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THE PASSIVE VOICE
THE PASSIVE VOICE
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The passive voice

  1. 1. The passive voice
  2. 2. USE OF THE PASSIVE VOICE • To indicate that what is important is the action and the subject is unimportant or unknown. • To prevent an active sentence whose subject would they, somebody, someone, etc.
  3. 3. FORM OF THE PASSIVE VERB (GENERAL RULE) • It is formed with the verb to be more the past participle of the main verb. • Passing to a sentence to passive gets to be at the same time I had the verb in the active voice. • The subject is placed at the end of the preposition preceded by.
  4. 4. EXAMPLES • Present Simple: • He opens the door / The door is opened by him • Past Simple: • He opened the door/ The door was opened by him
  5. 5. EXAMPLES • Present Perfect: • He has opened the door / The door has been opened by him • Past Perfect Simple: • He had opened the door / The door had been opened by him
  6. 6. EXAMPLES • Future Simple: • He will open the door / The door will be opened by him • Be going to: • He is going to open the door / The door is going to be opened by him
  7. 7. EXAMPLES • Modal verbs (must, can , should): • He can open the door / The door can be opened by him
  8. 8. ACTIVE TO PASSIVE TRANSFORMATION CHANGES IN THE SENTENCE • If the subject of the active sentence is a personal pronoun, active is changed by its object pronoun (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them) • If there is a direct and indirect complement the active sentence, the two can be the subject of the passive sentence.
  9. 9. ACTIVE TO PASSIVE TRANSFORMATION CHANGES IN THE SENTENCE • If the indirect object is a pronoun, in the passive form must be used subject. • If the sentence active there is a modal verb or be going to, put in passive verb that follows.
  10. 10. EXAMPLES: • They buy newspapers / Newspapers are bought by them • I saw the film / The film was seen by me • We have cooked a chicken / A chicken has been cooked by us • Tourism had increased benefits / Benefits had been increased by tourism • She will sing a song / A song will be sung by her
  11. 11. By Samuel Romero Barberán

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