 45 56 57 55 73 95 95 66 76 104 108 123 150 237 213 240 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Total number of operations Total Lending volume (EUR m) Total Lending 2000-2019: EUR 224 bn Historical Lending in Innovation & Skills 2000-2019 4
  • 5. EIB Lending in Telecommunication Infrastructure from 2009 -2019 2.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 2.6 2.2 0.9 1.8 1.3 2.2 2.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.2 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 non-EFSI EUR bn 5
  • 6. Market failures hindering digital technologies Universal access to infrastructure Limited appropriability, like R&D, lead to suboptimal investment Adoption barriers due to lack of skills Cybersecurity Market size/market fragmentation 6
  • 7. Adoption of digital technologies by business sector • Key driver of EU competitiveness and economic growth: full realisation of Europe’s digitalisation potential could significantly add to GDP growth • Strong EU industrial base (autonomous driving and IoT/ equipment and machinery) and knowledge (leading EU universities, patents, publications) • Strategic technology: need to establish EU technological leadership • Instrumental to achieve net-zero carbon emissions and other climate action goals • Foster resilience to external shocks (Covid-19,…)
  • 8. Innovation gaps – IoT & Industry 4.0 8 Industry 4.0 – lowering costs & accelerate implementation – Ecosystems / consortia – manufacturers, research organisations, universities – Standards, design rules, compatibility Digital transformation of industry/Industry 4.0 Annual investment gap EUR 150bn Source: Siemens, BCG Nine technologies are transforming industrial production: • Industrial IoT • Additive manufacturing • Autonomous robots • Simulation • Augmented reality • Big data & analytics • Cloud computing • System integration (horizontal & vertical) • Cybersecurity 29/06/2018
  • 9. Adoption of digital technologies by public sector ‣ Key driver for transforming effectiveness in provision of public services ‣ Cope with sociodemographic changes (ageing, economic changes, …) ‣ Foster resilience to external shocks (Covid-19,…)
  • 10. Bethe sda, MD 20817 20817 da, MD 20817 Cybersecurity: Products & Solutions Suppliers (supply side)  with & without US companies 10
  • 11. € bn Further analysis of the required investment: Gigabit Society for Europe: Investments EUR 384 bn by 2025 DAE: 126 bn€ (33%) 5G connectivity: 65 bn€ (17%) Rural connectivity: 94 bn€ (24%) Gigabit connectivity: 98 bn€ (26%) Geotype % Invest. % Pr* Urban 20% 32% Suburban 25% 36% Semi-rural 30% 21% Rural 21% 10% Extreme- rural 4% 1% *Pr = Premises • 72% for wired connections (premises, excl. companies) • 36% in cohesion regions 11
  • 12. 5G Deployment ‣ Fast 5G deployment is crucial. 5G technology is expected to enable faster speeds, lower latency, massive connectivity for super- responsive and reliable networks for customers ‣ Accelerate and consolidate R&D and innovation base for 5G in Europe. The EIB: ‣ provided loans of a total of EUR 750 mn to Nokia and Ericsson for development of equipment that allows for fast migration from 4G to 5G ‣ finances early roll-out of 5G networks 12
  • 13. EIB approach and areas to tackle insufficient investment in in Europe (market failures) : ‣ R&D: accounts for R&D/GDP gap with US and China ‣ Infrastructure: Economic growth constraints due to lack of NGN broadband infrastructure ‣ Slower adoption of digital technologies, especially by smaller firms ‣ Education and skills: lack of ICT experts ‣ Data security: EU is lagging (NSA …) 13
  • 14. EIB Group Financial tools cover the entire cycle 14
  • 15. EIB Digital project examples in Austria ams AG – Augmented reality in the mountains ‣ Advanced sensor solutions, which you can find in – for example – your iPhone. The company borrowed EUR 150m from the Bank to continue their cutting-edge research into sensors. ‣ Sensor technology is changing fast, which makes these operations inherently risky. In terms of their credit profile, without EFSI this would not have been possible. Zumtobel AG – The light of Austria ‣ Developer of intelligent lighting systems for professional purposes. ‣ Zumtobel project also contributes to the Bank’s climate action objectives. ‣ "... When you walk into the facilities they have a very high degree of automation, including robot- supported manufacturing lines, for producing something seemingly as simple as a professional lamp.” Bitmovin – Video streaming from Austria ‣ Innovative developer of video streaming technology, to strengthen research and development (R&D) and product development team in Austria and support investments in sales and marketing to scale up its distribution network. . ‣ World-leading video streaming services offered directly to viewers over the internet, known as “over-the-top” (OTT) media services. ‣ Its clients include the BBC, fuboTV, Hulu Japan, RTL and iFlix. 15
  • 16. EIB venture debt portfolio 16
  • 17. Examples of broadband lending IP Only (Sweden) 2017 EIB loan: € 125m Linkem (Italy) 2017 EIB loan: € 60m Open Fibre (Italy) 2018 EIB loan: € 350m Proximus (Belgium) 2018 EIB loan: € 400m KPN (the Netherlands) 2019 EIB loan: € 300m DNA (Finland) 2018 EIB loan: € 50m Cosmote (Greece) 2017 EIB loan: € 150m Ericsson (Sweden) 2017 EIB loan: € 500m EFSI EFSI EFSI EFSI EFSI EFSI Telecom Malta Broadband (Malta) 2019 EIB loan: € 28m EWE Tel (Germany) 2018 EIB loan: € 115m 17
  • 18. CEF Broadband Fund (CEBF) ‣ This EIB-backed infrastructure fund for rural high-speed internet access is expected to unlock additional investments between EUR 1 bn and EUR 1.7 bn in broadband deployment in underserved areas, where very high-capacity networks are not deployed yet. ‣ CEBF will invest through financing (mostly strong equity minority positions sought and/or mezzanine/junior debt financing, with a ticket size between EUR 1 million and EUR 30 million) of broadband infrastructure investments technically and economically viable greenfield projects located in grey or white NGA areas. ‣ The Fund is also the first investment platform to support broadband infrastructure under EFSI, the central pillar of the Investment Plan for Europe. It is open to the participation of private investors. CEBF responds to the growing demand for financing of smaller-scale broadband projects across Europe, which currently do not have easy access to funding. Support from the Fund will be complementary to other financing currently available on the market through private or private financial institutions and to existing EU financial instruments. 18
  • 19. Delivering the EU’s Climate Bank for the period 2021-2030 19 All activities are Paris aligned by end 2020 (EIBG) >50% “CA&ES” by 2025 (EIB) The EU Climate Bank 3 targets: 1. A commitment to grow sustainable finance from billions to trillions. By working with our public and private partners the EIB Group will aim to help unlock at least EUR 1 trillion of investment by 2030. This will include a marked increase in support for climate adaptation and resilience. 2. An increase in EIB’s own financing for climate action and environmental sustainability (CA&ES). EIB to be much bolder and aim for 50% for CA&ES by 2025. 3. A commitment to align all the EIB Group’s financing activities with the principles and goals of the Paris agreement by the end of 2020. This builds on our 2015 Climate Strategy, which committed us to mainstream climate change considerations in “everything we do”. Confidential
  • 20. Conclusions • Europe is lagging behind in investments in innovation and digitalisation. • Gigabits Society targets for VHC networks are well justified and necessary for Europe, but are far beyond what market forces can deliver. • Public finance can help catalyze the roll out of digital technologies. • Role for advisory support for project preparation and implementation. • EIB to continue focus on innovation supporting digital and green, including through blended finance. 20
  • 21. Thank you! European Investment Bank Group 21 More information at: www.eib.org info@eib.org