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Basic Considerations

Digitisation and Online Presentation
         of Archival Material
Stages

Connection

Presentation

  Storage

Digitisation
Monasterium.net

         Online


      250.000 Charters


    10 Countries
APE

European Archival Portal


28 Countries & ICARUS


Finding aids / Digital objects


Europeana Aggregator
<cei:body>
             <cei:idno id="1230_VI_18"
     old="218000">1230 VI 18</cei:idno>
             <cei:chDesc>
               <cei:abstract>Wichard, Bischof von
     Passau, bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien die
     vorstehende Erwerbung des Patronatsrechtes der
     Pfarre Gaunersdorf.</cei:abstract>
               <cei:issued>
                  <cei:placeName>Passau</cei:placeName>
                  <cei:dateRange to="12300618"
     from="12300618">1230 Juni 18</cei:dateRange>
               </cei:issued>
               <cei:witnessOrig>



                                               {Digital imaging} {Metadata}


DIGITISATION
Digitisation

           Images


Metadata
Digital imaging
Device type

• Fixed Resolution     • Relative Resolution
• Fixed maximum size   • Fixed image size
• Hard to transport    • Might be cheaper
• Probably expensive   • Easy to transport
• Easy to handle       • Flexible use
• Maybe slow speed     • Expert knowledge

Scanner                Camera
Monasterium.net
      Mobile
      scanner

     Imageware
      Bookeye 3

      TIF files
      400 DPI
Bookeye 3




NACR - ŘBB 10
9308 x 13199 Pixel (400 DPI)   Detail: 2 x 2 cm (~300 Pixel)
Resolution: 400 DPI
Problem: Format
Problem: Camera
                                        resolution




Archivio di Stato di Potenza
3008 x 2000 Pixel
Resolution: appr. 150 - 200 DPI
                                   Detail: 2 x 2 cm ( ~180 Pixel)
Metadata

 Access   Create from scratch

  Excel    Import
  XML
          Retro-convert

Content
Creation from scratch
Import
          XML

SQL               TXT



  EXCEL         DOC
Retro-conversion
       Correction

Analogue
Data



                    Storage
    OCR
XML

             Extensible Markup Language



   W3C                         Human      Machine
             Hierarchical
Consortium                    readable    readable



              Dynamic                     Schematic
  1998                       Plain text
              contents                    structure
Metadata

                         Name
First name

         Daniel Jeller

                    Last name
Markup

                Closing Tag
 <name>
     <first>Daniel</first>
<name>Daniel Jeller</name>
<name>Daniel Jeller</name>
     <last>Jeller</last>
 </name>
 Opening Tag
Charters markup
                    <plica>


                              <material>

<issuer>
             CEI
                                  <witness>


           <date>
Different contexts
          Texts
           TEI
Charter             Archives
  CEI                 EAG

          Content
MOM-CEI
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<cei:text xmlns="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei" xmlns:cei="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei"
    b_name="Schotten, OSB" type="charter">
    <cei:front>
        <cei:sourceDesc> </cei:sourceDesc>
    </cei:front>
    <cei:body>
        <cei:idno id="1237_III" old="217399">1237 III</cei:idno>
        <cei:chDesc>
            <cei:abstract>Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien
                das Privilegium Herzog Leopold's V. (VI.) von Österreich in Betreff der Befreiung
                von der Leistung gewisser landesfürstlicher Abgaben.</cei:abstract>
            <cei:issued> </cei:issued>
        </cei:chDesc>
        <cei:witnessOrig>
            <cei:traditioForm>orig.</cei:traditioForm>
            <cei:figure n="StAS__12370300">
                <cei:graphic url="K.._MOM-Bilddateien._~Schottenjpgweb._~StAS__12370300.jpg"
                    >StAS__12370300.jpg</cei:graphic>
            </cei:figure>
            <cei:physicalDesc>
                <cei:material>Pergament</cei:material>
            </cei:physicalDesc>
            <cei:auth>
                <cei:sealDesc>goldene Bulle</cei:sealDesc>
            </cei:auth>
        </cei:witnessOrig>
    </cei:body>
</cei:text>
MOM-CEI
             <cei:abstract> Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und
             bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien das
 Abstract    Privilegium Herzog Leopold's V. (VI.) von Österreich
             in Betreff der Befreiung von der Leistung gewisser
             landesfürstlicher Abgaben. </cei:abstract>


