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How to present a journal club?
Contents 
Introduction 
Definition of journal 
 Need of the journal club 
Evolution of journal 
Definition of journal...
Contents contd…. 
Types of journal club 
How to start a journal club 
Impact of journal club 
Evaluation of journal cl...
Introduction 
Medical literature is continually 
expanding 
Concepts, ideas, beliefs are undergoing rapid 
transformatio...
Introduction contd… 
The journal club provides a forum to remain 
current with the literature and also offers an 
opportu...
Definition of journal 
It is a periodical , aimed at a particular discipline.
Different from a magazine
Why do we need to read 
journals? 
To impress 
To keep abreast 
of professional 
news 
To understand 
patho-biology 
Learn...
Different types of scientific 
writing 
Original article 
Case report 
Review article 
Editorial 
Letters to the edit...
Key dates in evolution of 
scientific publishing 
1665 – first scientific journal 
1820’s – first specialist journal 
1...
Key dates in evolution of scientific 
publishing contd… 
1960’s- summaries at the end became abstract 
1970’s – database...
Classification of scientific 
papers 
Data driven papers 
Tutorial papers 
Method mongering papers 
Consciousness rais...
Definition of journal club 
A journal club is a group of individual who meet 
regularly to critically read, understand an...
Historical background of 
journal club 
Journal clubs have been used as a teaching or 
learning format in academic medici...
Historical background of journal 
club contd… 
He describes a group at St. Bartholomew’s 
hospital in London 1835-1854 AD...
Aim of Journal club 
Till 1980’s it was to provide its member with up-to 
date medical literature but quite recently it h...
Common journal club goals 
1. Providing participation with an update of medical 
or dental literature. 
2. Teaching and le...
Benefits 
Learning presentation skill 
Feedback to the presenter. 
Better performance.
Responsibility
Timetable and location
Preparation 
Encourage the presenter to plan ahead. 
Confirmed presentation. 
Papers should be handed out to participan...
Presentation 
Chalk and talk 
Overhead projector 
Power point
Delivery
Types of journal clubs 
1. Journal clubs aimed at updating knowledge related to a 
field of interest. 
2.Journal club aime...
4. Problem based journal club- centered on a problem. 
- format 
5. Alternative journal club- video, book, review and 
sto...
How to start a 
journal club? 
1. Select a director 
2. Define the goals 
3. Optimize attendance 
4. Generate participant ...
Guidelines 
Introduction 
Short review 
Presenting and evaluating the data from the research 
article 
Briefly outline...
Journal club should include 
Title 
Author and place of work 
Introduction 
Material 
Methods 
Results 
Discussion ...
Journal club format 
Articles are selected by director and proposed by 
student earlier. 
Approval 2-3 weeks before. 
A...
Journal club session
Journal club session 
Round table 
conference 
Horse shoe 
shaped
Journal club session contd… 
1. Horse shoe or round table 
2. Presenter initiates and lead the discussion 
3. Moderator so...
Do’s and don’ts 
Organizer 
Presenter 
•Timetable 
•Snacks 
•Supportive senior clinician 
•Things for last minute 
•Choo...
Select articles which have different study designs 
Creating a controversy 
Meticulous analysis of a single article 
P...
Why journal club 
Journal clubs are valued as a means 
of keeping abreast with the literature. 
Journal club offers a fo...
Impact of journal club 
Improves reading habits by enabling critical 
thinking, meta-questioning, meta-thinking etc. 
It...
Impact of journal club contd… 
Make the members to be more skeptical of the 
authors conclusion. 
It improves knowledge ...
Evaluation of journal club 
In order to keep the journal club stimulating to its 
audience it will probably have to under...
Conclusion
References 
Nagesh L. a hand book on journal club and critical 
evaluation.1st edition Davangere: kavitha printers and 
b...
How to present a journal club
How to present a journal club
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How to present a journal club

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How to present a journal club

