Practical utility of Paradi Gunas

Practical utility of Paradi Gunas
Practical Utility of Paradi Gunas
Dr. Sachin S. Bagali MD (Ayu)
Assistant Professor
Department of Samhita & Siddantha
BLDEA’s AVS AMV Vijayapur
Introduction
 The concept of Paradi Gunas is explained in
Atreyabhadrakapiya Adhyaya of Charaka
Samhita for getting success in the treatment.
 The quotation ÍxÉkrÉÑmÉÉrÉͶÉÌMüixÉÉrÉ says that these
Paradi Gunas are upaya for Chikitsa Siddhi.
ऩरादि गुणः (10)
ऩराऩरत्व युक्तिश्च संख्या संयोग एव च।
ववभागश्च ऩृथतत्व च ऩररमाणम अथावऩ च ॥
संस्कारोऽभ्यास इत्यिे गुणा ज्ञेयाः ऩराियः ॥
(च. सू. २६/ २९-३०)
 ऩरत्व  (Superior/Pradhana)
 अऩरत्व  (Inferior/Apradhana)
 युक्ति  (Planning/ Yojana)
 संख्या  (Numbers)
 संयोग  (Combination)
 ववभाग  (Separation)
 ऩृथकत्व  (Differentiating factor)
 ऩररमाण  (Measuring)
 संस्कार  (Processing)
 अभ्यास  (Practice)
ऩरत्व अऩरत्व
ऩरत्वं प्रधानत्वम ।
(ck. C su 26/31)
अऩरत्व अप्रधानत्वम।
(ck. C su 26/31)
Desa
Kala
Vaya
Anupa
Adana
Vruddha
Jangala
Visarga
Taruna
Desa
Kala
Vaya
युक्ति (Planning)
युक्तिश्च योजना या िु युज्यिे ॥
(ck. C su 26/31)
संख्या (Numbering)
संख्या स्याद् गणीिम ॥
(ck. C su 26/31)
Counting number which are used to calculate  Sankhya
Eg 
1,2,3..
Tridosha, Saptha dhatu…
संयोग (Combination)
योग सह संयोग उच्चच्चयिे ।
(ck. C su 26/31)
Combination of 2 or more dravya
It is Anithya because it vanishes due to Vibhaga
Eg 
Samyoga of Honey & Ghee harm the body
Individually good for the body
Types
Eka
karmaja
Dwandwa
Karmaja
Sarva
karmaja
Charaka
Abhyantara
karmaja
Ubhaya
Karmaja
Samyogaja
Karmaja
Vaisesokta
Combination of 2
but 1 functioning
Eg:
Eka doshaja Vyadhi
A bird on a tree
Combination of 2
both functioning
Eg:
Dwi doshaja Vyadhi
Fighting of two
sheep's
Combination of
more than 2 & all
are functioning
Eg:
Tri doshaja Vyadhi
Joining of people
in meeting
ववभाग (Separation)
संयोग नाशको गुणो ववभागः । (T.S)
It destroys the samyoga  vibhaga
It is Anithya (It vanishes)
Types
Eka
karmaja
Dwandwa
Karmaja
Sarva
karmaja
Charaka
Eg
Separation of bird
from tree
Eg:
Separation of 2
people fighting
Eg:
Separation of
people after
completion of
meeting
ऩृथकत्व (Distinguishing Factor )
ऩृथग व्यवहार असाधारणं कारणं ऩृथकत्वं । (T.S)
The knowledge which is helpful to differentiate the dravya
from another dravya  ऩृथकत्वं
Eg  Pot is different from cloth
Types 
ऩृथकत्वं स्यािऽसंयोगो वैऱक्ष्यण्यम अनेकिा ।
(C su 26/31)
ऽसंयोगो वैऱक्ष्यण्य अनेकिा
There is no possibility of
samyoga of 2 dravya
2 dravyas are different
from each other due to
its laksanas
2 dravya are having
same jati , laksana but
they are different
Eg
water & oil never mix
Eg
Man & birds
Eg
Human beings , (every
human being is
different from each
other)
ऩररमाण (measuring)
 ऩररमाणं ऩुनमाानं ॥ (C su 26/31)
 ऩररमीयिे अनेनेति ऩररमाणं ॥
By which property we can measure the dravya
Eg  1 Anjali (48 ml)
1 Tola (12 gm), 1kg ( ? )
Types (4)
 Anu
 Mahat
 Deergha
 Hraswa
संस्कार (Processing)
संस्कारोदह गुणान्िराधानं उच्चच्चयिे । (c.vi.1/21-2)
By doing samskara we can increase the quality of dravya so
it is useful in preparation of medicine, food etc
Eg  Bhavana, Mardhana
Types
संस्कार त्रिववध वेग भावन क्स्थतिस्थाऩकत्वं ॥
(Prasatapada)
Types 
वेग
(Movement)
भावन
(Experience)
क्स्थतिस्थाऩकत्वं
(elastic nature)
Gati of Murtha
dravya
(P, A,T, V, Mana)
Experience or
Smarana of Atma
only
(recall of previous
incidence & saved
in atma)
Bringing the
quality of dravya
to its original state
Eg
Rubber
अभ्यास  Practice
Abhyasa is a very essential property to be possessed by
physician and pharmacist. With this property perfectness, expertise
and experience is achieved as a common saying states “Practice
makes the man perfect.”
