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ST. AUGUSTINE
“The City of God”
Kaur|Mercado|Pacheco
BSP – 301C
Rise of Christianity
• Collapse of the Roman Empire
• Christianity as the official
religion of the roman Empire.
Who is St. Agustine?
• Born: 13 November 354 A.D.
• Thagaste
• Father : Patricius
Mother: Monica
• He studied Latin gramma...
Who is St. Agustine?
• At the age of 32, he converted to
Christianity
• He became the Bishop of Hippo in
Algeria in 395 A....
THE CITY OF GODS
• To defend Christianity from it
critics
• The collapse of the roman
Empire and the triumph of
Christiani...
THE CITY OF GODS
• For the pagans, the practice of
monotheism and the otherworldly
principles of Christianity weakened
and...
THE CITY OF GODS
• The reversal of roles:
1. The Christians, ostracized and
punished under the rules of
Roman emperor, we ...
• Plato and Aristotle:
–The best rulers and the best form of
government
• St. Augustine:
–The love of God, righteousness, ...
• His works was not political
• He gave emphasis on the following:
 love of God
 Righteousness
 Justice
 Faith
 Salva...
The central idea of the city of God is
the distinction between the Heavenly
city (City of God) and the Earthly
City (City...
EARTHLY CITY HEAVENLY CITY
- Its not purely evil.
- It desires earthly
peace for the sake of
enjoying earthly
goods, and i...
The origin of the state
• Plato and Aristotle:
–End of state: attaining self-
sufficiency or the good life.
• St. Augustin...
The origin of the state
• Why does state exist?
1)Secure and maintain peace
2)Expand God’s kingdom by
converting people to...
Good government vs. Evil
government
• Good Government
–God’s reward for people.
• Evil Government
–Interpreted as some for...
• Human society can be divided into two
cities depending on how men choose
to live.
City of Man: Living according to self...
TWO CITIES
CITY OF GOD CITY OF MAN
 Based on love of God,
even to the contempt of
self.
 The greatest glory is found
in ...
TWO CITIES
CITY OF GOD CITY OF MAN
 Predestined to reign
eternally with god.
 Its princes and
subjects serve on
another ...
ON THE TWO CITIES
 Both desires PEACE.
 City of Man: Peace to enjoy earthly goods.
 City of God: achieve eternal peace
...
• According to St. Augustine:
oCity of man:
- sinful, impious, worldly.
oCity of God:
- saintly elect, the angel and godly...
“Two cities are entangled
together in this world and
intermixed until the last judgment
effect their separation”
- St. Aug...
“Earthly city desires earthly
peace for the sake of enjoying
earthly goods, and it makes war
in order to attain… this peac...
• According to Plato:
–Justice exists in the state when
there is order among its different
elements.
JUSTICE AND PEACE
• According to St. Augustine:
–Conceives justice in terms of the proper
relations between God, and man on the
one hand, an...
• The peace that the state strives is the
means of eternal peace with God,
which is the ultimate end.
• A way to get more ...
• State’s existence is man’s social
nature or the natural social condition
of humanity.
JUSTICE AND PEACE
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St. Augustine - City of God and City of Man

Concepts about City of God and City of Man, justice

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St. Augustine - City of God and City of Man

