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09 - Carbon

  1. Carbohydrates
  2. ules/carbs/carb6.htm
  3. mc/articles/PMC5884753/ xt=The%20carbohydrate%20content%20of%20a,%2D%20%25lipid %20%2D%20%25mineral.
  4.,co ating%2C%20Phaeophyceae%20and%20dairy%20products.
  5. Carbohydrates metabolism,both%20aerobic%20and%20anaerobic%20organisms. ydrates_by_Photosynthesis#:~:text=The%20Calvin%20cycle%20is%20completed,glucose%2C%20starch%2C%20and%20cellulose. Glycolysis Gluconeogenesis Glycogenolysis Glycogenogenese & Calvin’s Cycle of carbohydrates synthesis in plants
  6. Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis Glucose/aeb05f2165f1a1ab39f7e9d99ac3a32163bcf1e8
  7. Gluconeogenesi s Amino acids are classified according to the abilities of their products to enter gluconeogenesis: •Glucogenic amino acids have this ability •Ketogenic amino acids do not. These products may still be used for ketogenesis or lipid synthesis. •Some amino acids are catabolized into both glucogenic and ketogenic products. Gluconeogenesis is a process of Glc generation from non-carbohydrate substrates. Particularly, It’s catabolism of proteinogenic amino acids with usage of their carbone skeleton for glucose obtaining. It includes all the reactions of glycolysis in reverse direction except 3 stages which are irreversible. Thus, gluconeogenesis includes 4 reactions which are not from glycolysis: pyruvate carboxylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, fructose-1,6-diphosphatase glucose-6-phosphatase catalised reactions.
  8. Gluconeogenesi s
  9. Biosynthesis of Glycogen - Glycogenesis
  10. Glycogenolysis Glycogenolysis is the biochemical pathway in which glycogen breaks down into glucose-1- phosphate and glucose. The reaction takes place in the hepatocytes and the myocytes. The process is under the regulation of two key enzymes: phosphorylase kinase and glycogen phosphorylase.
  11. Calvin’s Cycle of carbohydrates synthesis in plants