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© Fraunhofer FKIE
Dr. Hans-Christian Schmitz
Fraunhofer FKIE, Information Technology for Command and Control
The MIP Infor...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
2
Fraunhofer FKIE develops models, methods and tools for networked operational
Command and Control Syste...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
3
BML
Information Technology for Command & Control
Overview
Interoperability of Distributed Systems
 Cr...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Overview
1. Fundamental concepts: Joint and Combined Operations, C2 Systems,
Interoperability
2. The Mul...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
1. Joined and Combined Operations
 Joined Operations: Different military branches (army, navy, air forc...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Civil Military Cooperation
Civil Military Cooperation (CiMiC): Civil and military partners cooperate
in ...
VS – NUR FÜR DEN DIENSTGEBRAUCH
Kommando Territoriale Aufgaben
der Bundeswehr FWD(08jun1400)
      
CiMiC: Provisi...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Command and Control (C2) Systems
© Fraunhofer FKIE
C2 in civil domains: INTELSYS
© Fraunhofer FKIE
vehicles
actual measurements,
e.g. clearing missions
sensors, e.g. ice
warning and
prediction system
run...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Situational Overview and Decision Support
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Mobile Devices
© Fraunhofer FKIE
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Interoperability
The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to and
accept services fro...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Levels of Interoperability (NATO Interoperability Directive)
 Degree 0 -- Isolated Interoperability: Th...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
2. The Multilateral Interoperability Programme
MIP is Interoperability organization of 26 nations and NA...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
3. MIP Information Model as a Semantic Reference
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Support Mission Networks
 Rapid realization of user requirements
 Fully documented and traceable
 Mod...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Design Principles – Separation of Concerns
Meta Data
Each information
can have metadata
Information Grou...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Core Elements
class Basic Concepts
Action
ActionEffect
ActionResource
ActionObjective
RuleOf
Engagement
...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
MIP Information Model
MIM Products Overview
Enterprise Architect
Project (EAP)
Web Export
(HTML)
Documen...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Tool Suite Overview
Model Tailoring Model-Driven Architecture Model Management
Process Change Proposals
...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Improved Modeling Process – CPProcessor
High-Quality Change Proposals
 Formal description (incl. metada...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
From the MIM to a Service Specification in Three Steps
Extend/Restrict MIM
Define Message Model
Produce ...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
… Plus Some Magic Transformations Behind the Scenes
Extend/Restrict
MIM
Apply PIMPIM
Transformations
De...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
OWL Representation
Benefits:
 Component reuse and interoperability
 Web compliance and controlled voca...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Linked Data Server (LDS)
 Web of linked Data: Navigation
through MIM
 Fuzzy Search
 Keyword auto-comp...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Summary and Outlook
MIP Information model (MIM):
 A semantic reference for C2 domain
 Semantic basis f...
© Fraunhofer FKIE
Thank you.
Dr. Hans-Christian Schmitz
Information Technology for Command and Control
Fraunhofer Institut...
