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Development of a kindergartener

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Development of a kindergartener

  1. 1. Development of a Kindergartener By: Sarah Armstrong
  2. 2. What Will I See? • Developmental highlights of 5-7 year olds • Signs of delay • Applications to the classroom
  3. 3. Cognitive Highlights • Begins to recognize, understand and create patterns • Calendar, math, stories • Connecting symbols to representations • Connecting counting or numbers to real objects • Learns through language and logic (abstract thinking and reasoning skills) as opposed to observation Age 6, 7 Cognitive Milestones Video
  4. 4. Social Highlights • Play longer with other children • 15-20 minutes is ideal • Having best friends • This changes frequently • Understands right and wrong • Can follow rules in games and when working in groups Age 6, 7 Language Milestones Video
  5. 5. Emotional Highlights • Can express their feelings with words to other children and adults • You can discuss how to handle feelings appropriately • Is learning to understand other peoples’ feelings • You can teach how to respond to a friend being upset or sad • Confidence emerges (high and low) • Positive feedback and encouragement is necessary • Hurt by criticism Age 6, 7 Emotional Milestones Video
  6. 6. Physical Highlights • Large motor skills are being refined • Run, hop, skip, catch and throw • This is the time to get them started in sports • Fine motor skills are being used and continue to be developed • Painting, drawing, cutting and writing Age 6, 7 Motor Development Video
  7. 7. Age 6 and 7 Delay Signs • • • • Unable to hold a pencil Cannot follow directions You cannot understand them Unable to keep up physically with peers • Withdrawn or not social with peers or family members • Lose skills they’ve already mastered
  8. 8. In the Classroom • Allow them to be involved in physical activities and activities requiring problem solving and social time with others • Teach them how to make and keep friends • They have a ‘’can do’’ attitude and a large capacity for learning and vocabulary. Teach them new, big words and what they mean. • They have a desire to be verbal and to be leaders. Activities like singing, telling stories and drama are great!
  9. 9. Resources • HowCast Child Development Stages playlist: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLALQuK 1NDrjbMxEhMd41O9M-QqMG96v2 • Education.com http://www.education.com/topic/childadolescent-development/ • KidsGrowth http://www.kidsgrowth.com/resources/articledet ail.cfm?id=326