4. Old age may bring on a need of mental sharpness. This
can take place because of physical weakness. Deserted
mind, especially God almighty's word abandoned, there
will be a breakdown of the attitude. There is an
embarrassment in old age to life from the viewpoint of
success standards. Someone looks back and views life
as a breakdown. Maybe he set ambitions, and now he is
old and never understood the goals. There is an
enormous danger of disenchantment. There is a leaning
for great augment in mental attitude signs in old age,
with stress on criticism and judgment. All these
overlooked in youth; it is terrible on elderly.
5. he older believer may have stopped up growing religiously, or
worse, may for no reason have got started. There is, therefore,
no learning, no pursuit with God, no longing for the Word life.
There is a propensity to vegetate, to become tired, to rely on
the learning done years before. There can be a predisposition
toward the negatives of Titus 2:3, becoming fake accusers,
rumors, evil speakers, cruel in criticism.
6. There is a trend in the midst of older believers to drink a
lot when they don't have something else going for them.
There is the inclination to imagine that getting older
means that a person has some wisdom. So there is the
talkative senior citizen who never stops talking and
impose continuous boredom on his listeners with his
tired expression and homely chatter.
7. Old Age - Lack of Self-confidence
There is habitually a lack of self-confidence in old age,
particularly if the old people can't take care of
themselves monetarily. Their children are in the chief of
their lives and repeatedly the children's plans do not
include them. Old age may bring a lack of ability to
concentrate, forgetfulness, inability to speak, to hear, to
see etc. So the old individual gets used to sitting in a
chair as pensiveness, vegetating, saying nothing.
8. Old Age - Lack of Reason to Live
There is occasionally a lack of reason to live, too much
redundant time, and too much time for belligerent. There
may be a craving to travel but no means to do so. There
is a lack of important things to do. Old age brings about
future shock. Senior citizen finds himself out of phase
with the younger generations of children and
grandchildren. Therefore a hazardous trend can get
started toward hypercriticism.
9. Personality Disorder
Old Age Personality Problems
Personality disorders can appear at any time, including old age. Approximately 10% of
older adults living at the house may have a personality disorder. This number is
even higher among older adults living in nursing/old age homes. Old age
personality problems are involving annoyance with self. The severe inferiority
complex is with the overstated way of compensating. These unfortunate seniors need
the inspiring influence of charity and love in their lives. It is very complicated for the
extremely selfish or self-centered person to love himself or anyone else, until he
realizes worry and charity for others. Then he may overlook himself and begin to love
Personality problems concerning the world at large are likely to be found in the neverdo-wells, the alcoholics, and a person with very shallow personalities. The great need
of this person is the fulfillment enjoyed from the hard work done. Devoid of this, they
can experience very little real fulfillment or satisfaction in life, and their readjustment
is not easy. Their need to do extremely well in something is very great indeed.
11. While journeying through life one has to make endless adjustments
with many unexpected, perplexing, difficult situations. In childhood
and youth one has other adults around to guide the way. As adults,
the feeling that one is in charge helps in tackling such situations. But
the elderly have no one to guide and at every step of the way they
are made to realize that they most definitely are not in charge - so
where do they go from there? The problem gets accentuated
especially as the world ceases to have any resemblance to what the
elderly were once accustomed to and changes at a bewildering pace
with each passing day.
12. From the grim picture that comes to light it would appear
that Anthony Powell was not very far off the mark when
he wrote, "Growing old is like being increasingly
penalized for a crime you haven't committed ."
This is a grim reality though the contrary should have
been true. The twilight years ought to have been the best
years of a person's life; freed from the responsibility of
having to make a living, one finally has all the time to
actually live - "sit in the shade/reliving the good old
times/letting bad memories fade."
13. New culture of old age.
In olden days, when life was simpler and values counted
for more. Those who reached a ripe old age held a happy
place in society. They could relax and enjoy their twilight
years, secure in the knowledge that they still
commanded attention, respect and affection. Though
they were well past their prime, they had given their best
for still important- and so were they.
14. We will not disagree that old age as we know it presents frightening
challenges to individuals and societies. But we also disagree in part
because old age is now that it is a life stage covered in myths and
misconceptions. Simply put, much of what we hear about old age is
not correct, that it is all and only about loneliness, depression,
intergenerational wars. Like every phase in life, old age does have its
problems in fact, we'd agree with the accepted stand there are more
problems linked with old age than earlier life stages. However, much
so-called knowledge about old age is assumed. We know less about
the last 30 years in life than we know about the first five.
