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HIV 101 Wihan

HIV education presentation for women of faith

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HIV 101 Wihan

  1. 1. HIV/AIDS An overview of HIV/AIDS, how it affects our community, and ways for you to get involved
  2. 2. HIV Basics <ul><li>Human </li></ul><ul><li>Only humans get it and pass it to other humans </li></ul><ul><li>Immunodeficiency </li></ul><ul><li>The virus attacks the immune system and can make it weak </li></ul><ul><li>Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Can be passed from one person to another </li></ul><ul><li>No virus is curable </li></ul>
  3. 3. AIDS <ul><li>Acquired </li></ul><ul><li>You have to get it from someone else </li></ul><ul><li>Immune </li></ul><ul><li>Affects the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>It weakens the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>A syndrome is a set of characteristics that suggest the presence of a disease </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is the Difference <ul><li>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>A person can never have AIDS without being infected with HIV </li></ul><ul><li>HIV can be transmitted from person to person </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS is a set of conditions </li></ul><ul><li>A person who has AIDS must Be HIV positive </li></ul><ul><li>Have a CD4 count less than 200 or </li></ul><ul><li>Be diagnosed with one of 26 opportunistic infections </li></ul>
  5. 5. HIV Transmission <ul><li>Unprotected Oral sex </li></ul><ul><li>Unprotected Vaginal sex </li></ul><ul><li>Unprotected Anal sex </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fluids that Transmit HIV <ul><li>Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Semen </li></ul><ul><li>Breast Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal Fluids </li></ul>
  7. 7. HIV Testing <ul><li>3 different types of testing: Blood, OraSure, and OraQuick </li></ul><ul><li>Testing by state law should take at least 20 minutes and in that time the test counselor will discuss risk behavior and prevention plan </li></ul><ul><li>The test looks for HIV antibodies present in the body NOT HIV itself </li></ul>
  8. 8. HIV Testing Cont. <ul><li>Window period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If exposed, on average people test positive by 4 weeks (25 days)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If exposed, most people will test positive by 3 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anonymous versus Confidential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous gives an individual an identification number, confidential requires identifying information </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Michigan Laws regarding HIV/AIDS <ul><li>The disclosure law states that once you know your HIV status, if you test positive, you have to notify future sexual or needle sharing partners before having sex or share needles with them. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Michigan Laws Regarding HIV/AIDS cont. <ul><li>Since 1988, Michigan law has required health care workers who attend pregnant women to perform HIV testing, unless the woman does not consent to testing, or if the test is deemed medically inadvisable. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV testing is required at the initial prenatal care visit and is strongly recommended to be performed again in the third trimester </li></ul><ul><li>Treating pregnant women protects infants with appropriate treatment and intervention perinatal transmission rates can be reduced to less than 2% </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prevalence in United States <ul><li>Sex of adults and adolescences with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/At-A-Glance.htm </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prevalence in United States Cont. <ul><li>Race/Ethnicity of persons (including children with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/At-A-Glance.htm </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prevalence in the State of Michigan Male-Male Sex 46% M-M Sex/IDU 5% IDU 14% Blood Exp. 1% Perinatal 1% Hetero. 13% Undeterm, Presumed Hetero 15% Undeterm, Other 5%
  14. 14. White Females Living with HIV/AIDS in MI by Mode of Transmission n=558 IDU 19% Heterosexual 52% Blood Exposure 2% Perinatal 2% Undeterm, Presumed Hetero 22% Undeterm, Other 4%
  15. 15. Black Females Living with HIV/AIDS in MI by Mode of Transmission n=2,036 Heterosexual 38% Injecting Drug Use 25% Perinatal 3% Undeterm, Presumed Hetero 29% Undeterm, Other 6% Blood Exp 1%
  16. 16. Prevalence in Washtenaw County <ul><li>Highest zip codes for new HIV cases: </li></ul><ul><li>2005 2006 2007 </li></ul>48197 52% 21% 31% 48198 15% 34% 27%
  17. 17. Stigma <ul><li>What is stigma: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything that labels someone as unacceptable or inferior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated in various forms such as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blame </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shame </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insult </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rumors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homophobia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan of Action: The Ecumenical response to HIV/AIDS in African World Council of Churches 2001. available on http:www.wxx-coe.org/wcc/news/pres/01/hiv-aids-plan.html </li></ul>
  18. 18. Combat HIV/AIDS Stigma in your community <ul><li>Understand that HIV/AIDS is an “us” and not a “them” issue. HIV/AIDS affects us all </li></ul><ul><li>Base statements on real experiences and facts not idealistic expectations about human behavior or rumors </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage theological and ethical reflection on HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Pray for people living with HIV/AIDS opening in your congregation </li></ul><ul><li>Preach and talk about HIV in a loving non judgmental way </li></ul>
  19. 19. How to get involved <ul><li>In your local congregation/faith assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate educational seminars and provide HIV/AIDS prevention material </li></ul><ul><li>Confront stigmatizing messages in the media, your congregation, and community </li></ul><ul><li>Promote HIV testing at your church, and as an example, each of you could go through the HIV testing process </li></ul>
  20. 20. How to get involved cont. <ul><li>Partner with other AIDS organizations and become a community advocate for those living with HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with other faith-based organizations and leaders from the community to promote HIV/AIDS education, advocacy, and awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Stay committed and remember to work as a team </li></ul>
  21. 21. WIHAN <ul><li>Washtenaw Interfaith HIV/AIDS Network </li></ul><ul><li>We are committed to gathering spiritual people interested in bringing comfort to those with HIV/AIDS and increasing awareness about HIV/AIDS </li></ul>
  22. 22. WIHAN <ul><li>Services we provide: </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral Care- we collaborate with humanitarian organizations to provide food, clothing, transportation, home cleaning, cooking, and friendly presence for people living with HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness- we provide forums to the faith based community to educate about HIV/AIDS and to identify ways of helping those suffering from HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy- we advocate for local, state, national, and international government interventions to solve the HIV/AIDS crisis </li></ul>
  23. 23. For Additional Information <ul><li>Please visit </li></ul><ul><li>www.wihan.org </li></ul><ul><li>as well as </li></ul><ul><li>www.mihivnews.com </li></ul>

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  • Mhankay5

    Sep. 18, 2018

HIV education presentation for women of faith

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