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Community empowerment for rural developement sameera thilakarathna
Projects in Sri
• Present World is consist of 46% of Rural population .
• Today Rural areas are facing major challenges
• Rural Development
• Rural development may be defined as,
“ overall development of rural areas to improve the quality of
life of rural people. It is an integrated process, which includes social,
economical, political and spiritual development of the poorer sections
of the society.
• What is a Community?
UNAIDS defines ``community'' as that a community is a group
of people who have something in common and will act together
in their common interest.
• Empowerment –
Empowerment' refers to the process by which people gain
control over the factors and decisions that shape their lives.
Community empowerment refers to the process of enabling
communities to increase control over their lives.
New vision for Rural Development –
• New vision Required for Rural development:
A vision of prosperity through the empowerment of
• Top-down plans and donor-driven investment programs
have proven less than successful.
• An empowered community is one which is:
Dimensions of Community Empowerment
Confident Inclusive Organized
How traditional approach to rural development different
from community empowerment?
Traditional / short cut approach
You contract with a builder, based on lowest cost,
A community empowerment approach
You involve local people in discussions about the roof.
Involve the group working with.
You encourage people to work as a team and work to each other’s
– You encourage the group to look at projects elsewhere. How have other
groups worked with contractors, what did they learn, who did they use
and what happened?
– You encourage the group to make decisions and they do this within
Community Empowerment Process
Importance of Community Empowerment
• Objective of community Empowerment is,
to strengthen the community’s capacity to identify problems and
come up with the solutions,
carry out action plans,
as well as monitor the progress and make an appropriate evaluation
Advantages of Community Empowerment
• Encourages active involvement through the participation of all members of the
• Community empowerment builds on local strengths, creativity and resource,
and actively seeks to decrease dependency on, as a result sustainability is
• Equity in decision making processes, resources mobilization.
• Enhanced motivation of the community.
• Builds the capacity of the community by encouraging the acquisition of relevant
Challenges in community empowerment:
• Less room allowed for community participation.
• communities are often primarily motivated by their
strong sense of urgency about achieving their preset
objectives and timeline.
• Incomplete participation or representation in
• Resistance to change
Rural Development Projects for community
empowerment in Sri Lanka
• Gemi Diriya
• EMPOWERING WOMEN- Sahana Sri lanka
• Fisheries Community Empowerment – 130mn – 21 Activities conducted
• Rural Agricultural Development
• Village Uplifting Program - 2015 (Gama Neguma)
• Road Development
• Drug Prevention
• Milk Production and Delivery
• Rural Development and Poverty Reduction
• Child Malnutrition Prevention
“Empowered rural community sustainably contributing to rural
economy of the Eastern Province.”
World Bank Country Director Naoko Iishi inspects
a water supply project(Gemidiriya project) in
Perahettiya in Badulla.
Maga Neguma project Kegalle -Tholangamuwa
Ussana Irrigation scheme -Mathale
• Community empowerment practitioners firstly need to
ensure that community members take ownership of the
• Secondly, creating strong links to outside resources and
development partners as communities are not closed and
self- sustaining systems.
• Thirdly, for a successful community participation requires
a strong skilled local leadership
• Fourthly, optimal community leadership and optimal
– cited on 22.09.2007
– cited on 22.09.2007
⁻ cited on 25.09.2007
⁻ cited on 25.09.2007