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Diese Stellwerktypen gibt es in
Deutschland

Quellen: Deutsche Bahn AG, www.stellwerke.de
Mechanische Stellwerke
• Bedienung: Fahrdienstleiter stellen Signale und
Weichen über Hebel und Drahtzüge mit
Muskelkraft
• Stellbezirke: relativ klein, da die Fahrdienstleiter
sie vom Stellwerk aus überblicken können
müssen und die Reichweite der Drahtzüge
begrenzt ist (Weichen bis zu 800 Meter, Signale
maximal 1.800 Meter)
• Einsatzzeit: seit Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts
Elektromechanische Stellwerke
• Bedienung: Fahrdienstleiter stellen Weichen und
Signale über Hebel. Allerdings haben die Hebel
nur noch Schalterfunktion: Sie setzen Motoren in
Gang, die dann Weichen und Signale bewegen.
Die Arbeit der Fahrdienstleiter ist deshalb
körperlich weniger anstrengend.
• Stellbezirke: relativ klein, da die Fahrdienstleiter
sie vom Stellwerk aus überblicken können
müssen
• Einsatzzeit: seit Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts
Relaisstellwerke
(Spurplan- und Drucktastenstellwerke)
• Bedienung: Fahrdienstleiter leiten elektrische
Stellvorgänge über Tasten ein
• Stellbezirke: bis zu sieben Kilometer
• Einsatzzeit: seit 1949
Elektronische Stellwerke
• Bedienung: hohe Automatisierung, Signale
und Weichen werden per Rechner gestellt
• Stellbezirke: prinzipiell landesweit. Meist sind
die Bereiche aber wesentlich kleiner.
• Einsatzzeit: seit 1986
Verhältnis der noch aktiven
Stellwerke
Mechanische Stellwerke

32,6 %

Elektromechanische Stellwerke

11,3 %

Relaisstellwerke

42,5 %

Elekronische Stellwerke

13,2 %

unbekannt/sonstige Stellwerke

0,5 %
0

10

20

30

40

Quelle: www.stellwerke.de (Stand: 12.10.2012)

50

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Diese Stellwerke gibt es in Deutschland

  • 1. Diese Stellwerktypen gibt es in Deutschland Quellen: Deutsche Bahn AG, www.stellwerke.de
  • 2. Mechanische Stellwerke • Bedienung: Fahrdienstleiter stellen Signale und Weichen über Hebel und Drahtzüge mit Muskelkraft • Stellbezirke: relativ klein, da die Fahrdienstleiter sie vom Stellwerk aus überblicken können müssen und die Reichweite der Drahtzüge begrenzt ist (Weichen bis zu 800 Meter, Signale maximal 1.800 Meter) • Einsatzzeit: seit Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts
  • 3. Elektromechanische Stellwerke • Bedienung: Fahrdienstleiter stellen Weichen und Signale über Hebel. Allerdings haben die Hebel nur noch Schalterfunktion: Sie setzen Motoren in Gang, die dann Weichen und Signale bewegen. Die Arbeit der Fahrdienstleiter ist deshalb körperlich weniger anstrengend. • Stellbezirke: relativ klein, da die Fahrdienstleiter sie vom Stellwerk aus überblicken können müssen • Einsatzzeit: seit Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts
  • 4. Relaisstellwerke (Spurplan- und Drucktastenstellwerke) • Bedienung: Fahrdienstleiter leiten elektrische Stellvorgänge über Tasten ein • Stellbezirke: bis zu sieben Kilometer • Einsatzzeit: seit 1949
  • 5. Elektronische Stellwerke • Bedienung: hohe Automatisierung, Signale und Weichen werden per Rechner gestellt • Stellbezirke: prinzipiell landesweit. Meist sind die Bereiche aber wesentlich kleiner. • Einsatzzeit: seit 1986
  • 6. Verhältnis der noch aktiven Stellwerke Mechanische Stellwerke 32,6 % Elektromechanische Stellwerke 11,3 % Relaisstellwerke 42,5 % Elekronische Stellwerke 13,2 % unbekannt/sonstige Stellwerke 0,5 % 0 10 20 30 40 Quelle: www.stellwerke.de (Stand: 12.10.2012) 50