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Disaster management

Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, and recovery to lessen the impact of disasters.
Geophysical (e.g. Earthquakes, Landslides, Tsunamis, and Volcanic Activity)
Hydrological (e.g. Avalanches and Floods)
Climatological (e.g. Extreme Temperatures, Drought, and Wildfires)
Meteorological (e.g. Cyclones and Storms/Wave Surges)
Biological (e.g. Disease Epidemics and Insect/Animal Plagues)

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Disaster management

  1. 1. 2020 disaster management Presentation Tagline
  2. 2. Disaster Management 2 Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.•
  3. 3. 3 Natural Disasters Man-Made Disasters• Geophysical (e.g. Earthquakes, Landslides, Tsunamis and Volcanic Activity) • Hydrological (e.g. Avalanches and Floods) • Climatological (e.g. Extreme Temperatures, Drought and Wildfires) • Meteorological (e.g. Cyclones and Storms/Wave Surges) • Biological (e.g. Disease Epidemics and Insect/Animal Plagues) • Environmental Degradation • Pollution • Accidents (e.g. Industrial, Technological and Transport usually involving the production, use or transport of hazardous materials) Types of disaster
  4. 4. Natural disaster 4ADD A FOOTER •
  5. 5. 5ADD A FOOTER Natural disaster A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, sto rms, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage property,[1] and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience and on the infrastructure available.
  6. 6. 6ADD A FOOTER Earthquake, any sudden shaking of the ground caused by the passage of seismic waves through Earth’s rocks. Seismic waves are produced when some form of energy stored in Earth’s crust is suddenly released, usually when masses of rock straining against one another suddenly fracture and “slip.” Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one another. The major fault lines of the world are located at the fringes of the huge tectonic plates that make up Earth’s crust. Earthquake
  7. 7. 7ADD A FOOTER • flood can be defined as an overflow of large quantities of water onto a normally dry land. Flooding happens in many ways due to overflow of streams, rivers, lakes or oceans or as a result of excessive rain. • Whenever flooding takes place, there is the possibility of loss of life, hardship to people, and extensive damage to property. This is because flooding can carry bridges, cars, houses, and even people. Flooding also destroys crops and can wipe away trees and other important structures on land flood
  8. 8. 8 Man-Made Disasters Man-made disasters can include hazardous material spills, fires, groundwater contamination, transportation accidents, structure failures, mining accidents, explosions and acts of terrorism. There are actions that we can take to prepare to react appropriately to these events. The key to acting appropriately to these man-made threats is to find out what you need to do and what you need to have in advance of a man-made emergency and to prepare to respond appropriately.
  9. 9. 9ADD A FOOTER In 1984, a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, resealed 30 metric tons of methyl isocyanite into the atmosphere. The Union Carbide India Limited chemical plant was in extremely poor condition and had broken dozens of safety regulations years before the accident. However, the errors accumulated in time and on the night of December the third, a safety release system activated and emptied a storage tank in the air, in order to prevent a huge chemical explosion. The release spread highly toxic chemicals over Bhopal and the neighboring areas. Official death count by the Indian government is 3,787 bodies, however, unofficial records state 8,000 deaths or more tied to the disaster. The Bhopal Gas Leak
  10. 10. 10ADD A FOOTER • The winter of ‘52 was a cold one for Londoners. At the time, people heated their homes with mainly coal powered heaters. Naturally, the consumption increased to battle the chills. It wouldn’t have been a problem if there wasn’t an anticyclone right on top of the city which collected the burned pollutants and smoke, and formed a thick layer of smog over the entire city. It lasted for four days and due to nature of the city nobody paid attention. However, the smog was highly toxic and hit the lungs of pretty much every inhabitant. Later in the year, when medical reports were analysed, it was found that four thousand people have died prematurely and a hundred thousand more developed dreadful respiratory illnesses. I guess ignorance is not always blessed. London’s Great Smog
  11. 11. 11ADD A FOOTER
  12. 12. Steps for Handling Disasters 12 Before disaster • Provide necessary training and safety education for team members. • Be knowledgeable of emergency supplies and their locations. • Arrange in advance for drying and freezing space, as well as, a clean, dry location for undamaged materials. • Make arrangements with disaster recovery or restoration companies for large disasters. • Arrange in advance contracts and/or agreements with restoration companies for recovery
  13. 13. Steps for Handling Disasters 13 In the event of a disaster • In a disaster, activate proper evacuation and safety procedures first. • Activate the emergency alarm and notify emergency services. • Notify upper management of the type of disaster. • Start calling list of team members assigned to disaster recovery. • Label and remove damaged materials or materials that are not damaged, depending on the volume of damaged documents and/or the extent of damage to the facility housing the documents.
  14. 14. THANK YOU!
  15. 15. Sakshi 15ADD A FOOTER 2nd year

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