15. Old age has become, for the first time in the history of
the human species, a regular stage in life. Human culture
has produced old age and now it is essential that we
create a new culture to support it. There is nothing you
can do to prevent the aging. But old age can be an
interesting and emotionally pleasing stage of life if lifted
social and structural obstacle and we create a culture of
16. A Sense of Helpless Despair
Every so often one is not quite so lucky and then the days are longer and
emptier. It is lamentable but whenever we think of senescence, what
automatically come to mind are visions of solitude and neglect. And if we
integrate to these failing health and illness the picture becomes filled with a
sense of helpless despair. Although it is true that at no stage of life is it ever
smooths sailing and every stage has its own attendant problems, those of
senescence seem insurmountable because the physical ability and mental
resilience to cope with adverse situations are vastly reduced. And, to top it
all, if there is no one else around even remotely intriguingly fascinated in
whether the problem at hand merits a solution, the fight becomes that much
17. Old Age - Health Problems
Minor Ailments and Major Diseases
18. To make things worse, old age also means an old and
failing body which will simply not cooperate and lets one
down ever so often. Even if one does not become sans
eyes, sans teeth, sans everything right away, one does
begin to slow down physically. Having rendered service
for a lifetime, the organs and senses seem to stutter,
gasp, choke and wheeze before finally quitting. Minor
ailments and major diseases rear their heads and waking
hours are preoccupied with symptoms and pills,
diets and therapies . Visits to the doctor become
routine as, for the first time, even for those who had
been conscientious all along, health and thoughts of
impending mortality assume paramount importance.
19. Illnesses must be diagnosed and treated with the help of doctors,
treatments, tests and therapies - and then the bills come pouring in
and the financial burden becomes yet another problem of old age.
No matter how large the nest-egg one has carefully managed to put
by, the sum remains constant while expenses mount. It is not just
medical bills but sky rocketing prices of just about everything
required by one. In the ensuing struggle to balance the books, many
familiar trappings of life that one had become accustomed to, have
to go - and this brings more despondency. Added to this is the
depressing anxiety of not knowing just how far ahead one must
plan or for how one must make the money last.
20. Old Age - Natural changes
Old people have limited regenerative capabilities and are more prone to disease, syndromes, and
sickness than other age groups. There is often a common physical decline, and people become
less active. Old age can reason, along with other things:
♠ Hair loss
♠ Change of hair color to gray or white
♠ Wrinkles and Liver spots on the skin.
♠ Agility and Slower reaction times
♠ Reduced ability to clear thinking.
♠ Lessened hearing
♠ Diminished eyesight
♠ Difficulty recalling memories
♠ Lessening or termination of sex, sometimes because of physical symptoms such as erectile
dysfunction in men, but often simply a decline in libido.
♠ Greater weakness to bone diseases such as osteoarthritis.
22. Heart Disease: This is the main cause of death accounting for geriatric death. It accounts for approximately over one-third of
deaths in the elderly, mainly from coronary disease, stroke and congestive heart failure, the basic process being that of
atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries that provide pure oxygenated blood to the heart, the brain, the kidneys, the viscera and
Though we do see some patients with congenital heart diseases such as aortic stenosis and atrial septal defect, and rare cases of
rheumatic valvular lesions in those age above 60, yet the familiar cardiovascular problems seen in the elderly are due to:
1. Coronary heart disease (heart attacks and angina)
4. Arrhythmias requiring pacemakers or drug treatment
5. Congestive heart failure
6. Varicose veins
7. Painful claudication of legs due to atherosclerotic narrowing of arteries, thereby hampering blood supply specially when more
blood is required, such as during walking.
8. Weakening of the walls of large arteries and aorta also results in sac-like widening of these blood vessels, the disorder called '
aneurysms' and rupture of one of these may result in loss of consciousness, paralytic stroke and even sudden death.
A further type of heart disease seen in link with chronic lung disease in the elderly is the condition of chronic cor pulmonale, a
condition of right heart failure (leg oedema, liver congestion, Cyanosis and congested prominent neck veins), as result of chronic
bronchitis, smoking, or after lengthy exposure to domestic of industrial smoke and fumes.