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Hans-Christian Schmitz: The MIP Information Model

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Hans-Christian Schmitz: The MIP Information Model

  1. 1. © Fraunhofer FKIE Dr. Hans-Christian Schmitz Fraunhofer FKIE, Information Technology for Command and Control The MIP Information Model
  2. 2. © Fraunhofer FKIE 2 Fraunhofer FKIE develops models, methods and tools for networked operational Command and Control Systems.  Research Areas  Sensor Data and Information Fusion  Communication Systems  Human Factors  Human Machine Systems  Balanced Human Systems Integration  Information Technology for Command and Control  Cognitive Mobile Systems  Cyber Analysis and Defense  Cyber Security  Usable Security and Privacy  Privacy and Security in Ubiquitos Computing Locations Wachtberg and Bonn Founded 1963 Fraunhofer since 8/2009 Staff > 400 Budget > 30 Mio € Director Prof. Dr. Peter Martini Website www.fkie.fraunhofer.de © Fraunhofer FKIE Fraunhofer FKIE Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics
  3. 3. © Fraunhofer FKIE 3 BML Information Technology for Command & Control Overview Interoperability of Distributed Systems  Creation of multinational information networks  Development and implementation of standards for overarching interoperability  Internal network architecture for land vehicles Architectures for C2 Systems  Service-oriented architectures and cloud computing  Development of reference architectures  Harmonization and migration of IT-Systems  Technical expertise for the selection of products, integration, testing  Business process analysis and solutions for process optimization Information Analysis  Analysis and exploitation of linguistic Information  Military applications based on computer linguistic methods  Information fusion
  4. 4. © Fraunhofer FKIE Overview 1. Fundamental concepts: Joint and Combined Operations, C2 Systems, Interoperability 2. The Multilateral Interoperability Programme (MIP) 3. The MIP Information Model (MIM): Coverage, Tools, Processes 4. Summary and Outlook
  5. 5. © Fraunhofer FKIE 1. Joined and Combined Operations  Joined Operations: Different military branches (army, navy, air force, joined support service) cooperate in an operation.  Combined Operations: Partners from different countries cooperate in an operation. marine.de
  6. 6. © Fraunhofer FKIE Civil Military Cooperation Civil Military Cooperation (CiMiC): Civil and military partners cooperate in an operation.  Disaster Management  Political Management, Administration  Search and Rescue  Engineering Support  Medical Support  Movement, Logistics, Material  Accommodation  Public Affairs
  7. 7. VS – NUR FÜR DEN DIENSTGEBRAUCH Kommando Territoriale Aufgaben der Bundeswehr FWD(08jun1400)        CiMiC: Provision of Situational Overview
  8. 8. © Fraunhofer FKIE Command and Control (C2) Systems
  9. 9. © Fraunhofer FKIE C2 in civil domains: INTELSYS
  10. 10. © Fraunhofer FKIE vehicles actual measurements, e.g. clearing missions sensors, e.g. ice warning and prediction system runways parking positions resources … various additional status informations Operational Environment: Winter Operations
  11. 11. © Fraunhofer FKIE Situational Overview and Decision Support
  12. 12. © Fraunhofer FKIE Mobile Devices
  13. 13. © Fraunhofer FKIE
  14. 14. © Fraunhofer FKIE Interoperability The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to and accept services from other systems, units, or forces, and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together. NATO-Definition of Interoperability  interoperability among IT systems  interoperability among forces (users of the systems)
  15. 15. © Fraunhofer FKIE Levels of Interoperability (NATO Interoperability Directive)  Degree 0 -- Isolated Interoperability: The key feature of Level 0 is human intervention to provide interoperability where systems are isolated from each other.  Degree 1 -- Connected Interoperability: The key feature of Degree 1 is physical connectivity providing direct interaction between systems.  Degree 2 -- Syntactic Interoperability: The key feature of Degree 2 is the ability of independent applications to exchange and use independent data components in a direct or distributed manner among systems.  Degree 3 -- Semantic Interoperability: The key feature of Degree 3 is a domain perspective that includes domain data models and procedures where data is shared among the independent applications which may begin to work together in an integrated fashion.  Degree 4 – Pragmatic Interoperability: The key feature of Degree 4 is a top- level perspective that includes enterprise data models and procedures, where data is seamlessly shared among the applications that work together across domains in a universal access environment.