  1. 1. How to present a journal club?
  2. 2. Contents Introduction Definition of journal  Need of the journal club Evolution of journal Definition of journal club Aim and goal of journal club
  3. 3. Contents contd…. Types of journal club How to start a journal club Impact of journal club Evaluation of journal club Conclusion References
  4. 4. Introduction Medical literature is continually expanding Concepts, ideas, beliefs are undergoing rapid transformation. Imperative on the part of academicians, practitioners, students and the researchers to keep up with the vast amount of information available.
  5. 5. Introduction contd… The journal club provides a forum to remain current with the literature and also offers an opportunity to learn methods of critically evaluating journal articles. Journal clubs are usually organized around a defined subject in basic or applied research.
  6. 6. Definition of journal It is a periodical , aimed at a particular discipline.
  7. 7. Different from a magazine
  8. 8. Why do we need to read journals? To impress To keep abreast of professional news To understand patho-biology Learn clinical features and cause Whether to use a new or existing diagnostic test Handling of a problem To distinguish useful from harmful Need of health care, quality and cost effectiveness To be titillated by letters to the editors
  9. 9. Different types of scientific writing Original article Case report Review article Editorial Letters to the editor
  10. 10. Key dates in evolution of scientific publishing 1665 – first scientific journal 1820’s – first specialist journal 1870’s – references began to be collected at the end of the articles. 1920’s – first summaries appeared in the end of the article. 1930’s – first paper on the use of statistics 1950’s – widespread use of IMRAD format
  11. 11. Key dates in evolution of scientific publishing contd… 1960’s- summaries at the end became abstract 1970’s – database introduced 1980’s – first international conference on peer-review. 1990’s – introduction of electronic journal.
  12. 12. Classification of scientific papers Data driven papers Tutorial papers Method mongering papers Consciousness raising papers. Theoretical papers. Review papers. Demonstration of concept papers.
  13. 13. Definition of journal club A journal club is a group of individual who meet regularly to critically read, understand and evaluate recent articles published in medical or dental literature.
  14. 14. Historical background of journal club Journal clubs have been used as a teaching or learning format in academic medicine for over a hundred years. The earliest reference to a journal club is found in a book of memoirs and letters by the late Sir James Paget, a British surgeon.
  15. 15. Historical background of journal club contd… He describes a group at St. Bartholomew’s hospital in London 1835-1854 AD. Sir William Osler is often recognized as the founder of journal clubs in North America in McGill University in 1875 AD.
  16. 16. Aim of Journal club Till 1980’s it was to provide its member with up-to date medical literature but quite recently it has become a forum for teaching and learning critical appraisal techniques and a method to promote evidence-based medical practice.
  17. 17. Common journal club goals 1. Providing participation with an update of medical or dental literature. 2. Teaching and learning the technique of critical appraisal of available literature. 3. Promoting the importance of valid research findings into regular practice at individual or community level.
  18. 18. Benefits Learning presentation skill Feedback to the presenter. Better performance.
  19. 19. Responsibility
  20. 20. Timetable and location
  21. 21. Preparation Encourage the presenter to plan ahead. Confirmed presentation. Papers should be handed out to participant to read in advance.
  22. 22. Presentation Chalk and talk Overhead projector Power point
  23. 23. Delivery
  24. 24. Types of journal clubs 1. Journal clubs aimed at updating knowledge related to a field of interest. 2.Journal club aimed at updating clinical practice. 3. Journal club which aim at teaching and learning critical appraisal techniques with evidence based medicine and dentistry. a) critical appraisal Journal club b) evidence based Journal club
  25. 25. 4. Problem based journal club- centered on a problem. - format 5. Alternative journal club- video, book, review and storytelling 6. Innovative journal club-a) relating the learning task to immediate work experience b) use of problem solving c) use of multiple teaching format d) use of frequent constructive format.
  26. 26. How to start a journal club? 1. Select a director 2. Define the goals 3. Optimize attendance 4. Generate participant interest 5. Special preparation for journal club with critical appraisal techniques.
  27. 27. Guidelines Introduction Short review Presenting and evaluating the data from the research article Briefly outline the experimental design for the paper. By using the key figures from the paper, how the data support the conclusion Conclusion
  28. 28. Journal club should include Title Author and place of work Introduction Material Methods Results Discussion What questions to ask? General rules.
  29. 29. Journal club format Articles are selected by director and proposed by student earlier. Approval 2-3 weeks before. A specific participant is assigned the task of presenting the article. Student should confidently present the content, evaluation report with his/her own opinion and defend with proper reasoning.
  30. 30. Journal club session
  31. 31. Journal club session Round table conference Horse shoe shaped
  32. 32. Journal club session contd… 1. Horse shoe or round table 2. Presenter initiates and lead the discussion 3. Moderator solicit the comments from participating to stimulate discussion when they are not forthcoming. 4. Director should direct the session and break impasse when confronted by one 5. An attempt should be made by the members to reach consensus especially in the wake of divergent opinions.
  33. 33. Do’s and don’ts Organizer Presenter •Timetable •Snacks •Supportive senior clinician •Things for last minute •Choose clinically relevant papers •Summary in own words •Don’t run over the allocated time
  34. 34. Select articles which have different study designs Creating a controversy Meticulous analysis of a single article Problem based learning
  35. 35. Why journal club Journal clubs are valued as a means of keeping abreast with the literature. Journal club offers a forum for teaching and learning critical appraisal techniques.
  36. 36. Impact of journal club Improves reading habits by enabling critical thinking, meta-questioning, meta-thinking etc. It expands the body of knowledge within a person. It facilitates acquisition of new skills. It induces scientific temperament by promoting questioning attitude.
  37. 37. Impact of journal club contd… Make the members to be more skeptical of the authors conclusion. It improves knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics.
  38. 38. Evaluation of journal club In order to keep the journal club stimulating to its audience it will probably have to undergo periodic refinement. The best way to decide whether any adjustment are necessary is to ask the participant whether they are satisfied with the conference.
  39. 39. Conclusion
  40. 40. References Nagesh L. a hand book on journal club and critical evaluation.1st edition Davangere: kavitha printers and book binding works. Daniel RS. Techniques in medical education.BMJ 2002;325:137. Valentini RP. The journal club. Technique in medical education 96; 16:5-10.

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