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SysML v2 and MBSE: The next ten years

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Presented at the MBSE Meeting, MODELS 2018 conference, Copenhagen

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SysML v2 and MBSE: The next ten years

  1. 1. SysML v2 and MBSE: The Next Ten Years 16 October 2018 Ed Seidewitz Chief Technology Officer Model Driven Solutions ed-s@modeldriven.com ● @seidewitz MBSE Meeting at MODELS 2018, Copenhagen Copyright © 2018 Model Driven Solutions, Inc.
  2. 2. Page 2 Systems Engineering focuses on ensuring the pieces work together to achieve the objectives of the whole 16 October 2018INCOSE SE Vision 2025
  3. 3. Page 3 Model-Based System Engineering (MBSE) 16 October 2018 A Practical Guide to SysML 3rd Edition (Figure 18.1) puts the System Model at the center
  4. 4. Page 4 MBSE: The Vision from modeling as a way to deal with the limitations of document-based approaches to systems modeling as standard practice… fully integrated with other engineering modeling using internet-based knowledge representation to share human understanding of systems in a virtual environment INCOSE SE Vision 2025 16 October 2018
  5. 5. Page 5 MBSE: Extending Maturity and Capability 16 October 2018 2010 2020 2025 Maturity AdHocWellDefinedInstitutionalized Distributed & secure model repositories crossing multiple domains Defined MBSE theory, ontology, and formalisms Emerging MBSE standards Matured MBSE methods and metrics, Integrated System/HW/SW models Architecture model integrated with Simulation, Analysis, and Visualization INCOSE MBSE Roadmap (original version 2007) 2015
  6. 6. Page 6 MBSE: Adoption Challenges 2.60 2.71 2.90 2.93 2.98 3.10 3.32 3.47 3.54 3.64 3.91 1 2 3 4 5 Availability of tools MBSE training Tool maturity Other Method maturity Risk associated with the… Lack of management… Lack of perceived value… Availability of skills MBSE learning curve Cultural and general… MBSE 2015 2.84 2.93 2.95 3.01 3.13 3.29 3.37 3.45 3.48 3.71 3.82 1 2 3 4 5 Availability of tools Risk associated with the… MBSE training Tool maturity Method maturity Lack of management… Lack of perceived value… Availability of skills MBSE learning curve Other Cultural and general… MBSE 2012 Rank each item below in terms of the extent that it currently inhibits successful adoption of the MBSE within your organization/company. MBSE Survey, January 24, 2015 Dr. Robert Cloutier, Ms. Mary Bone 16 October 2018
  7. 7. Page 7 Systems Modeling Language™ (SysML®) SysML has facilitated awareness and adoption of MBSE Much has been learned from using SysML for MBSE SysML has evolved to address user and vendor needs v1.0, adopted in 2006; v1.5, current version; v1.6, in process But… 16 October 2018 Supports the specification, analysis, design, and verification and validation of complex systems that may include hardware, software, information, processes, personnel, and facilities
  8. 8. Page 8 Language Design 16 October 2018 Can nested parts have different properties? Can system behavior be related to subsystem structure? Internal structure is the same for all instances of a type. There is no semantic connection between flows and connectors. SysML language design has been limited by being a UML profile
  9. 9. Page 9 Enhancements 16 October 2018Friedenthal and Oster, Architecting Spacecraft with SysML SysML needs some functional enhancements
  10. 10. Page 10 Visualization 16 October 2018 Source: C. Schreiber, J. Feingold, M. Sarrel Interactive Display Dynamic Visualization Model Differencing Table Diagram Text part vehicle_C1: VehicleDefinitions.Vehicle { part frontAssembly: AxleAssembly { part frontWheel: Wheel[2]; part frontAxle: Axle; } part rearAssembly: AxleAssembly { part rearWheel: Wheel[2]; part rearAxle: Axle; } } Physical Envelope SysML models need to be flexibly visualizable
  11. 11. Page 11 Interoperability 16 October 2018 Axel Reichwein , Koneksys SysML v2 Model Interoperability & Standard API Requirements SysML tooling must interoperate with other tools Basic syntactic model interchange is not sufficient!
  12. 12. Page 12 APIs and Services 16 October 2018 From: SysML v2 API & Services RFP Standard APIs and services provide a mechanism for tool interoperability.
  13. 13. Page 13 SysML v2 Requests for Proposals SysML v2 RFP issued December, 2017 Initial Submission: November, 2019 Revised (Final) Submission: November, 2020 SysML v2 API & Services RFP issued June, 2018 Initial Submission: February, 2020 Revised (Final) Submission: February, 2021 SysML Submission Team (SST) formed December 2017 Leads: Sandy Friedenthal, Ed Seidewitz 16 October 2018
  14. 14. Page 14 SysML v2 Submission Team (SST) A broad team of end users, vendors, academics, and government liaisons Currently 89 members from 56 organizations Developing submissions to both RFPs Driven by RFP requirements and user needs 16 October 2018
  15. 15. Page 15 Requirements / User Needs Feedback SysML Abstract Syntax SST Agile Collaborative Approach NamespaceDefinition: PackageDefinition | ClassifierDefinition PackageDefinition: PackageDeclation “{“ PackagedElement* “}” PackagedElement: NamespaceDefinition | … ClassifierDefinition: ClassDefinition | … ClassDefinition: ClassDeclaration “{“ ClassMember* “}” ClassMember: FeatureDefinition | … FeatureDefinition: AttributeDefinition | … AttributeDefinition: Visibility Name “:” QualifiedName Concrete Syntax (Textual Grammar) Parse Guide UML Abstract Syntax / Profile Services Repository Visualization / Analysis Generate Semantic Tooling / OWL Store 16 October 2018
  16. 16. Page 16 Usage Focused Modeling A paradigm shift to make SysML v2 more precise and intuitive to use Emphasizes modeling of usages Allows modeling on the internal block diagram (IBD) Supports other language requirements variant design and configurations, individuals, analysis, verification,… 16 October 2018
  17. 17. Page 17 Usage Focused Modeling Multiple Views of the System 16 October 2018 Graphical notation for illustrative purposes only
  18. 18. Page 18 Vehicle: Internal Block Diagram (SysML v1) 16 October 2018 Internal structure is the same for all instances of a type.
  19. 19. Page 19 Vehicle: Internal Block Diagram (SysML v2) 16 October 2018 Connector to nested port Usage-specific property values
  20. 20. Page 20 Vehicle: Textual Notation Parsing vehicle_c1:Vehicle{ partengine:Engine{ portoutdrivePwrPort; } parttransmission:Transmission{ portinclutchPort; portoutdriveShaftPort; } partrearAxleAssembly:AxleAssembly{ partredefinesaxle{ portindriveAxlePort; } partredefineswheel{ partredefineslugbolt[6]{ torque=20; } } } partfrontAxleAssembly:AxleAssembly{ partredefineswheel{ partredefineslugbolt[4]{ torque=10; } } } connectorenginePoweris engine::drivePwrPortto transmission::clutchPort; connectordriveshaftis transmission::driveShaftPortto rearAxleAssembly::axle::driveAxlePort; } 16 October 2018
  21. 21. Page 21 Conclusion Over the last decade… SysML v1 has facilitated awareness and adoption of MBSE Over the next decade… SysML v2 will increased adoption and effectiveness of MBSE by enhancing… Precision and expressiveness of the language Consistency and integration among language concepts Interoperability with other engineering models and tools Usability by model developers and consumers 16 October 2018