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theories of intelligence

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  1. 1. GROUP # 5
  2. 2. WHAT IS INTELLIGENCE? Intelligence is a capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar form s of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts ,meanings, etc. In short the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge and skills.
  3. 3. DAVID WECHSLER: “Intelligence is the global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with his environment” Linda gottfredson: “Intelligence is the ability to deal with cognitive complexity” Cyril Burt “Innate general cognitive ability”
  4. 4. HISTORY OF INTELLIGENCE:
  5. 5. THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE: Spearman’s theory Primary mental theory Multiple intelligence theory Tragic theory of intelligence Guilford theory of intelligence Cattell theory of intelligence
  6. 6. GUILFORD THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE:
  7. 7. HOWARD GARDNER THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE:
  8. 8. CATTELL THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE:
  9. 9. CONCLUSION: The concept of intelligence has been one of the most contentious in psychology, with controversy spanning the lifetime of the research area . The most controversial claims have come from certain scientists that intelligence varies between races , giving some races the right to govern over others . Regardless of the way in which intelligence is defined or measured, human beings have great intellectual abilities , to think, reason ,and understand the world in which we live, the way other people think and act, and to understand ourselves , As we advance in our development as individual and collectively as a species, recognizing and appreciating the diversity that is contained within this concept may be more valuable than trying to ascertain how to quantify it .

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