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BRONCHOSCOPY

BRONCHOSCOPY is a procedure in which a hollow, flexible tube called a bronchoscope is inserted into the airways through the nose or mouth to provide a view of the TRACHEOBRONCHIAL tree.
It can also be used to collect bronchial and/or lung secretions and to perform tissue biopsy.

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BRONCHOSCOPY

  1. 1. By SATHISHKUMAR G (sathishsak111@gmail.com)
  2. 2.  BRONCHOSCOPY is a procedure in which a hollow, flexible tube called a bronchoscope is inserted into the airways through the nose or mouth to provide a view of the TRACHEOBRONCHIAL tree.  It can also be used to collect bronchial and/or lung secretions and to perform tissue biopsy.
  3. 3.  The instrument used in BRONCHOSCOPY, a bronchoscope.  It is a slender, flexible tube less than 0.5 in (2.5cm) wide and approximately 2ft (0.3cm) long that uses FIBEROPTIC technology (very fine filaments that can bend and carry light)
  4. 4.  There are two types of bronchoscope used in this technique. They are, .RIGID TUBE .FIBREOPTIC TUBE
  5. 5.  During a BRONCHOSCOPY, the physician can visually examine the lower airways, including the larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles.  It is used to examine the mucosal surface of the airways for abnormalities that might be associated with a variety of lung diseases.  Its uses may be diagnostic are therapeutic.
  6. 6.  BRONCHOSCOPY is usually performed in an endoscopy room, but may also be performed at the bedside.  The patient is placed on his back or sits upright.  A pulmonologist, a specialist trained to perform the procedure, sprays an anesthetic into the patients mouth or throat.  Then the bronchoscope is inserted into the patient’s mouth and passed into the throat.
  7. 7.  The patient should fast for 6 to 12 hours prior to the procedure and refrain from drinking any liquids the day of the procedure.  Smoking should be avoided for 24 hours prior to the procedure  Patient should also avoid taking any aspirin or ibuprofen- type medications.
  8. 8.  The BRONCHOSCOPY itself takes about 45-60 minutes.  After the BRONCHOSCOPY, the vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing) are monitored.  No food or drink should be consumed for about 2 hours after the procedure or until the anesthesia wears off.
  9. 9.  Stent therapy  Laser therapy  Argon beam coagulation  BRACHYTHERAPY  Rigid BRONCOSCOPY
  10. 10.  Used to diagnose the disease of the lung, such as cancer or tuberculosis.  Congenital deformity of the lungs  Suspected tumor, obstruction, secretion, bleeding or foreign body in the airways.  Airway abnormalities such as tracheal STENOSES  Persistent cough, or HEMOPTYSIS, that includes blood in the sputum
  11. 11.  Used to remove a foreign body in the lungs  To remove excessive secretions
  12. 12.  Use of bronchoscope mildly irritates the lining of the airways.  It results in some swelling and inflammation, as well as hoarseness caused from abrading the vocal cords.
  13. 13.

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