भाव अभ्यासनम अभ्यासः शीऱनं सिि क्रिया ।
(C Su 26/34)
Satata Shilana i.e. repeated and continuous administration of a
particular bhava is called as Abhyasa.
Clinical aspects
After having a brief knowledge in
afore said slides now it‟s the time to
understand the „Paradi gunas‟in terms of
“Chikithsyopayoga”
ऩरत्व  (Superior/ Pradhana)
• Helps to choice best drugs & helps to get success in
treatment (Pathya)
• Chief Complaints
• Agrya Dravya (Taila  Tila Taila)
• Nithya Sevaniya Ahara Dravya
अऩरत्व  (Inferior/Apradhana)
• Apathya (helps to avoid the disease)
• Associate Complaints
• Atisevana Varjya Dravya
युक्ति  (Planning)
 Planning makes a success in treatment
Yukti helps in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease. It is
the ability to link various apparent separate factors. when there is a
vitiation of dosha, a plan is prepared for the diagnosis and
treatment of that particular disease very tactfully.
संख्या  (Numbers)
 Dosha, Bheda, Duration..
 The names for several yogas are given on the basis of this
property itself.
Eg. Shadangapaniya, Trikatu, etc.
संयोग  (Combination)
 Preparation of Ahara & Aushadha
 Samyoga plays a vital role in the production of
disease and curing of diseases.
 Vyadhi develops from the Doshadushya Sammurchana.
 Combination of Chathushpadha’s results in the curing
of disease.
ववभाग  (Separation)
Helps to remove unwanted materials
ऩृथकत्व  (Differentiating factor)
 Differential diagnose & treatment
 In Drug identification –
On the basis of characteristics one plant is differentiated from
the other.
 In Preparation of a formulation –
Eg. In Sneha Paka, the three Paka are differentiated from
each other due to their Specific Lakashanas.
ऩररमाण  (Measuring)
Dosage of drugs & preparation of medicine
mÉëqÉÉhÉ zÉÉUÏU
A¹ ÌlÉÇÌSiÉ
qÉɧÉÉuÉiÉç AÉWûÉU
संस्कार  (Processing)
Helps in preparation & removes unwanted principles
अभ्यास  (Practice)
 To achieve goal of treatment
 For the complete relief of Vyadhi Abhyasa of Pathya and Hita
ahara sevana is necessary, else the remission of Vyadhi is seen.
 Even in Research the repeated examination is necessary before
finalizing the theory.
Importance of Paradi Gunas:
ÍxÉkrÉÑmÉÉrÉͶÉÌMüixÉÉrÉÉ sɤÉhÉæxiÉÉlÉç mÉëcɤqÉWåû || (cÉ xÉÔ 26/29-30)
Paradi gunas have been designated as Siddhi Upaya Of Chikitsa.
Siddhi i.e. success in treatment needs usage of proper upayas,
Paradi gunas are these factors which decide success of treatment.
Conclusion
न यथावि् प्रविाि इति वचनेन शब्िादिषु च
गुवाादिषु च ऩरादीनामप्राधान्यं सूचयति
(Ck C Su 26/35)
This is concluding line of paradi guna
varnana here Charaka has clearly said that if
one does not understand these paradi gunas in
a proper way then he can not perform chikitsa
in desired manner.
