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Surah at tauba

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Surah at tauba

  1. 1. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 1:• Reasons of no Bismillah in the start of the surah.• A declaration of disavowal with polytheist ---- proclamation of withdrawal, dis connection• Cleansing from Shirk ---- Purification of Arabian Peninsula from Shirk• Four clauses of proclamation --- (1) No one who rejects Islam shall enter Paradise.(2) No mushrik should perform Haj after this. (3) It is forbidden to move round the Ka`abah in anaked state. (4) The terms of the treaties which are still in force (i.e. with those who have notbroken their treaties with the Messenger of Allah up to that time) would be faithfully observed tillthe expiry of the term of the treaties.
  2. 2. ICNA Sisters Wing• Three conditions of entering Islamic brotherhood ----- Repentance over the beliefs in thepast, establishing prayers and paying of Zakah as due.• Abu bakr(RA) declaration of Jihad against those who refused to pay Zakat.• The principles of International relations. Honor commitments.• Teaching Islam after giving Asylum.FaithSalahZakat
  3. 3. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 2:• Breaking pledge is characteristic of hypocrites.• Fearing any body other than Allah in a manner that it obstruct fulfillment of injunctions ofsharia is not what a true believing Muslim will do.• Islam does not allow offensive war. Purpose of Jihad is to eradicate Kufr and give unbelievera chance to repent.• Three conditions for citizenship in Islamic state ---- Faith, Salah and Zakat.FaithSalahZakat
  4. 4. ICNA Sisters Wing• Honest critical study of Islam by unbeliever is allowed but vilification is not --- self respect• Five promises as a reward of Jihad by Muslims ---- Enemies will be punished by them ratherthan natural calamities, disgrace of polytheist, Allah’s help, soothing of heart and removal ofanger, chance of repentance to arrogant.
  5. 5. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 3:• Maintenance of a mosque include cleaning, repairs and Zikr of Allah• Characteristics of people who ten God’s house --- believe in Allah and day of Judgment,establish Salah and Zakat and do not fear anybody other than Allah• Merits of tending a mosque --- Superior to Jihad• Rewards of Jihad & migration -- higher ranks, Allah’s mercy & pleasure , eternity inParadise.
  6. 6. ICNA Sisters Wing• The real bond is the bond of Islam and Iman, all other bonds lineage and country must besacrificed for it ---- touchstone of True faith• Punishment of renouncing Jihad(striving) due to worldly bonds and material comfort.• What are our excuses? ---- wealth, family, job, health, lack of time.
  7. 7. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 4:• Battle of Hunain ---- Muslims were loosing ground but Perseverance of Prophet(SAW)• Victory and defeat are not due to quantitative supremacy but from Allah(SWT) --- to increasehumbleness of believers• The spiritual filth is Shirk. Unclean in their creeds, morals, deeds, and in their ways of ignorance.• Fear of economic hardship and poverty due to cutting off non believers economic support.• Allah will enrich you out of His bounty ----- Tawakul Ilallah
  8. 8. ICNA Sisters Wing• This is the aim of Jihad with the Jews and the Christians and it is not to force them to becomeMuslims and adopt the `Islamic Way of Life. But to pay Jizyah in order to put an end to theirindependence and supremacy .• Jizyah is money paid by those non-Muslims who live as Zimmis (proteges) in an Islamic State, inexchange for the security and protection granted to them by it.
  9. 9. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 5:• Accosting Muslims and describing the attitudes of Jews and Christians, an admonition notto repeat those mistakes.• Taken their scholars and monks as their Lords ---- Hadith of Adi bin Hatim --- Check ourselves• Allah’s promise that He will perfect His light(Quran/Sunnah) ---- Propagation of Islam• Admonition to those who do not pay Zakat - (Hadith that it will become collar of snake for neck)• Reason of branding forehead, sides and back(wrinkles on the forehead, turn to side and back)• Attitude of trickiness to change Sharia’s injunctions ---- evasiveness ---- Intercalation• Allah favor the lunar calendar ---- Ramadan and Haj can come in different seasons.
  10. 10. ICNA Sisters Wing• Sacred months are Zil-Q`adah, Zil-Hajjah, Muharram and Rajab.• Real injunction is not to fulfill the counting but to obey Allah’s command.• Trying to make Haram into Halal and Halal into Halal is an act of unbeliever.• Islam forbids unjust killings ---- Islam did not propagate through sword• Reasons of widespread propagation of Islam --- Cultural and social equality, legal equality, chastityof character, transparency in dealings, acts of grace & pardonableness, sword is used to forbid evil.
  11. 11. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 6:• Background of the battle of Tabuk ---- Ghasani tribes, Byzantine ruler Harqul, Monk Abu Amir• Instigation for Jihad ---- Even in bad circumstances(drought, hot summer, power of Harqul)• The root of all crimes is regard for Dunya.• Fard e Ain or Fard Kifayah -- Jihad/ establishment of Deen -- Helping Allah and His messenger,An opportunity for us. Do we avail it?• Doing good in all conditions whether heavy or light ---- Do we wait for easiness to do good?