             <cei:figure n="StAS__12370300">
             <cei:graphic url="K.._MOM-
  Image      Bilddateien._~Schottenjpgweb._~StAS__12370300.jpg">
             StAS__12370300.jpg</cei:graphic></cei:figure>




 Physical <cei:physicalDesc>
            <cei:material>Pergament</cei:material>
Description </cei:physicalDesc>
{Data bases} {Standards} {Interoperability}


STORAGE
Storage system
         Queries



         Database


Images              Metadata
Example




Open archival information system
     Swiss National Library
Monasterium.net
        • EAG – Electronic Archival Guide
        • EAD – Electronic Archival
XML
          Description
        • MOM-CEI

        • Native XML Database
        • Adhering Standards
eXist
        • High Performance
        • Good for building Web Apps
{Online database} {Web technologies}


PRESENTATION
MOM-CA
• HTML / PHP                       • Multiple
• Javascript                         Locations
• XML

                 Web-    Image
                 site    server


                 Data-   Search
                 base    queries
• HTTP                             • Prepared
• REST                               xQueries
  Architecture                     • Fast
MOM-CA
                     Archival landscape

                      Virtual collections

                     Powerful search


Collective editing

Metadata markup

Image func tions
{Europeana} {APEx}


CONNECTION
Connection
MOM-CA




            ASPI
APE

                 Mapping
Local                         Conversion
databases     Local data      and
and formats   format to       validation
              APE-EAD
    Export                        Import

                           Aggregation
APE

                    EDM, Digital
                    METS Objects

            EAC-
            CPF
        Record
       Creators         EAD, EAG
                     Archival
Structure          Landscape
APE
Advantages
• Powerful import
• Correct display of archival landscape
• Search through all archives and fonds
• Standard complience
• Easy further sharing
• Direct link to original data providers
Future prospects
{Thanks for your attention}


QUESTIONS

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Digitisation and Online Presentation of Archival Material

