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RESEARCH METHODS IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING

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RESEARCH METHODS IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING

  1. 1. RESEARCH METHODS IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING A presentation by Sandra Schön & Martin Ebner
  2. 2. Adjunct Professor of Innovations in Learning at Universitas Negeri Malang Project manager at Forum New Media in Higher Education Austria (fnma.at) Senior Researcher at Graz University of Technology (Educational Technology), Austria DR. SANDRA SCHÖNTHISISME!
  3. 3. License This presentation is published under the CC BY-SA international 4.0 license, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en Please attribute to Sandra Schön and Martin Ebner
  4. 4. THREE WAYS OF RESEARCH METHODS TYPOLOGIES • Different research approaches • Qualitative vs. Quantitative approach • Different research purposes
  5. 5. THREE WAYS OF RESEARCH METHODS TYPOLOGIES • Different research approaches • Qualitative vs. Quantitative approach • Different research purposes
  6. 6. Sandra Schön 2020 S. Schön & M. Ebner Three Research Approaches https://yout u.be/SEBbB 46ojTs
  7. 7. different research approaches:3• Hypothesis testing research • Explorative research • Design-based research You should have an idea of…
  8. 8. METHODS TYPOLOGY 1 HYPOTHESIS TESTING APPROACH DESIGN- BASED APPROACH EXPLORATIVE APPROACH
  9. 9. METHODS TYPOLOGY 1 HYPOTHESIS TESTING APPROACH DESIGN- BASED APPROACH EXPLORATIVE APPROACH IS A CERTAIN “HYPOTHESIS“ RIGHT?
  10. 10. METHODS TYPOLOGY 1 HYPOTHESIS TESTING APPROACH DESIGN- BASED APPROACH EXPLORATIVE APPROACH IS A CERTAIN “HYPOTHESIS“ RIGHT? ARE THERE ANY …RULES? …EXPLANATION?
  11. 11. METHODS TYPOLOGY 1 HYPOTHESIS TESTING APPROACH DESIGN- BASED APPROACH EXPLORATIVE APPROACH IS A CERTAIN “HYPOTHESIS“ RIGHT? ARE THERE ANY …RULES? …EXPLANATION? HOW TO DEVELOP/ IMPLEMENT S.TH. NOVEL
  12. 12. THREE WAYS OF RESEARCH METHODS TYPOLOGIES • Different research approaches • Qualitative vs. Quantitative approach • Different research purposes
  13. 13. METHODS TYPOLOGY 2 QUANTITATIVE METHODS QUALITATIVE METHODS
  14. 14. METHODS TYPOLOGY 2 QUANTITATIVE METHODS QUALITATIVE METHODS
  15. 15. METHODS TYPOLOGY 2 EXAMPLES QUANTITATIVE METHODS QUALITATIVE METHODS FIELD / PARTICPATIVE RESEARCH STATISTICS
  16. 16. METHODS TYPOLOGY 2 QUANTITATIVE METHODS QUALITATIVE METHODS
  17. 17. METHODS TYPOLOGY 2 QUANTITATIVE METHODS QUALITATIVE METHODS METHOD MIX
  18. 18. THREE WAYS OF RESEARCH METHODS TYPOLOGIES • Different research approaches • Qualitative vs. Quantitative approach • Different research purposes
  19. 19. METHODS TYPOLOGY 3 DIFFERENT RESEARCH PURPOSES DATA COLLECTION DEVELOP- MENT DATA ANALYSIS
  20. 20. HOW TO GET DATA? HOW TO DEAL WITH DATA? HOW TO IMPLEMENT S.TH. NEW? METHODS TYPOLOGY 3 DIFFERENT RESEARCH PURPOSES DATA COLLECTION DEVELOP- MENT DATA ANALYSIS
  21. 21. HOW TO GET DATA? HOW TO DEAL WITH DATA? HOW TO IMPLEMENT S.TH. NEW? METHODS TYPOLOGY 3 DIFFERENT RESEARCH PURPOSES DATA COLLECTION DEVELOP- MENT DATA ANALYSIS
  22. 22. DATA COLLECTION • OBSERVATION
  23. 23. DATA COLLECTION • OBSERVATION • SURVEY • ORAL/WRITTEN/ONLINE • OPEN/STANDARDIZED QUESTIONS • …
  24. 24. DATA COLLECTION • OBSERVATION • SURVEY • TEST • ORAL/WRITTEN/ONLINE • OPEN/STANDARDIZED QUESTIONS • … • STANDARDIZED, APPROVED, e.g. INTELLIGENCE TEST
  25. 25. DATA COLLECTION IF YOU WANT TO COMPARE GROUP A GROUP B
  26. 26. DATA COLLECTION IF YOU WANT TO COMPARE PRE- TEST POST- TEST INTER- VENTION
