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Public Speaking
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Speech prep 1 online

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Speech prep 1 online

  1. 1. Speech Preparation Part 1
  2. 2. The Power of Public Speaking <ul><li>Public speaking includes… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A speaker with a reason for speaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An audience that gives the speaker attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A message that is meant to accomplish a specific purpose </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Purpose of Your Speech <ul><li>The General Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informative Speeches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuasive Speeches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special-Occasion Speeches </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Informative Speech Assignment <ul><li>Three minutes in length </li></ul><ul><li>Speech outline required. Upload to Blackboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Must reference at least two sources of information both aurally and within the outline </li></ul><ul><li>Site sources in written outline using APA style </li></ul><ul><li>Does not require a visual aid </li></ul>
  5. 5. Informative <ul><li>Explain something </li></ul><ul><li>Expand audience’s understanding of a subject </li></ul><ul><li>This is not a persuasive speech, speakers are NOT to state their opinion or try to sway the opinion of the audience </li></ul>
  6. 6. Analyzing Your Audience <ul><li>Decentering (Dance and Zak-Dance) </li></ul><ul><li>Your audience may have a different point of view from yours </li></ul><ul><li>Try putting yourself in the place of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker must find ways to connect to the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers can select the associations that will be most conducive to accomplishing the speech goals </li></ul>
  7. 7. Analyzing Your Audience <ul><li>Audience demographics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you know about your classroom peers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The quantifiable characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May focus on statistics regarding gender, socioeconomic status, age, nationality, and so on. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Choosing Your Topic <ul><li>Find a topic that intrigues you </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm your topic </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow your topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Am I interested? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it meet the assignment’s criteria? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will my audience find it worthwhile? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there information available for research? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can I convey the information in the time limits of the speech? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Quick Brainstorm <ul><li>Write down as many topics as you can </li></ul><ul><li>Then, circle the top three that are most appealing to you </li></ul><ul><li>Now, circle the topic that would be most appealing to your audience </li></ul>
  10. 10. Choosing Your Topic <ul><li>Developing a thesis statement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A simple, clear statement that tells the listeners what the speech will do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives listeners a reason to attend mindfully by alerting them that the information to come will be useful to them. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Researching the Topic <ul><li>Types of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert testimony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay testimony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anecdotes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quotations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparisons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrasts </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Researching the Topic <ul><li>Researching Supporting Material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search the literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Internet </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Researching the Topic <ul><li>Evaluating Supporting Material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up-to-date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliable </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Ethical Speaking <ul><li>Recognizing plagiarism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting someone else’s information as your own </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taking accurate notes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quotes and paraphrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running bibliography </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speaking ethically and </li></ul><ul><li>responsibly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be trustworthy, respectful, responsible, and fair </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Organizing your Speech <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Body/Main Points </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  16. 16. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Capture your audience’s attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use surprise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tell a story </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start with a quote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask a question </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make them laugh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Helps the audience understand how the subject relates to them </li></ul><ul><li>Tell the audience the purpose of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a preview (of signposting) of the speeches main points </li></ul><ul><li>Transitions into the main body of the speech </li></ul>
  17. 17. Body <ul><li>Covers only the material in support of the speeches specific purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Usually includes about three main points </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Organizational Patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronological pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem-solution pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause-effect pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrative pattern </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>Summarizes </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces any points needing restatement </li></ul><ul><li>Moves quickly and forcefully </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors introduction </li></ul>
  19. 19. Outlining Your Speech <ul><li>See example posted in Blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>Working outline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough draft used in speech preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firm up thesis statement and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organize points </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speaking outline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final speech plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The basis for your note cards </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Outlining Your Speech <ul><li>Styles of Outlines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full text of your speech in outline format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phrase outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key-word outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>**Phrase/Key-word are best for speaking outlines </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Using Language That Works <ul><li>Respect your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul><ul><li>Use vivid language </li></ul><ul><li>Use language to make a lasting impression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparisons, similes, and metaphors </li></ul></ul>
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