Practical utility of Paradi Gunas
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Practical utility of Paradi Gunas

  • 2. Practical Utility of Paradi Gunas Dr. Sachin S. Bagali MD (Ayu) Assistant Professor Department of Samhita & Siddantha BLDEA’s AVS AMV Vijayapur
  • 3. Introduction  The concept of Paradi Gunas is explained in Atreyabhadrakapiya Adhyaya of Charaka Samhita for getting success in the treatment.  The quotation ÍxÉkrÉÑmÉÉrÉͶÉÌMüixÉÉrÉ says that these Paradi Gunas are upaya for Chikitsa Siddhi.
  • 4. ऩरादि गुणः (10) ऩराऩरत्व युक्तिश्च संख्या संयोग एव च। ववभागश्च ऩृथतत्व च ऩररमाणम अथावऩ च ॥ संस्कारोऽभ्यास इत्यिे गुणा ज्ञेयाः ऩराियः ॥ (च. सू. २६/ २९-३०)  ऩरत्व  (Superior/Pradhana)  अऩरत्व  (Inferior/Apradhana)  युक्ति  (Planning/ Yojana)  संख्या  (Numbers)  संयोग  (Combination)  ववभाग  (Separation)  ऩृथकत्व  (Differentiating factor)  ऩररमाण  (Measuring)  संस्कार  (Processing)  अभ्यास  (Practice)
  • 5. ऩरत्व अऩरत्व ऩरत्वं प्रधानत्वम । (ck. C su 26/31) अऩरत्व अप्रधानत्वम। (ck. C su 26/31) Desa Kala Vaya Anupa Adana Vruddha Jangala Visarga Taruna Desa Kala Vaya
  • 6. युक्ति (Planning) युक्तिश्च योजना या िु युज्यिे ॥ (ck. C su 26/31)
  • 7. संख्या (Numbering) संख्या स्याद् गणीिम ॥ (ck. C su 26/31) Counting number which are used to calculate  Sankhya Eg  1,2,3.. Tridosha, Saptha dhatu…
  • 8. संयोग (Combination) योग सह संयोग उच्चच्चयिे । (ck. C su 26/31) Combination of 2 or more dravya It is Anithya because it vanishes due to Vibhaga Eg  Samyoga of Honey & Ghee harm the body Individually good for the body
  • 9. Types Eka karmaja Dwandwa Karmaja Sarva karmaja Charaka Abhyantara karmaja Ubhaya Karmaja Samyogaja Karmaja Vaisesokta Combination of 2 but 1 functioning Eg: Eka doshaja Vyadhi A bird on a tree Combination of 2 both functioning Eg: Dwi doshaja Vyadhi Fighting of two sheep's Combination of more than 2 & all are functioning Eg: Tri doshaja Vyadhi Joining of people in meeting
  • 10. ववभाग (Separation) संयोग नाशको गुणो ववभागः । (T.S) It destroys the samyoga  vibhaga It is Anithya (It vanishes)
  • 11. Types Eka karmaja Dwandwa Karmaja Sarva karmaja Charaka Eg Separation of bird from tree Eg: Separation of 2 people fighting Eg: Separation of people after completion of meeting
  • 12. ऩृथकत्व (Distinguishing Factor ) ऩृथग व्यवहार असाधारणं कारणं ऩृथकत्वं । (T.S) The knowledge which is helpful to differentiate the dravya from another dravya  ऩृथकत्वं Eg  Pot is different from cloth
  • 13. Types  ऩृथकत्वं स्यािऽसंयोगो वैऱक्ष्यण्यम अनेकिा । (C su 26/31) ऽसंयोगो वैऱक्ष्यण्य अनेकिा There is no possibility of samyoga of 2 dravya 2 dravyas are different from each other due to its laksanas 2 dravya are having same jati , laksana but they are different Eg water & oil never mix Eg Man & birds Eg Human beings , (every human being is different from each other)
  • 14. ऩररमाण (measuring)  ऩररमाणं ऩुनमाानं ॥ (C su 26/31)  ऩररमीयिे अनेनेति ऩररमाणं ॥ By which property we can measure the dravya Eg  1 Anjali (48 ml) 1 Tola (12 gm), 1kg ( ? ) Types (4)  Anu  Mahat  Deergha  Hraswa
  • 15. संस्कार (Processing) संस्कारोदह गुणान्िराधानं उच्चच्चयिे । (c.vi.1/21-2) By doing samskara we can increase the quality of dravya so it is useful in preparation of medicine, food etc Eg  Bhavana, Mardhana Types संस्कार त्रिववध वेग भावन क्स्थतिस्थाऩकत्वं ॥ (Prasatapada)
  • 16. Types  वेग (Movement) भावन (Experience) क्स्थतिस्थाऩकत्वं (elastic nature) Gati of Murtha dravya (P, A,T, V, Mana) Experience or Smarana of Atma only (recall of previous incidence & saved in atma) Bringing the quality of dravya to its original state Eg Rubber
  • 17. अभ्यास  Practice Abhyasa is a very essential property to be possessed by physician and pharmacist. With this property perfectness, expertise and experience is achieved as a common saying states “Practice makes the man perfect.” भाव अभ्यासनम अभ्यासः शीऱनं सिि क्रिया । (C Su 26/34) Satata Shilana i.e. repeated and continuous administration of a particular bhava is called as Abhyasa.
