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Miroslav Liska (Marek Šurek): Toward Government Linked Data: A Slovak Case

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http://2015.semantics.cc/miroslav-liska-marek-%C5%A0urek

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Miroslav Liska (Marek Šurek): Toward Government Linked Data: A Slovak Case

  1. 1. ★★★★★ Miroslav Líška, Marek Šurek Datalan (Bratislava, Slovakia) l Five Star Open Data in SR, 16.9.2015 Toward Government Linked Data : A Slovak Case data.gov.sk-semanticweb
  2. 2. I. Introduction 1. Five Star Open Data 2. History of Semantic Web in Slovakia/Datalan II. Method 3. Main Principles 4. data.gov.sk Resource General* URI Pattern 5. Supported ontologies (ODP Ontology + SEMIC Recommendations) III. Process 6. URI Registration – process 7. URI Registration – use case model IV. Searching for Business Cases 8. Slovpedia (Tripleskop) 9. Slovpedia (PharmaGuard) *Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns – detail specification Agenda
  3. 3. I. Introduction
  4. 4. 1) Five Star Open Data ● Slovak Government Data ? Sad story. But this can change! Semantic Web !
  5. 5. 2) History of Semantic Web in SK, Datalan Datalan Slovakia ● 2006 … – 1st Workshop on Intelligent and Knowledge oriented Technologies. SAV, FIIT STU, FEI TUKE ● 2009 … – start of Sestate, Susan, Tripleskop, Slovpedia, Pharmaguard, SemTelcoSearch ● 2013 … – DTLN became a member of Data Standardization Process in SK /Ministry of Finance SR/ (as ITAS Deputy) ● 1. formal proposal of sk semantic standards [too soon] ● 2015 ● 2. formal proposal of data.gov.sk-semanticweb_1.0 (we believe for approval until end of 2015) 202X Miroslav Líška We fought for the Semantic Web
  6. 6. II. An Approach
  7. 7. 3) Method Overwiev URI Pattern Rules + Simple / Extendable Government URI System data.gov.sk Semantic Standards data.gov.sk general URI pattern Catalog URI Ontology URI Class URI Individuals Template URI URIVersioningrules URI Individual URI Dataset URI Dataset Item URI Object Property URI DataType Property URI SupplementaryURIrules Supported Ontologies + URI Registration Process method process )(
  8. 8. 4) data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns TYPE ● id = concrete individual („Lukas Liska“, „Datalan“, „Bratislava“ ...) ● def = ontology entity definition ● doc = document, file, electronic form ... ● set = catalog, dataset (codelist), distribution CLASS - resource classification IDENTITY – standard relationalDB-like ID (0000001, 0000002 … ) VERSION - resource version/distribution (2015-09-17, 1.0, A, B …) General URI Pattern for data.gov.sk Resource http://data.gov.sk/[TYPE]/[CLASS]/[IDENTITY]/{VERSION} §1
  9. 9. General URI Pattern for data.gov.sk Resource http://data.gov.sk/[TYPE]/[CLASS]/[IDENTITY]/{VERSION} §1 Example – Legal Form Class (ODP Ontology) http://data.gov.sk/def/ontology/odp/LegalForm Example – Legal Form 121 represents a joint stock form of company http://data.gov.sk/def/legalform/121 Example – Legal Forms Codelist http://data.gov.sk/set/codelist/legalform Example – Distribution of the Legal Forms codelist http://data.gov.sk/set/codelist/legalform/2015-09-16 examples See Annext A for full specification 4) data.gov.sk Resource General URI Patterns
  10. 10. 5) Supported Ontologies (1/2) A. ODP Ontology: Knowledge Kernel Mapping to the actual KDP element Mapping to actual codelist Mapping to SEMIC recommended ontology = OntologizationOf (ElementsOf(KDP + MetaIS)) + mapping to SEMIC Ontologies
  11. 11. 5) Supported Ontologies (2/2) B. SEMIC Recommended ontologies DCAT Data Catalog Vocabulary ADMS Asset Description Metadata Schema ADMS.SW ADMS for Software CPSV Core Public Service Vocabulary ROV Registered Organization Vocabulary LOCN Location Core Vocabulary PERSON Person Core Vocabulary RDF Resource Description Framework RDFS Resource Description Framework Scheme OWL Web Ontology Language SKOS Simple Knowledbe Organizational System C. Semantic Core Ontologies
  12. 12. III. Process
  13. 13. 6) URI Registration – process model §3
  14. 14. 7) URI Registration – UC model
  15. 15. III. Searching for Business Models
  16. 16. 8) Slovpedia/Tripleskop MetaIS data.gov.sk URI resources definition Slovpedia Enriched data Addional datasets data.gov.sk LinkedData DatasetsGovernent data source1 source2 data definitions sourceN future status
  17. 17. 9) Slovpedia/Tripleskop Governent data source1 source2 sourceN Tripleskop Slovpedia Linked Data actual statusactual status Sestate City in Mobile 2 PharmaGuard
  18. 18. 8) Slovpedia/Tripleskop
  19. 19. 8) Slovpedia/Tripleskop
