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Types of Balance of Power

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Types of Balance of Power

  1. 1. Project OF International Relations Department: Bachelors of Business Administration Topic: Balance of Power & Its Types Saad Arif Sair
  2. 2. Balance of Power  A balance of power is a state of stability between competing forces. In international relations, it refers to equilibrium among countries or alliances to prevent any one entity from becoming too strong and, thus, gaining the ability to enforce its will upon the rest.
  3. 3. Characteristics  The balance of power is subject to constant changes From equilibrium to disequilibrium.  It is not a gift of God but is achieved by the active intervention of man.  Real balance of power seldom exists, if war take place it means real balance of power not there.
  4. 4. Simple balance of power  Simple balance of power aims to preservation of safety of the nationalities of the world.  In simple balance of power there are two powers/states required to establish a kind of parity between them.  Example of simple power balancing is Cold War between United States and Soviet Union.
  5. 5. Complex balance of power  Balance of power is considered complex if it is concentrates on the preservation of peace due to warring positions of the two militant nations.  Europe in mid eighteenth century represented the situation of complex balance of power.  Balance of power between Pakistan and India also has taken shift from simple to complex.
  6. 6. Local, Regional balance of power  Local balance of power seeks to checkmate only one power or state.  Regional balance of power aims to maintaining balance in a particular geographical or political region.  The United States, for example, is an actor in all the regional balances of power within the world.
  7. 7. World wide balance of power  The balance of power is regarded as worldwide if it concerns more than one region.  During the two world wars the principle of world balance of power motivated the actions of various states.
  8. 8. Rigid balance of power  In rigid balance of power two groups of states take a particular stand and are not willing to go back from the decision.  The rigid stand taken by USA and USSR as leaders of the two groups which emerged after the second world war, is an example of this type of balance of power.
  9. 9. Flexible balance of power  In flexible balance of power member of states change their alignments and seek fresh alliances due to changed circumstances.
  10. 10. Conclusion  The balance of power has been a central concept in the theory and practice of international relations for the past five hundred years. It has also played a key role in some of the most important attempts to develop a theory of international politics in the contemporary study of international relations. Balance of Power, theory and policy of international relations that asserts that the most effective check on the power of a state is the power of other states.