23. Special Features for Cardiac Care in the Old Age.
1. The older persons often tend to put down their symptoms, so they should be given a very patient hearing and
due importance given to even petty complaints like, "not feeling too bright today ", and "profuse undue
sweating" could be a indicator of silent heart attack as painless heart attacks are more ordinary in the older
people, especially among the diabetics,
2. Environmental influences such as sudden changes in temperature, severe cold or heat have a strong deadly
effect on the cardiovascular function in the older people, so the senior citizens have to be safeguarded against
such exposures in order to avert frequent occurrence of aggravation of angina, heart attack, tachyarrhythmias
(rapid and at times irregular beating of heart) and congestive heart failure.
3. Disease, disability or death of the spouse or a close friend habitually result in serious disturbances and
imbalance in the psychological behaviour of the elderly and this in turn worsens or initiates serious cardiac
malfunction in the elderly. Demise within a few months of the demise of the spouse is not uncommon in the
24. Old Age - Eye Problems
Vision problems are one of the initial signs of ageing.
25. As with other parts of the body, the eyes commence to undergo alters as they age. In fact, vision problems are one of the initial signs of
ageing. On the other hand, you can decrease the effect of age-related eyesight problems and boost your overall health in general by keeping
track of changes that take place in your vision, making sure your eyes are sheltered from possible injury, eating nutritious foods and seeing
an eye specialist on a regular basis.
Here are some of the conditions that occur on aged people.
Small spots that move across the visual plain are called floaters. They are further noticeable in brightly lit areas, in particular outdoors on a
bright, sunny day. Even though floaters are in general harmless, they can be a sign of more severe problems, such as a detached retina.
Dry Eye Syndrome:
When people get older, now and then their tear ducts do not work as well as when they were younger. Their eyes lose moisture and can
become dry and distressing. They can itch, burn and go red. In most cases, the drawback can be resolved by using a humidifier, having
prearranged eye drops and, in severe conditions, surgery.
Most important improvements in health care have made the drawback of cataracts much more treatable. Once people get cataracts, the
lens of their eyes becomes cloudy and it is difficult to see, particularly at night with the bright car lights. Now with out-patient day surgery,
most cataract patients have greatly enhanced eyesight.
The Glaucoma is an eye problem that is often genetic and worsens with age. By this condition, the fluid pressure goes up inside the eye. This
pressure can damage the optic nerve that sends messages to the brain. It can also produce blindness. Glaucoma can also become worse
when simultaneous to other diseases such as Macular Degeneration.
One of the main eye problems that take place with aging is Macular Degeneration, which arises when the retina worsens and vision is very
much impaired. Regrettably, there is no cure for this situation yet. But, if the problem is identified early enough, the effect can be
considerably reduced through Vitamins, Laser therapy, Medicine and Vision Aids.
26. Old Age - JoinOne of the most familiar problems faced by elderly
people is joint pain. There are of course several types of problems that
cause normal joint pain in "old" people and "normal" people alike.
Bursitis, tendinitis, various types of arthritis, and other complaints,
can be the cause of a person's aching joints.
The joining of the bones between your upper and lower leg form a
complicated support structure called the knee joint. Your knee joint
lets you to bend and rotate your knee, assisting you to walk and run
freely. Due to its repeated use, the knee joint is vulnerable to injury
and harm that can cause knee joint problems. Specific types of
complaint can also cause knee joint problems. If you experience
symptoms related with knee joint problems, contact your doctor for
further evaluations and care.
Excess of body weight places added pressure onto these joints causing
pain and lessens overall mobility and flexibility of the joints. The most
general cause of osteoarthritis in Americans is obesity. An early
treatment for curing osteoarthritis involves of an efficient weight loss
program merged with a healthy and nutritious diet, which is firmly
recommended by doctors. A healthy diet that includes correct
portioning of food will help cut weight and keep the weight off:t Pains
One of the most familiar problems faced by elderly people
27. Old Age - Arthrities
Stand erect and join your toes. The inner side of your knees must nearly touch each other. If there is a gap of
one or two fingers, be sure that the knee has been damaged.
A considerable number of old people who have pains in the joints have them because of arthritis. The pains
generally strike first in the outer joints like wrists, carpels, fingers on both sides or joints with a history of
injury. If an old aged patient totally lacks hand and wrist pain involvement, a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
is doubtful. Load bearing joints are also susceptible. In the past arthritis was connected with old age in
people's minds and there was a tendency to suffer it stoically as inevitable. It is a severe disease, though, with
a much reduced life span and a 27% mortality at ten years.
