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Naxalism in india
Naxalism in india
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Terrorism vs Naxalism

  1. 1. Terrorism vs Naxalism
  2. 2. Presentation Road Map What is Terrorism Elements of terrorism Potential targets Crisis Management Types of Terrorist incidents What is Naxalism? Spread of Naxalism Areas affected by it Government Policies Comparison Conclusion
  3. 3. What is Terrorism? “The unlawful use of force against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, civilian population, or any segment thereof, in the furtherance of political or social objectives.”
  4. 4. The three common elements of terrorist acts: Illegal use of force Intended to intimidate or coerce Political Instability
  5. 5. POTENTIAL TARGETS • Government facilities • Public assembly buildings • Mass transit systems • Symbolic Sites
  6. 6. CRISIS MANAGEMENT Military/Law Enforcement Response: Measures to identify, acquire and plan use of all resources needed to anticipate, prevent and/or resolve a threat or act of terror.
  7. 7. CATEGORIES Terrorist Incidents Biological Nuclear Incendiary Chemical Explosive
  8. 8. COMMON BIOLOGICAL AGENTS Biological agent Bacteria Rickettsia Toxins Viruses
  9. 9. THE NUCLEAR THREAT Alpha • Internal hazard if radioactive particles are ingested by eating, drinking or breathing Beta • Generally will not reach inner organs • May enter through unprotected open wounds, cause skin burns Gamma • Produces acute symptoms • Skin burns • Nausea • Vomiting • Fever • Hair loss
  10. 10. INCENDIARY INCIDENTS An incendiary device is any mechanical, electrical or chemical device used intentionally to initiate combustion and start a fire.
  11. 11. CHEMICAL INCIDENTS # NERVE AGENTS: disrupt the central nervous system # BLISTER AGENTS (VESICANTS): cause severe burns # BLOOD AGENTS: interrupts Hemoglobin transport # CHOKING AGENTS: stress respiratory system # IRRITATING AGENTS: incapacitates by causing: - tearing - respiratory distress - pain
  12. 12. Explosive Agents E-mail threats are more difficult to trace. All bomb threats should be considered “real.” Telephone bomb threats are most common
  13. 13. Safety & Concerns • Be alert for suspicious activity. • Notify authorities. • Follow instructions. • Don’t add to the problem. • Leave the area when instructed. • Protect yourself.
  14. 14. Laws & Prosecution The laws of a particular country plays a vital role in handling terrorism. But sadly the number of prosecutions are very low when compared to the attacks.
  15. 15. Source: www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty
  16. 16. WHAT IS NAXALISM? Come from the village of Naxalbari in West Bengal, where the movement originated. Origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India
  17. 17. Spread of Naxalism Spread into less developed areas of rural central and eastern India. • Such as Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh Growing in the undeveloped areas because of extreme poverty, unemployment and the collapse of the state structure • Government has failed to provide basic human needs.
  18. 18. Present Context of Naxal Movement and violence Today, several areas including : -  Andhra Pradesh  Bihar  Chhattisgarh  Jharkhand  Karnataka  Kerala  Madhya Pradesh  Maharashtra  Orissa  Tamil Nadu  Uttar Pradesh  Uttarakhand and  West Bengal
  19. 19. GOVERNMENT POLICIES Naxalism 2009 - Operation Green Hunt. Objective of cleansing naxalism from the Indian main land. More a social and political problem than a law and order problem.
  20. 20. • The government has also initiated publicity campaigns in order to garner support from the general public in their efforts to crack down on the naxals. • Government also allocates a separate amount for the development of these areas.
  21. 21. Naxalism Terrorism
  22. 22. Terrorism vs Naxalism Terrorism is violence done deliberately and indiscrminately. Naxalism is violence done deliberately but discriminatory. Terrorism – Target is the civil people. Naxalism – Target is the government system.
  23. 23. • Terrorism can be ideology or religion based. • Naxalism is a political movement done to protest against the discriminatory nature of the government.
  24. 24. • Objective of Terrorism is Political Instability. • Objective of Naxalism is removal of the state. • Prominent examples of terrorism are Indian Mujahideen, Al Kaeda, etc. • Naxalists are the tribal people from states such as Orissa, Chhattisgarh, etc.
  25. 25. Conclusion A particular conclusion cannot be drawn on this topic as it is an arguable topic which requires open minded and rational thinking.
  26. 26. Thank You

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