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Lesson ObjectivesAll Learners will be able to:• Discuss the literal and golden rule in depth with case-law references.• Define the mischief rule and make reference to case-law.• Understand what the purposive approach is and list some case-law.Most learners will be able to:• Demonstrate understanding of case-law in relation to the purposive approach.Some learners will be able to:• Critically analyse the development of statutory interpretation.
HOMEWORK!Hand in your practice answer to exam question : 1a, b and c (except Matthew, Mitchell and Ollie), and question 2c for ALL. Failure to hand in an answer, will result in an incomplete task on progress report. Colin will be reviewing all student progress reports.
What are the Dis/Advantages of the Purposive Approach? In pairs, consider the advantages anddisadvantages of this approach. Refer to case- law for direction. (5 mins)
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGESWill see far fewer absurd results using a Can question what the ‘intention ofpurposive approach. Parliament’ means. Does it mean that Parliament passed the Act, or those members who voted with the majority., or those who were present during the debates?Witnessing a genuine intent to bring Knowing which approach is likely to beabout justice. taken – lack of clarity will cause inconsistency in results.Judges look beyond the “gap” that Even though most of the Judges in theParliament had meant to achieve at the House of Lords disapproved of the case oftime of legislating. “R v Registrar of State” 2 judges had approved of it. Unelected judges can’t make the Law as this can create uncertainty.
LAW Teams of 3 each.Assign a Team Name and Sound Let the game begin!
Law?Section 1(1) of the Abortion Act 1967 states that ‘a person shall not be guilty of an offence under the law relating to abortion when a pregnancy is terminated by a registered medical practitioner…’ Facts? Held?
Facts? 1984. Law?that it would be an offence to sell such a video where the seller had reason to believe the buyer was under age; on the facts, this applied to the checkout operator but not to the company itself. Held?
Law?Concerned s.51 of the Adoption Act 1976 which enables a person to obtain details of his birth certificate when reaching 18 years of age. Facts? Held?
Quick recap of last 3 lessons Write the answers down yourself, you have 10 mins.1. Reason why statutes may require interpretation?2. What is the Euisdem Generis rule? Examples?3. What are Extrinsic/Intrinsic aids?4. What is the literal rule? – case example?5. What is the golden rule? Case example?6. What are the two approaches in golden rule? Define?7. Case example of wide approach?8. Case example of narrow approach?9. What are the ad/dis of literal rule?10. What are the ad/dis of golden rule?11. What is the mischief rule?12. What is the KEY case with the four rules from the mischief rule?13. What are the four rules from the above case?14. List case-law for mischief rule.15. What is the purposive approach? List some case-law.16. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this approach?