  • 1. Basic Considerations Digitisation and Online Presentation of Archival Material
  • 3. Monasterium.net Online 250.000 Charters 10 Countries
  • 4. APE European Archival Portal 28 Countries & ICARUS Finding aids / Digital objects Europeana Aggregator
  • 5. <cei:body> <cei:idno id="1230_VI_18" old="218000">1230 VI 18</cei:idno> <cei:chDesc> <cei:abstract>Wichard, Bischof von Passau, bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien die vorstehende Erwerbung des Patronatsrechtes der Pfarre Gaunersdorf.</cei:abstract> <cei:issued> <cei:placeName>Passau</cei:placeName> <cei:dateRange to="12300618" from="12300618">1230 Juni 18</cei:dateRange> </cei:issued> <cei:witnessOrig> {Digital imaging} {Metadata} DIGITISATION
  • 6. Digitisation Images Metadata
  • 8. Device type • Fixed Resolution • Relative Resolution • Fixed maximum size • Fixed image size • Hard to transport • Might be cheaper • Probably expensive • Easy to transport • Easy to handle • Flexible use • Maybe slow speed • Expert knowledge Scanner Camera
  • 9. Monasterium.net Mobile scanner Imageware Bookeye 3 TIF files 400 DPI
  • 10. Bookeye 3 NACR - ŘBB 10 9308 x 13199 Pixel (400 DPI) Detail: 2 x 2 cm (~300 Pixel) Resolution: 400 DPI
  • 12. Problem: Camera resolution Archivio di Stato di Potenza 3008 x 2000 Pixel Resolution: appr. 150 - 200 DPI Detail: 2 x 2 cm ( ~180 Pixel)
  • 13. Metadata Access Create from scratch Excel Import XML Retro-convert Content
  • 15. Import XML SQL TXT EXCEL DOC
  • 16. Retro-conversion Correction Analogue Data Storage OCR
  • 17. XML Extensible Markup Language W3C Human Machine Hierarchical Consortium readable readable Dynamic Schematic 1998 Plain text contents structure
  • 18. Metadata Name First name Daniel Jeller Last name
  • 19. Markup Closing Tag <name> <first>Daniel</first> <name>Daniel Jeller</name> <name>Daniel Jeller</name> <last>Jeller</last> </name> Opening Tag
  • 20. Charters markup <plica> <material> <issuer> CEI <witness> <date>
  • 21. Different contexts Texts TEI Charter Archives CEI EAG Content
  • 22. MOM-CEI <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <cei:text xmlns="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei" xmlns:cei="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei" b_name="Schotten, OSB" type="charter"> <cei:front> <cei:sourceDesc> </cei:sourceDesc> </cei:front> <cei:body> <cei:idno id="1237_III" old="217399">1237 III</cei:idno> <cei:chDesc> <cei:abstract>Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien das Privilegium Herzog Leopold's V. (VI.) von Österreich in Betreff der Befreiung von der Leistung gewisser landesfürstlicher Abgaben.</cei:abstract> <cei:issued> </cei:issued> </cei:chDesc> <cei:witnessOrig> <cei:traditioForm>orig.</cei:traditioForm> <cei:figure n="StAS__12370300"> <cei:graphic url="K.._MOM-Bilddateien._~Schottenjpgweb._~StAS__12370300.jpg" >StAS__12370300.jpg</cei:graphic> </cei:figure> <cei:physicalDesc> <cei:material>Pergament</cei:material> </cei:physicalDesc> <cei:auth> <cei:sealDesc>goldene Bulle</cei:sealDesc> </cei:auth> </cei:witnessOrig> </cei:body> </cei:text>
  • 23. MOM-CEI <cei:abstract> Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien das Abstract Privilegium Herzog Leopold's V. (VI.) von Österreich in Betreff der Befreiung von der Leistung gewisser landesfürstlicher Abgaben. </cei:abstract> <cei:figure n="StAS__12370300"> <cei:graphic url="K.._MOM- Image Bilddateien._~Schottenjpgweb._~StAS__12370300.jpg"> StAS__12370300.jpg</cei:graphic></cei:figure> Physical <cei:physicalDesc> <cei:material>Pergament</cei:material> Description </cei:physicalDesc>
  • 24. {Data bases} {Standards} {Interoperability} STORAGE
  • 25. Storage system Queries Database Images Metadata
  • 26. Example Open archival information system Swiss National Library
  • 27. Monasterium.net • EAG – Electronic Archival Guide • EAD – Electronic Archival XML Description • MOM-CEI • Native XML Database • Adhering Standards eXist • High Performance • Good for building Web Apps
  • 28. {Online database} {Web technologies} PRESENTATION
  • 29. MOM-CA • HTML / PHP • Multiple • Javascript Locations • XML Web- Image site server Data- Search base queries • HTTP • Prepared • REST xQueries Architecture • Fast
  • 30. MOM-CA Archival landscape Virtual collections Powerful search Collective editing Metadata markup Image func tions
  • 33. APE Mapping Local Conversion databases Local data and and formats format to validation APE-EAD Export Import Aggregation
  • 34. APE EDM, Digital METS Objects EAC- CPF Record Creators EAD, EAG Archival Structure Landscape
  • 35. APE Advantages • Powerful import • Correct display of archival landscape • Search through all archives and fonds • Standard complience • Easy further sharing • Direct link to original data providers
  • 37. {Thanks for your attention} QUESTIONS