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ModularCity:
Including a Social Perspective into Urban Planning
Using Geographic Informational Survey Techniques
Prof . Ha...
Research Context
Research Project ‘modularCity’
Urban Planning in Switzerland:
Guiding framework of technical and financia...
Online-Survey in Langenthal:
Goals
1. Evaluation of the use and assessment of the
“Marketplace area” (=area of interest) b...
Online-Survey in Langenthal:
Procedure
1. Definition of planning perimeter and
sample
2. Construction of surveying tool an...
Area of interest
5
Marketplace area:
•Planning perimeter (red)
•Area of influence (green)
Facts & Figures:
834 households
...
Online-Survey in Langenthal:
Questionnaire
1. Inhabitant / trader / working in administration
2. Subjective Definition the...
Online-Survey in Langenthal :
Implementation
• Survey Contents / Questionnaire: School of
Social Work
• Programming and ge...
Online Survey: Statistics
• Invitation delivered to 834 households;
524 institutions/businesses, 30 administration
units
...
Defining the perimeter of «Marketplace area»
9
Defining the perimeter of «Marketplace area»
10
< 30 years 30 < 50 years > 50 years
Transportation means and ways
11
Transportation means and ways
12
Activities on «Marketplace area»
13
Activities on «Marketplace area»
14
Positive and negative connotations / places
15
Positive and negative connotations / places
16
Positive Connotations Negative Connotations
Qualities and Athmospheres
17
Qualities and Athmospheres
18
Positive Locations Negative Locations
Problems and Opportunities
19
Problems and Opportunities
20
Opportunities Problems
Findings and conclusion (I)
• Successful «proof of concept» for online survey
integrating / fostering public participation...
Findings and conclusion (II)
• Standardization of socio-spatial analysis techniques 
representative and replicable result...
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Including a Social Perspective into Urban Planning Using Geographic Informational Survey Techniques

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Including a Social Perspective into Urban Planning Using Geographic Informational Survey Techniques

  1. 1. ModularCity: Including a Social Perspective into Urban Planning Using Geographic Informational Survey Techniques Prof . Hans-Jörg Stark hansjoerg.stark@fhnw.ch Tanja Klöti & Carlo Fabian tanja.kloeti@fhnw.ch, carlo.fabian@fhnw.ch Markus Zahnd markus.zahnd@langenthal.ch
  2. 2. Research Context Research Project ‘modularCity’ Urban Planning in Switzerland: Guiding framework of technical and financial parameters to ensure a controlled development of city districts Goal: additionally include social perspectives AND user participation (break up expertocratic process) Difficulty: Social factors are multidimensional information 2
  3. 3. Online-Survey in Langenthal: Goals 1. Evaluation of the use and assessment of the “Marketplace area” (=area of interest) by inhabitants and local traders 2. Enhanced discussion basis to work out a development strategy for the area of interest 3. Development and testing of a new tool for municipal site development:  Online-Survey with geospatial reference  Evaluation and Visualisation with GIS methods  Integration of findings into the «3D-Social-modell» of the City of Langenthal 3
  4. 4. Online-Survey in Langenthal: Procedure 1. Definition of planning perimeter and sample 2. Construction of surveying tool and definition of themes/questionnaire 3. Conducting online survey 4. Evaluation, Processing, Visualization of data 5. Interdisciplinary Analysis and Interpretation 4
  5. 5. Area of interest 5 Marketplace area: •Planning perimeter (red) •Area of influence (green) Facts & Figures: 834 households 1’582 inhabitants 524 businesses
  6. 6. Online-Survey in Langenthal: Questionnaire 1. Inhabitant / trader / working in administration 2. Subjective Definition the perimeter of «Marketplace area» 3. Crossing «Marketplace area»: Transportation means and ways 4. Activities on «Marketplace area» 5. Positive and negative connotations / places on «Marketplace area» 6. Qualities and Atmospheres on «Marketplace area» 7. Problems and Opportunities on «Marketplace area» 8. Personal Information 6
  7. 7. Online-Survey in Langenthal : Implementation • Survey Contents / Questionnaire: School of Social Work • Programming and geospatial reference: School of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Institute of Geomatics Engineering • Letter and invitation: City of Langenthal • Survey Period: June 18 to July 16 2013 7
  8. 8. Online Survey: Statistics • Invitation delivered to 834 households; 524 institutions/businesses, 30 administration units  Completed at least first question: - 234 households (37%) - 66 institutions/businesses (26%) - 72 institutions/businesses & households - 14 administration units(46%) • With ongoing survey reduced participation 8
  9. 9. Defining the perimeter of «Marketplace area» 9
  10. 10. Defining the perimeter of «Marketplace area» 10 < 30 years 30 < 50 years > 50 years
  11. 11. Transportation means and ways 11
  12. 12. Transportation means and ways 12
  13. 13. Activities on «Marketplace area» 13
  14. 14. Activities on «Marketplace area» 14
  15. 15. Positive and negative connotations / places 15
  16. 16. Positive and negative connotations / places 16 Positive Connotations Negative Connotations
  17. 17. Qualities and Athmospheres 17
  18. 18. Qualities and Athmospheres 18 Positive Locations Negative Locations
  19. 19. Problems and Opportunities 19
  20. 20. Problems and Opportunities 20 Opportunities Problems
  21. 21. Findings and conclusion (I) • Successful «proof of concept» for online survey integrating / fostering public participation • BUT: still potential for higher participation • «Spatial enabling» multidimensional social factors have high potential (especially in interdisciplinary projects) • Survey data relatively easily integrateable into GIS • Very valuable information for local council – stimulates discussion and solution finding process 21
  22. 22. Findings and conclusion (II) • Standardization of socio-spatial analysis techniques  representative and replicable results • contextualization of future area planning projects by integrating the subjective perspective of residents and (future)area users  allows more sustainable and need-oriented planning • democratization of planning processes enhances cooperation between communal administration, planning experts and population 22

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