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A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices throughvarious programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks. - Robot Institute of America
Century Inventors Name of Robot13th – 15th Aristotle Automated Rooster18th - 19th Jacques de Vaucanson Digesting Duck18th – 19th Leonardo Da Vinci Mechanical Knight19th – 20th Westinghouse Electric Corporation Elektron
The first reference to the word robot is made in a play by Czech writer Karel Capek In his play he used word “robota” which means serf or an obedient labour.Karel Capek (1890 - 1938)
Westinghouse Electric Corporation Elektron (1939)
Artificial IntelligenceA. DefinitionB. Contribution of John McCarthyC. Basic Concepts of Artificial IntelligenceD. Examples of Artificial Intelligence
An intelligent robot is a machine able to extract information from its environment and use knowledge about its world to move safely in a meaningful and purposeful manner.
Date of Birth: 4/9/1927 Death: 24/10/2011 (aged 84) American computer scientist and cognitive scientist He invented the term "artificial intelligence" (AI)John McCarthy
Artificial Intelligence is nothing but just a program written in C, C++, Java and many other Programming languages. When a robot is given a command, what task to be performed is based on this written program. It can also be said as the brain of a robot. This intelligence is also depended upon the various sensors. E.g. Fire-Fighting-Robot which senses fire and extinguishes it.
It is an autopilot technology for automobiles that allows a car to park itself. It consists of rear-mounted camera, auto turning the steering column and auto brakes and a program to perform the parking properly.1. Self – Parking System
Nowadays, even security cameras has artificial intelligence. They uses night-vision system. Auto – rotating depending upon needs.2. Security Camera
Honda Asimo is based on has a good concept of speech recognition. It can recognize voices of multiple people speaking simultaneously.3. Simultaneous Speech Recognition
COMPONENTS A. BodyB. Actuators C. SensorsD. Controller
Body is typically defined as a graph of links and joints.
A mechanism that supplies and transmits a measuredamount of energy for the operation of another mechanism or system.
A mechanical device sensitive to light, temperature,radiation level, or the light, that transmits a signal to a measuring or control instrument. Temperature Light Sensor Sound Sensor Object Sensors Sensor
Sensors Active Passive Sensors which requires external Sensors which does not requiresenergy source is known as Active external energy source is known as Sensors. Passive Sensors.E.g. Ultrasonic sensors, radar, and E.g. Thermocouples and thermopiles video cameras
A controller is a device or a chip or an IntegratedCircuit which is responsible in controlling the robot on the basis of its requirement. Controller Integrated Circuit Controller
Controller Open-loop Closed- Loop Open-loop controllers execute Closed-loop controllers execute robotrobot movement without feedback. movement and judge progress with sensors. They can thus compensate for errors. W W A A L L L L Robot Robot
Basic Applications But they are just the applicationsa. Weight lifting we usually see in movies or books.b. Protection So to know what they really are we should ,Move on with the nextc. Becoming a hero in movies slides…….!!!d. Weldinge. Become toysf. Epic story charctersg. Teachersh. Inspection
Material Handling Manipulator Assembly Manipulator
TROV in Antarctica operating under water HAZBOT operating in atmospheres containing combustible gases
AsimoA. Birth History of AsimoB. Asimo TodayC. Asimo CapabilitiesD. Pros and ConsE. Future of Asimo
Created by Honda Motor Company in 1986ASIMO (Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility)Started off at over six feet tall and often feel downThe company was getting frustrated with the projectand almost gave up hope
1991 the ASIMO robot was now able to steadily walkIt also developed the ability to walk on an inclineBy 1997 the robot was reduced in size to 4 feetThis feature enabled the robot to do activities that humanscould do such as sit at a computer, turn on a light switch,and turn doorknobs
In 2000 the robot wasintroduced to the world2005 Honda embedded a ICcommunication card thatenabled the robot tocommunicate with people
Recognition of movingobjectsRecognition of posture andgestureEnvironmental recognitionDistinguishing soundsFacial Recognition
The robot can follow and greet a personCan recognize when a handshake is offered and wave inback to someoneCan distinguish objects and terrain in its environmentDistinguish between voices and other soundsIdentify 10 different faces and once they are registeredthey can respond to them by name
Pros ConsIt can do tedious chores that People fear that robot will taketake up a lot of time over their jobHelp the elderly and disabled Less personal communicationCan perform certain tasks thatare dangerous to humans Fear that robots will take over human activityProductivity can increase
Inspiring young scientistEducationComplete the ASIMO so it can bean extra set of hands, ears, eyesfor humansMake it more affordable than itsone million price currently
The ASIMO robot is an amazing technologicaladvancementThis will allow people allocate their time in a moreproductive mannerThe ASIMO robot will provide a number of positivecontributions to human beings
Future of RoboticsA. Isaac asimov’s three lawsB. Robotics in Future WarfareC. Advantages of using robot in future warsD. Military robot strategiesE. Robot in Future
1) A robot may not injure ahuman being or through inaction,allow a human being to come to harm2) A robot must obey orders given it byhuman beings except where suchorders would conflict with the First Law3) A robot must protect its own existenceas long as such protection doesnot conflict with the First or Second Law.
Advantages of using robots in future wars: No need to encase and protect humans in vehicles: smaller, lighter, less expensive Expendable: suicide missions More survivable: small signature More maneuverable: faster, higher acceleration Faster response time: pre-positioning No casualties: riskier maneuvers and tactics
Indefatigable: no need for sleep or rest Autonomous: fewer personnel can supervise more systems Advancing, emerging technology: advantage of U.S. strength and decreasing cost Disruptive, transformative technology: can counter new threats
If enemy is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them Robotic systems are tireless and will implacably and remorselessly hound the enemy Robotic swarms can infiltrate enemy forces and cause them to scatter
Do not repeat the tactics which have gained you one victory, but let your methods be regulated by the infinite variety of circumstances. Prospective tactics can be tested in near-real time by distributed interactive simulators embedded within the systems
Robotics – military and civilian – will become ubiquitous in peace and war There will be almost no human combatants on the battlefield Robots will generate $12 trillion in annual U.S. revenue (2009 dollars) – approximately the U.S. GDP in 2007
Summary Birth Story of Robotics Components Automated Rooster Body Digesting Duck Actuators Mechanical Knight Sensors Elektron Controller Artificial Intelligence Applications of Robotics Definition Weight lifting Contribution of John McCarthy Protection Basic Concepts of Artificial Becoming a hero in movies Intelligence Welding Examples of Artificial Intelligence Inspection
Summary Latest Trends (Asimo) Birth History of Asimo Asimo Today Asimo Capabilities Pros and Cons Future of Robotics (War Tactics) Isaac asimov’s three laws Robotics in Future Warfare Advantages of robot in future wars Robot in Future
References World Wide Web Presentations Introduction to Robotics – Daniyal Syed www.wikipedia.org Artificial Intelligence – John Morris www.google.co.in Robotics – D.M. Tambe www.existor.com www.authorstream.com www.slideshare.com www.thinkquest.org