  16. 16. © Fraunhofer FKIE 2. The Multilateral Interoperability Programme MIP is Interoperability organization of 26 nations and NATO. Focus on  Interoperability of command and control (C2) systems  Multinational or coalition environments at all levels of command  Land operational users in a Joint environment with growing emphasis on Air, Maritime, and other Communities of Interest (CoIs) Products  Specifications for operational, technical, and procedural aspects  Semantic Reference Model (MIM) for harmonization of different requirements across C2 domain  Operational and technical test sessions under the auspices of MIP  Software Development Kits (SDKs) to support national implementations
  17. 17. © Fraunhofer FKIE 3. MIP Information Model as a Semantic Reference
  18. 18. © Fraunhofer FKIE Support Mission Networks  Rapid realization of user requirements  Fully documented and traceable  Modular interoperability solution State-of-the-art technology  Modeling language: UML, OCL  Model-Driven Architecture (MDA) Platform independent  Not restricted to a specific exchange technology => Quick and low-cost interoperability solution Objectives of the MIM
  19. 19. © Fraunhofer FKIE Design Principles – Separation of Concerns Meta Data Each information can have metadata Information Groups Each information can be grouped Core Elements Objects, actions etc. and their relationships as a “snapshot” of the real world Stateless – no change of objects over time “Sourceless” – no contradicting information from different sources Context free – no distinction between, e.g., current and planning situation  Stricter/unambiguous semantics
  20. 20. © Fraunhofer FKIE Core Elements class Basic Concepts Action ActionEffect ActionResource ActionObjective RuleOf Engagement Candidate TargetList InformationGroup Establishment Organisation Structure PlanOrder Event Task Capability Location Organisation Object Address Facility Feature Materiel Person Information Resource Metadata Actor Role
  21. 21. © Fraunhofer FKIE MIP Information Model MIM Products Overview Enterprise Architect Project (EAP) Web Export (HTML) Documentation (DOCX) Searchable Web of Linked Data XML Schema Definition (XSD) Web Ontology Language Schema (OWL) Tool Suite Additional Documentation MIM Introduction MIM Information Sheet
  22. 22. © Fraunhofer FKIE Tool Suite Overview Model Tailoring Model-Driven Architecture Model Management Process Change Proposals Check Consistency • UML Class Model • OCL Constraints • Class Diagrams • Examples (Object Models) • Free-text documentation Document Export MIM XSD OWL … Subset/Extend the Model Define Structured Messages Transfor- mations
  23. 23. © Fraunhofer FKIE Improved Modeling Process – CPProcessor High-Quality Change Proposals  Formal description (incl. metadata)  Validation prior to voting  No error-prone manual steps needed All CPs approved by all MIP stakeholders
  24. 24. © Fraunhofer FKIE From the MIM to a Service Specification in Three Steps Extend/Restrict MIM Define Message Model Produce XML/OWL/… Schema
  25. 25. © Fraunhofer FKIE … Plus Some Magic Transformations Behind the Scenes Extend/Restrict MIM Apply PIMPIM Transformations Define Message Model Generate Artifact Apply PIMPSM Transformations Message Model Exchange Schema MIM Capability- Specific Model Platform- Independent Models
  26. 26. © Fraunhofer FKIE OWL Representation Benefits:  Component reuse and interoperability  Web compliance and controlled vocabulary  Formality and reasoning MIM 2 OWL Transformation:  UML 2 UML Transformation  UML 2 OWL Transformation  Basic Mapping  Advanced Mapping  MIM-specific Mapping 26
  27. 27. © Fraunhofer FKIE Linked Data Server (LDS)  Web of linked Data: Navigation through MIM  Fuzzy Search  Keyword auto-completion  Formats: SVG graphics, HTML, XML, JSON (JavaScript Object Notation)  Integrated in the MIM portal 27
  28. 28. © Fraunhofer FKIE Summary and Outlook MIP Information model (MIM):  A semantic reference for C2 domain  Semantic basis for MIP 4 interoperability solution (April 2016)  Supports specification of modular services  Enables semantic web applications FKIE:  Development of tools and best practices for model management and evaluation  Development of interoperable C2-solutions  Application of interoperability-expertise in other domains, in particular civil domains MIM-Portal: https://www.mimworld.org/
  29. 29. © Fraunhofer FKIE Thank you. Dr. Hans-Christian Schmitz Information Technology for Command and Control Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics FKIE Fraunhoferstr. 20 | 53343 Wachtberg | Germany Phone +49 (0)228 9435-386 | Fax -685 hans-christian.schmitz@fkie.fraunhofer.de

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