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Ancient Greek Civilization

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Greek Civilization
Greek Civilization
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Ancient Greek Civilization

  1. 1. Titans Cronus – Leader of the first generation of titans Atlas – Titan who carries the world Gaea – Primordial goddess of the Earth Prometheus – Titan who helped the gods Mnemosyne – Personification of memory Rhea – Seen as the mother of the Olympian gods and goddesses Themis – Personification of divine order, law, natural law, and custom Oceanus – Personification of the the World Ocean Tethys – Mother of the rivers of the world; Wife and sister to Oceanus Gods (Major) Zeus – God of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order, justice Poseidon – God of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses Hades – King of the underworld; God of the dead and riches Demeter – Goddess of agriculture, fertility, sacred law and harvest Hera – Queen of the gods; Goddess of marriage, women and birth Hephaestus – God of fire, and metalworking Dionysus – God of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine Ares – God of War Athena – Goddess of Wisdom Hestia – Goddess of the hearth, home, architecture, domesticity, family and the state Aphrodite – Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality Hermes – Messenger of the gods; Guide to the underworld; God of thieves and travellers Artemis - Goddess of the hunt and the moon Apollo – God of the sun
  2. 2. Greco-Persian War – Series of battles between Persia and the Greek city-states in which the Greeks won Peloponnesian War – War between Athens and the Peloponnesian League of Sparta and ended with a signing of peace Messenian Wars – A number of wars between Messenia and Sparta (in 8th, 7th and 4th centuries BC) Trojan War – Battle between Sparta and the Trojans. The most notable thing in this war was how the Greeks won through the use of a gift, tricking them to take the gift home without knowing that there were warriors inside.
  3. 3. Example of what happens in a war
  4. 4. Acropolis of Athens – Found on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens. It contains the ruins of several ancient buildings Temple of Athena Nike – Built between 427-424 BC, to worship Athena in victory; One of the ruins in the Acropolis Parthenon – Dedicated to the goddess Athena which was built in 447 BC and completed in 438 BC Erechtheum – Found on the north side of the Acropolis, it was dedicated to both Poseidon and Athena
  5. 5. Mountainous Greece is made up of many mountains Peninsula Surrounded by: - Ionian Sea to the West - Mediterranean Sea to the South - Aegean Sea to the East
  6. 6. Socrates – Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy; Teacher of Plato Plato – Was a philosopher and a mathematician; Teacher of Aristotle Aristotle – Wrote about many subjects such as physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logics, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government; Tutored Alexander the Great Alexander the Great – King of Macedon; Known as one of the greatest, if not the greatest, general of an army ever Pericles – The most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age
  7. 7. Governments - Aristocrats - Aeropagus - Cleisthenes City-States (Major) - Athens – Where Democracy came from - Sparta – Had one of the most powerful armies in the world - Corinth - Argos - Mergara Social Position - Slave (workers) - Free (citizens of Greece)
  8. 8. Running Equestrian Events = horseback riding Pentathlon = Contest featuring five events - long jump - javelin throwing - discus throwing - stadion - wrestling
  9. 9. Neolithic Period = Began 10th millennium BC Bronze Age = When bronze was made and used Minoan Period = From 2700 to 1450 BC Mycenaean Period = Resulted because of the migration of the Ionians and the Aeolians Dark Ages = From 1100 to 800 BC, presumed to be a result of the Dorian invasion Archaic Greece = Literacy was lost but they began to use the Phoenician alphabet, later modifying it into the Greek alphabet Classical Greece = Politics and polis was very prominent during this time Hellenistic Period = Started with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC

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