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LEGAL
CONSIDERATIONS
FOR PLATFORMS
CC GLOBAL SUMMIT: OCTOBER 2015
TERMS OF SERVICE (TOS) =
PARAMETERS FOR USE OF A
PARTICULAR PLATFORM.
CC’S ROLE = THINK ABOUT
HOW THOSE TOS AFFECT THE
BRO...
TWO MOST COMMON TERMS OF
SERVICE ISSUES
#1 Platform requires a direct
license for all content, rather than
relying upon th...
TOS ISSUE #1: DIRECT LICENSE
TO PLATFORM
What is the problem? (in theory & practice)
Can CC fix it by changing the license...
SAMPLE PLATFORM FIX
“If you provide any content to [the platform], you grant
[the platform] a non-exclusive, royalty-free ...
TOS ISSUE #2: ADDITIONAL
RESTRICTIONS ON CONTENT
What is the problem? (in theory & practice)
Can CC fix the problem with i...
SAMPLE PLATFORM FIX
“For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this Agreement is
designed to prevent you from reusing content...
OTHER ISSUES WITH PLATFORMS
AND TOS
-Platforms change their TOS all the
time.
-TOS compete with public licenses.
-Platform...
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Legal considerations for platforms

CC Global Summit presentation in Seoul, Korea. October 2015.

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Legal considerations for platforms

  1. 1. LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PLATFORMS CC GLOBAL SUMMIT: OCTOBER 2015
  2. 2. TERMS OF SERVICE (TOS) = PARAMETERS FOR USE OF A PARTICULAR PLATFORM. CC’S ROLE = THINK ABOUT HOW THOSE TOS AFFECT THE BROADER COMMONS.
  3. 3. TWO MOST COMMON TERMS OF SERVICE ISSUES #1 Platform requires a direct license for all content, rather than relying upon the CC license. Example: “[Y]ou grant us a non- exclusive, transferable, sub- licensable, royalty-free, worldwide license to use any IP content that you post on or in connection with Facebook.” #2 Platform imposes restrictions on content that contradict what is allowed by the terms of the CC license on the content. Examples appear in all different forms: prohibiting downloads, prohibiting commercial use, requiring attribution that goes above what is required by the CC license, etc.
  4. 4. TOS ISSUE #1: DIRECT LICENSE TO PLATFORM What is the problem? (in theory & practice) Can CC fix it by changing the licenses? How can platforms fix the problem?
  5. 5. SAMPLE PLATFORM FIX “If you provide any content to [the platform], you grant [the platform] a non-exclusive, royalty-free right to use that content, unless the content is not owned by you, in which case you represent and warrant that such content is in the public domain or available under a Creative Commons license or other terms permitting upload to [the platform].”
  6. 6. TOS ISSUE #2: ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS ON CONTENT What is the problem? (in theory & practice) Can CC fix the problem with its licenses or policies? How can platforms fix the problem?
  7. 7. SAMPLE PLATFORM FIX “For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this Agreement is designed to prevent you from reusing content available under a Creative Commons license according to the terms and conditions of the applicable license.”
  8. 8. OTHER ISSUES WITH PLATFORMS AND TOS -Platforms change their TOS all the time. -TOS compete with public licenses. -Platforms want users to license them separately. -They offer a limited set of public licenses (if any). -They can make attribution difficult (where are the permanent links? what if one is uploading for others?) -They can require registration before download. -They can convert files; they may hide originals. Possible solution: Self/communal hosting with FLOSS; e.g., use GNU Media Goblin for sharing photos

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