  • 19. After having a brief knowledge in afore said slides now it‟s the time to understand the „Paradi gunas‟in terms of “Chikithsyopayoga”
  • 20. ऩरत्व  (Superior/ Pradhana) • Helps to choice best drugs & helps to get success in treatment (Pathya) • Chief Complaints • Agrya Dravya (Taila  Tila Taila) • Nithya Sevaniya Ahara Dravya अऩरत्व  (Inferior/Apradhana) • Apathya (helps to avoid the disease) • Associate Complaints • Atisevana Varjya Dravya
  • 21. युक्ति  (Planning)  Planning makes a success in treatment Yukti helps in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease. It is the ability to link various apparent separate factors. when there is a vitiation of dosha, a plan is prepared for the diagnosis and treatment of that particular disease very tactfully.
  • 22. संख्या  (Numbers)  Dosha, Bheda, Duration..  The names for several yogas are given on the basis of this property itself. Eg. Shadangapaniya, Trikatu, etc.
  • 23. संयोग  (Combination)  Preparation of Ahara & Aushadha  Samyoga plays a vital role in the production of disease and curing of diseases.  Vyadhi develops from the Doshadushya Sammurchana.  Combination of Chathushpadha’s results in the curing of disease.
  • 24. ववभाग  (Separation) Helps to remove unwanted materials
  • 25. ऩृथकत्व  (Differentiating factor)  Differential diagnose & treatment  In Drug identification – On the basis of characteristics one plant is differentiated from the other.  In Preparation of a formulation – Eg. In Sneha Paka, the three Paka are differentiated from each other due to their Specific Lakashanas.
  • 26. ऩररमाण  (Measuring) Dosage of drugs & preparation of medicine mÉëqÉÉhÉ zÉÉUÏU A¹ ÌlÉÇÌSiÉ qÉɧÉÉuÉiÉç AÉWûÉU
  • 27. संस्कार  (Processing) Helps in preparation & removes unwanted principles
  • 28. अभ्यास  (Practice)  To achieve goal of treatment  For the complete relief of Vyadhi Abhyasa of Pathya and Hita ahara sevana is necessary, else the remission of Vyadhi is seen.  Even in Research the repeated examination is necessary before finalizing the theory.
  • 29. Importance of Paradi Gunas: ÍxÉkrÉÑmÉÉrÉͶÉÌMüixÉÉrÉÉ sɤÉhÉæxiÉÉlÉç mÉëcɤqÉWåû || (cÉ xÉÔ 26/29-30) Paradi gunas have been designated as Siddhi Upaya Of Chikitsa. Siddhi i.e. success in treatment needs usage of proper upayas, Paradi gunas are these factors which decide success of treatment.
  • 30. Conclusion न यथावि् प्रविाि इति वचनेन शब्िादिषु च गुवाादिषु च ऩरादीनामप्राधान्यं सूचयति (Ck C Su 26/35) This is concluding line of paradi guna varnana here Charaka has clearly said that if one does not understand these paradi gunas in a proper way then he can not perform chikitsa in desired manner.