  1. 1. ST. AUGUSTINE “The City of God” Kaur|Mercado|Pacheco BSP – 301C
  2. 2. Rise of Christianity • Collapse of the Roman Empire • Christianity as the official religion of the roman Empire.
  3. 3. Who is St. Agustine? • Born: 13 November 354 A.D. • Thagaste • Father : Patricius Mother: Monica • He studied Latin grammar and Arithmetic, Roman prose, philosophy and poetry • He taught rhetoric in Milan
  4. 4. Who is St. Agustine? • At the age of 32, he converted to Christianity • He became the Bishop of Hippo in Algeria in 395 A.D. • In 413 – 427 A.D., he wrote the City of God • He died in Algeria in 430 A.D.
  5. 5. THE CITY OF GODS • To defend Christianity from it critics • The collapse of the roman Empire and the triumph of Christianity coincidentally happened.
  6. 6. THE CITY OF GODS • For the pagans, the practice of monotheism and the otherworldly principles of Christianity weakened and cause the eventual decline of the Roman empire.
  7. 7. THE CITY OF GODS • The reversal of roles: 1. The Christians, ostracized and punished under the rules of Roman emperor, we now increasing in number and becoming more dominant. 2. The pagans had become underdogs.
  8. 8. • Plato and Aristotle: –The best rulers and the best form of government • St. Augustine: –The love of God, righteousness, justice, faith and salvation THE CITY OF GODS
  9. 9. • His works was not political • He gave emphasis on the following:  love of God  Righteousness  Justice  Faith  Salvation THE CITY OF GODS
  10. 10. The central idea of the city of God is the distinction between the Heavenly city (City of God) and the Earthly City (City of Man) THE CITY OF GODS
  11. 11. EARTHLY CITY HEAVENLY CITY - Its not purely evil. - It desires earthly peace for the sake of enjoying earthly goods, and it makes war in order attain peace. - The objective of this city is to gather the citizens of the world into one society of pilgrims. - It is said to possess peace by faith which allows it to live righteously.
  12. 12. The origin of the state • Plato and Aristotle: –End of state: attaining self- sufficiency or the good life. • St. Augustine: –End of state: Peace and Justice
  13. 13. The origin of the state • Why does state exist? 1)Secure and maintain peace 2)Expand God’s kingdom by converting people to Christianity
  14. 14. Good government vs. Evil government • Good Government –God’s reward for people. • Evil Government –Interpreted as some form of divine punishment for the people.
  15. 15. • Human society can be divided into two cities depending on how men choose to live. City of Man: Living according to self. City of God: Living according to God’s design/laws. TWO CITIES
  16. 16. TWO CITIES CITY OF GOD CITY OF MAN  Based on love of God, even to the contempt of self.  The greatest glory is found in and with God.  God is the source of its strength.  Consists of those who live according to God.  Based on love of self even to the contempt of God.  Seeks glory from men.  Delights in its own strength as represented in the person of its rulers.  Consists of those who live according to man.
  17. 17. TWO CITIES CITY OF GOD CITY OF MAN  Predestined to reign eternally with god.  Its princes and subjects serve on another in love.  Its end is eternal life in peace or peace in eternal life.  Predestined to suffer eternal punishment with the devil.  Its princes and nations are ruled by the love of ruling.  Its end is earthly peace.
  18. 18. ON THE TWO CITIES  Both desires PEACE.  City of Man: Peace to enjoy earthly goods.  City of God: achieve eternal peace  Both use earthly resources to attain their respective peace.  City of Man: waging of war  City of God: the use of temporal things aids in the attainment of eternal peace.
  19. 19. • According to St. Augustine: oCity of man: - sinful, impious, worldly. oCity of God: - saintly elect, the angel and godly, among others. TWO CITIES
  20. 20. “Two cities are entangled together in this world and intermixed until the last judgment effect their separation” - St. Augustine
  21. 21. “Earthly city desires earthly peace for the sake of enjoying earthly goods, and it makes war in order to attain… this peace” - St. Augustine
  22. 22. • According to Plato: –Justice exists in the state when there is order among its different elements. JUSTICE AND PEACE
  23. 23. • According to St. Augustine: –Conceives justice in terms of the proper relations between God, and man on the one hand, and among men on the other. –True justice can only exist in the state that is founder by God. JUSTICE AND PEACE
  24. 24. • The peace that the state strives is the means of eternal peace with God, which is the ultimate end. • A way to get more and more people to believe in Jesus Christ and adopt the Christian way of life. JUSTICE AND PEACE
  25. 25. • State’s existence is man’s social nature or the natural social condition of humanity. JUSTICE AND PEACE

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