Acupunture: It is constructed on the theory that inserting hair-fine needles along certain energy lines can help
stimulate energy-flow. It can therefore help in decreasing pain.
Alexander technique: - It contains analysing whole body patterns, rather than a certain part of the body which
includes the symptom. It is designed to help us manoeuvre in a better way and remove tension to give a
greater effect during old age.
Aromatherapy: It is a system similar to that of massage. It comprises the use of extracted oil from flowers,
plants and trees, and using it in blend with massage, baths and steam inhalation.
Homeopathy: has its ancestries in history. Established in the 18 century, it's a system of remedies based on
the principle that taking tiny amount of natural substances to stimulate body own defences against arthritis.
Medicated sesame oil helps loosen stiff joints, clears toxins, nourishes tissues, relieves pain, counters the
aging process, enhances the skin, improves blood circulation, and regenerates the nerves
One has to influence his body weight. Then, one must in-take lots of water. Take extra salads. Sidestep fatty
and starchy food.
Old people suffering from knee pain must not wear high heels. If the disease has not advanced much,
removing synovial membrane or cleaning the joint through arthroscopy is enough to dismiss the pain.
28. Old Age Depression
Depression can be a sign of a physical disease. It can be a psychological response to the illness,
or directly caused by the physical ill health.
♥ Physical illnesses that amplify the risk for depression include: Stroke, Cancer, Heart Disease,
Thyroid disorders and Parkinson's disease.
♥ Indication of depression may occur as part of dementia (Alzheimer's Disease)
♥ Warning sign of depression are also a side effect of many drugs normally prescribed for the
Depression in the elderly is a general problem, but is often not acknowledged or treated. In the
elderly, a number of life changes can increase the risk for depression, or make presented
depression worse. Old people often use alcohol to self-treat depression, but this may make
Many old age people will not acknowledge to feeling depressed, for concern that they will be seen
as "weak" or "crazy." A few old people will not report their depression because they believe that
feeling sad is "normal," or that nothing can be done about it. Don't hesitate to contact your Doctor
for further advice.
29. Alzheimer's Disease
photo credit: Photobucket
Alzheimer's Disease is a worrying thought for many old age people. Persons over 60 are
maximum at risk for this Alzheimer's Disease. Memory problems triggered by this disease
begin gradually. At first, it may be simple to overlook them or to imagine that they are
a normal part of aging. It's not uncommon for an older people to forget a well-known
person's name now and then, or to forget having paid a bill. But with this disease,
these symptoms begin to happen more and more often. A survey estimates that it affects
as many as four million Americans. In between the age 65 and 74, around 3 per cent of
old people develop Alzheimer's. This disease is much more familiar over age 85,
upsetting as many as half of these older people. The typical Alzheimer's patient lives
for about eight to ten years after diagnosis. But, subject on age, general health, and
the advancement of the disease, many people will live for twenty years or more.
30. Old Age and Parkinson's Disease (PD)
Parkinson's usually begins around age 60, but it can start
31. Parkinson's Disease (PD) belongs to a cluster of conditions called motor system illness, which are
the consequence of the loss of Dopamine-producing brain cells. The four primary symptoms of
PD are (1) trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face; (2) rigidity, or stiffness of the limbs and
trunk; (3) Bradykinesia, or slowness of movement; and (4) postural instability, or mess up
balance and coordination. As these symptoms become more distinct, patients may have trouble in
walking, talking, or completing other simple everyday jobs. Parkinson's Disease rarely affects
people below the age of 50. Early symptoms of PD are slight and occur gradually. In some people
the disease develops more quickly than in others. As the disease progresses, the shaking, or
tremor, which affects the majority of PD patients may begin to obstruct with daily activities.
Further symptoms may include depression and other emotional changes; complicatedness in
swallowing, chewing, and speaking; urinary problems or constipation; skin problems; and sleep
interruptions. There are at present no blood or laboratory tests that have been proven to help in
diagnosing periodic PD. As a result the diagnosis is based on medical history and a neurological
investigation. The disease can be hard to diagnose correctly. Doctors may occasionally request
brain scans or laboratory tests in order to rule out other ailments. At present, there is no heal for
PD, but a variety of medications give powerful relief from the symptoms. In some cases, surgery
may be apt if the disease doesn't react to drugs. For more details, consult your Doctor.