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NANOTECHNOLOGY

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Manufacturing technologies at nanometer length scale (10-9m)


Nanometer-one billionth of a meter, about the width of 6 bonded carbon atoms.

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NANOTECHNOLOGY

  1. 1. NANOTECHNOLOGYNANOTECHNOLOGY By SATHISHKUMAR G (sathishsak111@gmail.com)
  2. 2.  Manufacturing technologies at nanometerManufacturing technologies at nanometer length scale (10length scale (10-9-9 m)m)  Nanometer-one billionth of a meter, aboutNanometer-one billionth of a meter, about the width of 6 bonded carbon atoms.the width of 6 bonded carbon atoms. What is nanotechnology?What is nanotechnology?
  3. 3. USESUSES  Engineering drugs (Nanorobots)Engineering drugs (Nanorobots)  Nanorobots – cancer seeking missilesNanorobots – cancer seeking missiles  Three overlapping powerful technologiesThree overlapping powerful technologies 1.Addressing of medical problems by1.Addressing of medical problems by nanostructure materialsnanostructure materials 2.Remarkable advances in biomedicine2.Remarkable advances in biomedicine and bioroboticsand biorobotics 3.Nanorobots in medical armamentarium3.Nanorobots in medical armamentarium
  4. 4. NANOROBOTSNANOROBOTS  Assembled from nanodevices (nano scaleAssembled from nanodevices (nano scale parts)parts)  Size of each part – 1 to 100 nmSize of each part – 1 to 100 nm  Size of the combined parts – 0.5 to 3Size of the combined parts – 0.5 to 3 micronsmicrons  Principle element – carbonPrinciple element – carbon  Carbon – form of diamond (tremendousCarbon – form of diamond (tremendous strength)strength)
  5. 5. APPEARANCE & SIZE OF NANOROBOTSAPPEARANCE & SIZE OF NANOROBOTS  Impossible to say exactly what a genericImpossible to say exactly what a generic nanorobots would look likenanorobots would look like  Intended to travel through the bloodstreamIntended to travel through the bloodstream  500-3000 nanometer (bloodstream robots)500-3000 nanometer (bloodstream robots)  50-100 microns (non - blood borne tissues50-100 microns (non - blood borne tissues robots)robots)  Larger (alimentary or bronchial robots)Larger (alimentary or bronchial robots)
  6. 6.  Implementation – dose & tripsImplementation – dose & trips  1 dose includes 1- 10 trillions (101 dose includes 1- 10 trillions (101212 ))  Volume of body 100,000 cmVolume of body 100,000 cm33  Volume of blood ~5,400cmVolume of blood ~5,400cm33
  7. 7. NANOROBOTNANOROBOT
  8. 8. ARTIFICIAL RED CELLARTIFICIAL RED CELL 1.1.Nano robot – VentilonsNano robot – Ventilons 2.2.Spherical shapeSpherical shape 3.3.Made of 18 billion atomsMade of 18 billion atoms 4.4.Tiny pressure tank has capacityTiny pressure tank has capacity of about 9 billion Oof about 9 billion O22 & CO& CO22 moleculesmolecules 5.5.37% of 29,160 molecular sorting37% of 29,160 molecular sorting rotors (loading & unloading of Orotors (loading & unloading of O22))
  9. 9. 6.Sapphire-non flammable6.Sapphire-non flammable 7.236 times efficient than RBC7.236 times efficient than RBC 8.5cm8.5cm33 dose of 50% ventilonsdose of 50% ventilons carrying capacity of 5400 cmcarrying capacity of 5400 cm33 OO22 molecules in bloodmolecules in blood 9.Commanded by ultra sound9.Commanded by ultra sound transmittertransmitter
  10. 10. CARBON- DI-OXIDE & OXYGEN ARROW indicates high pressure of 1000 atm. CIRCLE indicates nano particles.
  11. 11. DETECTION OF HUMANDETECTION OF HUMAN PHYSIOLOGYPHYSIOLOGY  Measure individual gene activities.Measure individual gene activities.  Cellular protein activitiesCellular protein activities  Intelligent medical system for preventiveIntelligent medical system for preventive carecare ADVANTAGESADVANTAGES  Low power consumptionLow power consumption  Operated by non-laboratory personnelOperated by non-laboratory personnel
  12. 12. DISPLAY MOBILE COMPONENTS NANO SENSORS TO DETECT PULSE RATE & CORPUSCLES NANO ROBOTS TO EXTRACT GLUCOSE CELLS IN BLOOD PINS TO INTAKE BLOOD DETECTION OF SUGAR LEVELDETECTION OF SUGAR LEVEL USING MOBILE PHONESUSING MOBILE PHONES
  13. 13. Nano robots used in our mobile phonesNano robots used in our mobile phones
  14. 14. CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION  Eliminates all 20Eliminates all 20thth century diseasescentury diseases  Nanostructured storage deviceNanostructured storage device  Nanocomputer computes 10 tetra flopsNanocomputer computes 10 tetra flops (10(101313 floating-point ops)floating-point ops)  0.001watts (nanochip) < 25watts(human0.001watts (nanochip) < 25watts(human brain)brain)
  15. 15. Thank youThank you

Manufacturing technologies at nanometer length scale (10-9m) Nanometer-one billionth of a meter, about the width of 6 bonded carbon atoms.

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