It tells about the moral values of our life. If one can want to live life with peace he should study this dynamic text.
It tells us about the feeling of brotherhood, which is more important in this period.
3. The Mahabharata has the honor of being the
longest epic in world literature, 100,000 2-
line stanzas making it eight times as long as
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey together, and
over 3 times as long as the Bible. The
Mahabharata resembles a long journey with
many side roads and detours. It is said that
“Whatever is here is found elsewhere. But
whatever is not here is nowhere else.”
5. The Supreme Lord Krishna describes the
science of self-realization and the exact
process by which a human being can establish
their eternal relationship with .It is glorified
as the epitome of all spiritual teachings. This
is because proficiency in the Bhagavad- Gita
reveals the eternal principles which are
fundamental and essential for spiritual life
from all perspectives and allows one to
perfectly understand the esoteric truths
hidden within all religious scriptures.
7. Vyasa : narrator of the story and father of Pandu and Dhritarashtra
BHISH-ma: half-uncle by marriage of Pandu and Dhritarashtra
Dhri-ta-RASH-tra: blind king, father of Duryodhana and the
GAN-dhari: wife of Dhritarashtra
KUN-ti: wife of Pandu and mother to the five Pandavas and Karna
Yu-DHISH-thira: leader of the Pandavas, rightful heir to the throne
BHI-ma: strongest of the Pandava brothers
AR-juna: mightiest of warriors
NA-kula and Saha-DE-va: Pandava twins
DRAU-pa-di: wife to the five Pandavas
Du-ry-ODH-ana: leader of the Kauravas
Duh-SA-sa-na: brother to Duryodhana
KRISH-na: supporter of the Pandavas and avatar of Vishnu
DRO-na: teacher of the Pandavas and Kauravas
KAR-na: warrior, secret son of Kunti, ally of the Kauravas
9. The first three of the Pandavas
were the sons of Kunti,( Pandu's
first wife) and the younger two
were the sons of Madri (Pandu's
second wife). Thus, Yudhisthira
was the son of Dharma, the god of
righteousness; Bhima the son of
Vayu, the wind-god; Arjuna the
son of Indra, the sky-god; and
Nakula and Sahadeva the sons of
the Ashwini Gods. Karna was also
born of Kunti Devi, and was the
son of Surya, the Sun God.
The first jar was opened the first
baby was born and was named
"Duryodhana" which means "the
unconquerable one" or "difficult to
fight with". At the same
time Bhima was born to Kunti in the
Another son of Dhritarashtra
was from a Vysya servant Sukhada
named Yuyutsu was born on the
same day as Bhima and
The other children of Gandhari
were taken out of the jars and now
Gandhari had one hundred sons and
a daughter called Duhsala. All the
children grew up to be strong and
10. Kauravas and Pandavas learned the use of various
weapons and the art of war from Drona.
Arjuna was were very valiant in the battle slay
Drona and a girl who would marry Arjun. His
efforts bore fruit and he had a son named
Dhrishtadyumna who killed Drona in the war of
Mahabharata. He also had a daughter Draupadi
who married the Pandavas.
Education of pandavas
12. After the deaths of their mother (Madri) and father
(Pandu), the Pandavas and their mother Kunti
return to the palace of Hastinapur. Dhritarashtra
wanted his own son Duryodhana to become king
and lets his ambition get in the way of preserving
Shakuni calls the architect Purochana to build a
palace out of flammable materials like lac and ghee.
He then arranges for the Pandavas and the Queen
Mother Kunti to stay there . However, the
Pandavas are warned by their wise uncle, Vidura,
who sends them a miner to dig a tunnel. They are
able to escape to safety and go into hiding. Back at
Hastinapur, the Pandavas and Kunti are presumed
13. Arjuna piercing the eye of the fish as depicted
in chennakesava temple built by hoysala empire .
While they were in hiding the Pandavas learn of
a swayamvara which is taking place for the hand of
the Pāñcāla princess Draupadi. The task is to string
a mighty steel bow and shoot a target on the ceiling,
which is the eye of a moving artificial fish, while
looking at its reflection in oil below. Most of the
princes fail ,Arjuna succeeds however. The
Pandavas return home
14. Shakuni, Duryodhana's uncle, now arranges a dice game,
playing against Yudhishtira with loaded dice. Yudhishtira loses
all his wealth, then his kingdom. The jubilant Kauravas insult
the Pandavas in their helpless state and even try to disrobe
Draupadi in front of the entire court, but her honour is saved by
Krishna who miraculously creates lengths of cloth to replace the
ones being removed.
The Pandavas are required to go into exile for 12 years, and in
the 13th year must remain hidden. If discovered by the
Kauravas, they will be forced into exile for another 12 years.
17. Duryodhana orders Dushasana to disrobe Draupadi
and he tries to disrobe Draupadi of her sari. Draupadi
prays to Lord Krishna to protect her.
As Dushasana unwraps layers and layers of her sari,
her sari keeps getting extended.
Duryodhana repeatedly challenges Yudhishthira's
four brothers to disassociate themselves from
Yudhishthira's authority and take their wife back.
No one dares to denounce their loyalty to their eldest
Duryodhana bares and pats his thigh looking into
Draupadi's eyes, implying that she should sit on his
19. To give Kauravas a final chance Shri
Krishna tried to mediate but the Kauravas
were blind with arrogance and power and
tried to even arrest Shri Krishna.
He demanded 5 villages for the pandavas :
21. After nine days of fighting, the Pandavas visit Bhishma
by night; they tell him that, unless he is killed in the
war, the carnage will carry on until the end of the
When asked how he can be defeated, he advises them
to place Sikhandi in the front line, from where he will
be able to fire freely at Bhishma.
Against the rules of war, the Pandavas strike the
unarmed warrior with thousands of arrows.
There is no space on his body thicker than two fingers
that is not pierced.
Bhishma does not actually die until much later, at his
Bhishma remains lying on a bed of arrows until the
end of the battle.
22. Brahmanical norms
1. Eklavya wants to be the
student of drona but drona
refuses . Then he make a
statue of drona and start
practicing . At last guru
drona tell him to give his
thumb as guru dakshina .
2. If he don’t accept him as his
student then why he take
guru dakshina from
1. Arjun won draupadi in
swayamwar , and pandavas
return back to home . Kunti
, as arjun says , does not
move her head back and
ordered them to share it .
2. No women can have more
than 1 husband , except
draupadi . It was an
example of polyandry …
1. Hidimba , a rakshasi , wanted
to marry bhim . But he refused
to marry . Later he was insisted
by his family . Then bhim and
hidimba get marry .
2. It was an example of inter-caste
30. Whatever happened, it happened for good.
Whatever is happening, is happening for good.
Whatever that will happen, it will be for good.
What have you lost for which you cry?
What did you bring with you, which you have
What did you produce, which has destroyed?
You did not bring anything when you were
Whatever you have, you have received from
Whatever you will give, you will give to Him.
You came empty handed and
you will go the same way.
Whatever is yours today was somebody else’s
yesterday and will be somebody else’s
Change is the law of the universe.
1.It tells about the moral values of our life. If
one can want to live life with peace he should
study this dynamic text.
2.It tells us about the feeling of brotherhood,
which is more important in this period.
3.It tells us to do the respect of mothers. As no
one can understand the sacrifices of mothers.
4.It tells us to do the respect of our teachers, as
they shows us the way to right path.