Education and socialization

Nurse um DOH-CHD 12
19. Sep 2014

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Education and socialization

  1. EDUCATION - A lifelong process SOCIALIZATION- A continuous process of learning.
  2. Three levels of life identified by social scientists:  Vegetative level – refers to the embryo and early infancy. This stage characterized by preoccupation with food. Its main though is SURVIVAL.  Animal level- characterized by desires for sex and reproduction. In this stage, man is no different from animals in his desire for FOOD and SEX.  Human level– the attainment of a personality we refer to as a “human being”. He becomes a “PERSON” as differentiated from the term “individual”.
  3. Individual – one who has not yet been socialized. Person – one who has absorbed and internally organized his culture.
  4.  Socialization, then, is the process of entering the human group, of being inducted… into the secrets of society. It is the process in which a number of minor miracles occur; the animal becomes a human being, sheer behavior is transformed into conduct, the individual as an organic unit becomes a person, self-aware and able to guide his conduct in terms of increasingly subtle cues that signal other’s expectations. (Wilson, 1975:92)
  5.  At the start of life there is no self. What exist is only physical organism. As the infant grows, it feels out his body, shape and learning where its body ends and other things begin. Then he recognize people and learns how to tell them apart. (Meade, 1934:140-141
  6.  The looking-glass of self – process of discovering the self from the reactions of others. (Cooley, 1902)  Process of discovering the self based on: 1. Understanding of how we look to others 2. The notion of the way in which others judge the image that we think they perceive; 3. The interpretation of the importance and meaning of the judgments of others. (Espiritu, 1977:61)
  7.  Inadequate parental role models,  Or rejects those he has  Pictures his father as brutal, overbearing, remote and unsymphatetic  In some cases, homosexuality may result from the parent’s attempt to satisfy their desire for the sex of the child they want. (Espiritu, 1977:89-90)
  8. School  Serves in transmitting the culture of the group, its values, language, literature, history, arts, music, religious and ethical beliefs;  A sense of what is proper and improper in interpersonal relations values
  9.  Encourage group participation  Teaches conflicting values like competition and cooperation  Social responsibility, humanism
  10. Communication -“The process through which a set of meanings embodied in a message is conveyed to a person/s in such a way that the meaning received are equivalent to those which the initiator of the message intended” (Lundberg, 1963:200) -communicating thoughts and ideas
  11. Language -the only way we can transmit culture through the learning process. -not limited to words; equally significant are the gestures, tone and inflection of voice, symbols and behavior for communicating messages.
  12. Kinesics – A system of communication through motion or using patterns of postures, facial expressions and body motions.
  13.  STATUS The position a person occupies in society by virtue of his age, sex, birth, marriage, occupation or achievement. (Merrill, 1969:13)
  14. Two principal Forms of Status: 1. Ascribed Status – position is assigned to an individual without reference to his innate differences and abilities. 2. Achieved Status- requires special qualities.
  15.  ROLE Refers to the part the individual is expected to play in his social group.
  16. Social Failure -Cannot perform according to expectation, then he has not adjusted to his social environment.
  17. SOCIAL CONTROL - People are led to fill their expected roles
  18. SOCIAL ORDER -Takes place because people follow what is expected of them
  20. Social Pressure -Individuals act, behave, talk and think in practically the same way.
  21. Internalization - Making an attitude a part of one’s automatic