  27. 27. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENT COMPLETELY CONTROLLED SETTING
  28. 28. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENT CONTROLLED CHANGE OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLE COMPLETELY CONTROLLED SETTING
  29. 29. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENT DEPENDENT VARIABLE CONTROLLED CHANGE OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLE COMPLETELY CONTROLLED SETTING
  30. 30. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENT DEPENDENT VARIABLE CONTROLLED CHANGE OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLE E.G. LIGHT COMPLETELY CONTROLLED SETTING E.G. TEST RESULT
  31. 31. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENTS IN LEARNING/TEACHING
  32. 32. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENTS IN LEARNING/TEACHING • CONTROLLING OTHER VARIABLES (prior knowledge, communication)
  33. 33. DATA COLLECTION EXPERIMENTS IN LEARNING/TEACHING • CONTROLLING OTHER VARIABLES (prior knowledge, communication) • REAL EXPERIMENTS ARE VERY SELDOM!
  34. 34. DATA ANALYSIS • Statistical approaches (descriptive, inference)
  35. 35. DATA ANALYSIS • Statistical approaches (descriptive, inference) • Algorithmic approaches (decision tree, cluster) Children Age < 8 Age > 8 girls boys
  36. 36. DATA ANALYSIS • Educational Data Mining (esp. explorative!)
  37. 37. DATA ANALYSIS • Educational Data Mining (esp. explorative!) • Learning Analytics (to support learners)
  38. 38. DATA ANALYSIS • QUALITATIVE APPROACHES
  39. 39. DATA ANALYSIS • QUALITATIVE APPROACHES e.g. identifying categories for school-drop-outs in open interviews
  40. 40. DEVELOPMENT TEACHING/LEARNING • Instructional Design Theory • E.g. ADDIE-Model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation)
  41. 41. DEVELOPMENT TEACHING/LEARNING • Instructional Design Theory • E.g. ADDIE-Model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) TECHNOLOGIES • User Centred Design • Prototyping
  42. 42. THREE WAYS OF RESEARCH METHODS TYPOLOGIES • Different research approaches • Qualitative vs. Quantitative approach • Different research purposes I PRESENTED …
  43. 43. Schön, Sandra & Ebner, Martin (2020). Research approaches and methods in technology-enhanced learning. (Version July 2020). And more links and materials can be found here: https://sansch.wordpress.com/?p=8065 READ MORE
  44. 44. COMMON CHALLENGE IN RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING
  45. 45. COMMON CHALLENGE IN RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES ARE NEW
  46. 46. COMMON CHALLENGE IN RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES ARE NEWAssociation of positive change
  47. 47. COMMON CHALLENGE IN RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES ARE NEWAssociation of positive change Expectation of positive change
  48. 48. COMMON CHALLENGE IN RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES ARE NEWAssociation of positive change Expectation of positive change File-drawer effect (bias)
  49. 49. COMMON CHALLENGE IN RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES ARE NEWAssociation of positive change Expectation of positive change File-drawer effect (bias) novelty effects
  50. 50. Adjunct Professor of Innovations in Learning at Universitas Negeri Malang https://sandra-schoen.de DR. SANDRA SCHÖN THANKS!
  51. 51. Sources • Photos are from pixabay.de (CC 0) • Schön, Sandra & Ebner, Martin (2020). Research approaches and methods in technology-enhanced learning. (Version July 2020) • Drawings by Sandra Schön (CC BY 4.0 Int.)

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