  20. 20. 8) Slovpedia/Tripleskop
  21. 21. 8) Slovpedia/Tripleskop
  22. 22. 9) Slovpedia/PharmaGuard (1/2) Líška, M., Šurek, M.: An Approach to NLP based Drug Interactions with Inferencing. Unpublished yet. PharmaGuard.EU (1.0) A Drug & Medication Mobile Application based on government drug data (sk data + drugbank.ca) uses
  23. 23. 9) Slovpedia/PharmaGuard (2/2) 1. 2. 3. 4.
  24. 24. References http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/ https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/community/semic/description http://www.openrdf.org/ http://www.w3.org/OWL/ http://www.w3.org/RDF/ http://sk.linkedin.com/in/miroslavliska/ http://sk.linkedin.com/in/mareksurek http://www.datalan.sk http://www.slovpedia.com http://www.tripleskop.com Thanks for your attention Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns >>
  25. 25. TYPE ● id = concrete individual („Lukas Liska“, „Datalan“, „Bratislava“ ...) ● def = ontology entity definition ● doc = document, file, electronic form ... ● set = catalog, dataset (codelist), distribution CLASS - resource classification IDENTITY – standard relationalDB-like ID (0000001, 0000002 … ) VERSION - resource version/distribution (2015-09-17, 1.0, A, B …) General URI Pattern for data.gov.sk Resource http://data.gov.sk/[TYPE]/[CLASS]/[IDENTITY]/{VERSION} §1 Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns
  26. 26. Individual URI http://data.gov.sk/id/[class]/[code] Example – Bratislava Self-Governing Region http://data.gov.sk/id/nuts3/SK01 Example - Datalan http://data.gov.sk/id/corporatebody/35810734 Example – Drug Concor 30x5mg http://data.gov.sk/id/drug/94164 Example – Andrej Kiska (Slovak President) http://data.gov.sk/id/president/andrej-kiska Example – this document http://data.gov.sk/doc/pdf/method/uri-for-slovak-public-data/201509-09-16 §1.3 Document URI http://data.gov.sk/doc/[docType/filename]/[version] §1.2 Example – Andrej Kiska (Slovak President) http://data.gov.sk/id/president/andrej-kiska The Public Procurement Information Systemversion http://data.gov.sk/id/isvs/5854 Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns
  27. 27. Dataset (codelist) http://data.gov.sk/setset/[datasetType]/[dataset] [datasetType] ● codelist = a set that contains codelist elements ● data = a set that contains data „records“ [dataset] = english name of actual dataset Example – Legal Forms codelist http://data.gov.sk/set/codelist/legalform Example – Approved and Categorized Drugs Datasets http://data.gov.sk/set/data/categorizeddrug §1.4 Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns
  28. 28. Dataset item http://data.gov.sk/[type]/[class]/[identity] [type] ● def = an item represents ontology entity definition (§1.1) ● id = an item represents individual (§1.4.3) [class] = type of the item [identity] = present item code Example – Joint Stock Company as the item of the Legal Forms codelist http://data.gov.sk/def/legalform/121 Example – Bratislava Region as the item of the NUT3 codelist http://data.gov.sk/id/nuts3/SK01 Extended example legalform:121 rdf:type odp:LegalForm . legalform:121 rdfs:label “Joint Stock Company“@en . legalform:121 rdfs:label “Akciová spoločnosť“@sk . legalform:121 rdfs:label “Aktiengesellschaft“@de . §1.4.1 Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns
  29. 29. Catalog (set of datasets) http://data.gov.sk/set/cat/[catalog] Example – drug related datasets gropu http://data.gov.sk/set/cat/registered-drugs §1.4.2 Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns
  30. 30. ● Versionable resource is a resource which versions can exists in parallel, such as ● an information systems, a service ... ● an ontology ● dataset distribution … ● Otherwise a resource is unversionable, such as ● a person ● geo entity ● ... Example – The Public Procurement Information Systemversion 1.0 http://data.gov.sk/id/isvs/5854/1.0 Example – A second version of http://data.gov.sk/set/codelist/legalform/2015-09-04 Example – The Legal Forms Dataset published 2015-09-04 http://data.gov.sk/set/codelist/legalform/2015-09-04 §1.5 Resources versioning Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns
  31. 31. URI – identify content URL - navigate to content Example – an eform <http://data.gov.sk/doc/eform/DCOM_eDemokracia_StaznostFO_sk/1.0> Example – eforms XSD <http://data.gov.sk/doc/xsdschema/DCOM_eDemokracia_StaznostFO_sk/1.0> Example – NOT this <http://data.gov.sk/doc/eform/DCOM_eDemokracia_StaznostFO_sk/1.0/share/files/schema.xsd> Annext A: data.gov.sk Resource URI Patterns §1.6 URI is not URL

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