Definition of Reading, Reading Meaning, Kinds of Reading, Factors Affecting Reading, Types of Reading Strategies, Reading Techniques, Definition of Comprehension, Levels of Comprehension, Types of Comprehension
2. Reading is a complex process that involves
sensation, perception, comprehension,
application and integration.
Reading is the golden key to the world of
enlightenment and enjoyment. It is the basic
tool for learning in all subject areas.
3. Reading can be one of a person’s deepest
pleasures. It extends his experiences, giving
him a glimpse of the world’s excitement,
pleasures and wisdom.
Reading enables one to ponder the mysteries
of the universe, explore accumulated
knowledge, and contemplate the unknown.
4. Interact with text.
Always ready to evaluate, challenge and
criticize what he/she reads.
Have goals for reading.
Monitor his/her understanding as he/she
Process text during and after reading.
5. Read different kind of texts differently.
Create visual images based on text read.
Appreciate and enjoy reading.
12. Extensive Reading– reading for pleasure in a
wide variety of interesting topics
--The main purpose is to relax and enjoy.
Intensive Reading– reading carefully or in-
--The main purpose is to extract details and
specific information on particular topics.
13. 1. Skimming– a reading technique which aims
to get the gist of a text
2. Scanning– a very quick reading technique to
get specific details
3. Exploratory Reading– a reading technique
used to get a fairly accurate picture of the
whole presentation of ideas and to get a
more thorough understanding of ideas
14. 4. Study Reading– a type of reading in which a
reader must get a maximum understanding of
the main ideas and their relationships.
Techniques involved in Study Reading:
Thinking and questioning oneself before reading
Concentrating on small units one at a time, with
breaks for thinking and note-taking between
Reviewing the basic ideas before close reading
15. 5. Critical Reading– is the kind of reading which
makes you pause to carefully consider what
you have just read.
16. Critical Reading requires the following
Go back and carefully consider what you
know about the source of the reading
material and the possible biases and ulterior
Consider what you know about the author,
his background and knowledge of the
17. Watch out for any inconsistent logic or errors
Beware of emotionally loaded words which
appeal to your basic emotions and try to stir
up your emotional reaction for or against
what is presented.
18. 6. Analytical Reading the kind of reading that
requires careful attention to each word and
its importance in relation to other words in
the sentence or paragraph.
Mathematical theorems and problems
Certain statements of key ideas
19. A constellation of factors, a cluster of skills.
Three levels of Comprehension Skills:
Reading the lines
Reading between the lines
Reading beyond the lines