  12. 12. ICNA Sisters Wing• Six groups of people in Madinah ---- who get ready for Jihad without hesitation, who hesitateat first but later joined , who have some genuine excuse, who were procrastinating/lazy,hypocrites and spy hypocrites.• Example of Abu Bakr(RA) ---- First to submit, tranquility and Tawakul Ilallah.• Excuses from hypocrites ---- swearing
  13. 13. ICNA Sisters Wing
  14. 14. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 7:• People who want excuses ---- faith is weak, having doubts, fear that our family, health, wealth orhome will be effected --- Lack of Tawakul Ilallah ---- How can we check ourselves?• Procrastination/laziness is torment from Allah(SWT) --- epidemic• Signs of hypocrites and their excuses ---- Story of Jadd bin Qais• Hypocrites ---- procrastination in offering Salah, unwillingness to give Zakat and Sadaqa• http://www.slideshare.net/DrYunus/nifaq-or-hypocrisy
  15. 15. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 8:• Recipients of Sadaqat• Sadqa ---- Root is Sidq --- Proving truthfulness of one’s faith through wealth• Absurd objections and hostility of hypocrites towards Prophet(SAW) ---- Allah’s promise to exposethem• Topic of Hypocrites fun time discussions --- Insulting Allah and His messenger(SAW)
  16. 16. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 9:• Profile of Hypocrites ---- Forbid good and enjoin evil , do not spend any thing for good.• Punishment for forbidding good and enjoining evil ---- Allah forgot them, fire of Hell• Materialistic blessings of this world does not means that one has Allah’s pleasure.• Profile of true believers ----- Enjoin good and forbid evil, Salah, Zakat , obedience of Allah and Hismessenger(SAW)• Promise of Paradise and Allah’s pleasure.
  17. 17. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 10:• Insulting Rasolallah(SAW) IS kufr.• Change of policy against hypocrites --- No leniency, do not trust them, no cover up, publicize theirtreachery, do not make them witness or consultant, limited relationships.• Ungratefulness of Hypocrites ---- No gratitude, thankless wretch• Story of Thalabah ibn Hatib Al Ansari ----- Miserliness• Sadqat of poor believers at the time of Battle of Tabuk.• Order of not to make request for forgiveness of Hypocrites.
  18. 18. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 11:• The fire of Hell is much hotter than the hotness in this world. --- Our clothes• Laughing in this world and crying in Hereafter.• Order of not to participate in funeral prayers of hypocrites.• Wealth, kids and prosperity are blessings from Allah(SWT) but if they became hinder in way ofobedience of Allah , they became fitna.• Excuses of people who are well off.
  19. 19. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 12:• Acceptable excuses - sick, handicapped, weak due to old age and poor(Condition of sincerity)• The reality and truth of hypocrites excuses were revealed in open.• Feelings of those who were real handicapped ----- Jamuh(RA) and his companions(Checkourselves) ---- Medical certificates and our excuses.• The criterion of acceptance of excuses and repentance is future conduct.
  20. 20. ICNA Sisters Wing• Response to hypocrites excuses and swearings ---- Ignore them.• Bedouins are more strict in disbelief and hypocrisy. They are not ready for any trials andnot eager to understand deen. They regarded payment of Zakat as fine.• Profile of Bedouin believers --- Regard their spending as a mean to draw near toAllah(SWT)
  21. 21. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 13:• First and foremost ---- Allah is pleased with them and they are well pleased with Allah.• Hypocrites will be punished twice here and Hereafter.• Intermixing of good deeds with evil ---- repent, give Sadqa to cleanse and purify, Supplication• Story of Abu Lubaba and his six companions ---- Admitting and tying themselves up to the• pillar of Prophet’s mosque ---- Human error, weakness of intent, absorption in Dunya.
  22. 22. ICNA Sisters Wing• Criterion to Judge validity of excuses ---- Open and clear confession with sincerity , previousrecord to check habitual offender, watch future conduct, repentance and offering Sadqa.• Masjid Zarar and monk Abu Amir’s character ----- Reasons of building this mosque• Which mosque is founded on piety? ---- Masjid Nabawi or Masjid Quba• Clarity and purity of intention is the foundation of Deen.
  23. 23. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 14:• Ayah of Allegiance --- Ayat Baiah ---- Ayah 111• Nine attributes of believers who fulfill their pledge /transaction with Allah(SWT)• Do not ask for the forgiveness of Polytheists ---- Example of Ibrahim(AS)• Announcement of acceptance of repentance from Ka`ab bin Malik(RA), Hilal bin Umayyah(RA)and Murarah bin Rubai(RA)• Details of this story and lessons for us in this story ----- Importance of truth, sincerity ofintention, collectiveness, love for each other, obedience to Rasolallah(SAW), procrastination.• What were the tests and trails?
  24. 24. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 15:• Advice to Muslims --- Observe Taqwa and be with those true in word and deed• Completion of faith is possible only when Rasolallah(SAW) becomes dearest to us than our ownlife.• The collective and individual obligation of acquiring religious knowledge and its etiquette• Purpose of Islamic education.• Responsibility after acquiring religious understanding ---- warn people so that they may avoiderroneous attitude
  25. 25. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 16:• Following the ordinance of war is necessary.• Faith increases by recitation of Quranic Ayahs.• Characteristics of Rasolallah(SAW) ---- Love, affection, sympathy and an earnest desire forwellbeing of Ummat ---- Our sufferings were hard on Him and He craves for our welfare , tenderand merciful to believers.• A principle for Daee ---- Invite with love and affection, if you face aversions and hardships, placeyour trust on Allah.