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Paradigms of research

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Paradigms of research

  1. 1. By Sabeena P.S Research Scholar Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education Coimbatore
  2. 2. Paradigm is a model or pattern for something that may be copied Webster Paradigm is a standard, perspective, or set of ideas. It is a way of looking at something. Vocabulary Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  3. 3. First introduced by the philosopher and historian of science – Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962) Narrow sense: a particular achievement which suggests a way to investigate the world (e.g., an experiment, a formula, etc.) Broad sense: a package of ideas and methods which make up a world view and a way of doing science Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  4. 4. An intellectual window through which the researcher views the world Through paradigms, the researcher sees the social world objectively Two researchers studying the same phenomenon by adopting different paradigms may give rise to different findings The paradigms help the researcher in deciding what questions to study and/or hypotheses to test, appropriate method to use and how to interpret the results Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  5. 5. Theory – A set of interrelated constructs (variables), definitions and propositions that present a systematic view of phenomena by specifying relations among variables, with the purpose of explaining phenomena. Paradigm – World views or overall arching ideas or beliefs that a group of people may have to understand the theories. Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  6. 6. Explicitly stated laws and theoretical assumptions Standard ways of applying the fundamental laws to a variety of situations Instrumentation and instrumental techniques that bring the laws of the paradigm to bear on the real world General metaphysical principles that guide work within the paradigm General methodological prescriptions about how to conduct work within the paradigm Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  7. 7. Normative Paradigm Interpretative Paradigm Critical Paradigm Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  8. 8. They seek an understanding of phenomenon that is helpful and useful All share the assumption that the knowledge is valuable They share the assumption of materialism which suggests a real world exists outside of our perceptions of it They rely on the basic assumptions of empiricism which relies on sensory experience as a men of knowing the world (evidence) Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  9. 9. Also called scientific/ positivistic paradigm Paradigm which tends to control the research conditions through scientific methods Since controlled, it generalize the findings Easy to be objective Tends to use quantitative methods Deductive process going from generalizations (theory) leading to prediction (hypotheses), explanation and understanding Replication of a true scientific study should yield the same results Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  10. 10. Also called humanistic paradigm Paradigm relies on human interpretations of reality as the basis of understanding the world Post-positivist paradigm Tends to use qualitative methods The research process is inductive in which observations are made and then generalizations are developed based on those observations Subjective in nature Replication of the study may not yield same results Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  11. 11. Paradigm similar to the interpretative paradigm but goes beyond it Concern with society and hidden power structures that permeate it critical researcher makes judgments about what is right or wrong about the society and determines what can be done to improve the society Use mixed approaches Main objective is to improve the practical field, change the situation with the action Difficult to conclude many interpretations Feminist studies, cultural studies Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  12. 12. Bogdan.C.R & Biklen.S.K (2011) Qualitative Research for Education – An Introduction to theories and methods 5th edition, New Delhi: PHI Learning. Pandya.S.R (2010) Educational Research, New Delhi: APH Publishing. Willis J.W.,(2007) Foundations of qualitative Research Interpretative and Critical Approaches, SAGE Publications. Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore
  13. 13. Sabeena P.S, Ph.D. Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Education,Coimbatore

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