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• The family is a socially recognized unit of people to each other by kinship or by marital and legal ties.• It is characterized by having a common residence, shared financial resources, cooperation among its members, and its commitment to a common goal in life.• Having children is one of the ultimate goals of getting married.• The married couple must decide if and when they want to have children and what is the size of the family that they can responsibly raise.
Planning the Size of the Family In planning the size of the family you should ponder the following questions in yourself.1. Which do you prefer, a big family or small one? Why?2. Do you think family size affects quality of living?3. How is your family or living situation similar to those of others in your neighborhood? How does it differ?
Family Roles• Father – being the head of the family, has to work and provide for all the needs of the family.• Mother – has the outmost responsibility to manage, direct and the hold the family members together. It is also her duty to administer the necessary disciplinary actions when such are needed.• However, in today’s society, this no longer holds true all the time. To cope with the fast pace and cost of living, both the father and the mother may have to play multi-roles in the family. Both of them may have to work and earn, and at the same time, maintain and manage the family . They now exercise what we call as shared parenting in performing their responsibilities.
Advantages of Having Small Family:1. The basic needs of children like food, clothing, and shelter, as well as education, can be met by parents if they have fewer children.2. Each of the children can get the same amount of attention, love and care from the parents. Therefore, neglect can be avoided.3. Parents can have more time to spare for themselves and not be burdened from working day and night because they have fewer children to support.4. The family can have more time for bonding activities as well as a little luxury because money can be saved if there are fewer mouths to feed.5. Families can afford to look for a better place to live in, conducive to rearing children and far from danger.
Disadvantages of Having Big Family:1. There are fewer opportunities for each child to be given equal care, attention, education, and guidance. Some of them might be neglected because most of the parents’ time will be sent of he younger children.2. The health of the children might be taken for granted in favor of the immediate needs of the family.3. The family members have to settle for smaller portions of food and other material things.4. Proper health care can be adversely affected because budget for it can be diverted to other needs like food, education, or shelter.5. Mothers who get pregnant either too young or too old are prone to complications which endanger both the mother and the child.
Responsibilities of Parents to their Children1.Provide Physical Care.2.Inculcate Discipline.3.Develop social competence.4.Encourage Learning.5.Provide opportunities for education and self-development.6.Inculcate Values.
Responsibilities of Children towards their Parents• With many responsibilities and obligations parents have for their children, the children, in turn, have the responsibilities and roles to play in the family. These are:1. To study hard.2. To spend their allowance wisely.3. To help in household as much as they can.