6. REAL IMPACT IN
NEPAL IN 2016
Some construction on infrastructure
Some rebuilding on UNESCO sites.
Number of homes rebuilt =
7. OTHER PROBLEMS
• Political indecision (Nepal
• Unofficial Blockade on Indian border
• PUSHING OF BLAME
• WAITING FOR HELP
• People died from exposure from
• People displaced living in tents
• Farmers living in tents on their
farms, reduced income and food.
• Jobs lost (no Fuel)
• Unequal distribution of support.
10. SINGAPORE HELP
Students decided not to leave Kathmandu,
and just deliver aid in Kathmandu.
They discovered bibles in blankets.
(Common practice in Relief)
They “helped” to remove it.
What do you think when a majority
Buddhist / Hindu country finds lots of
bibles in their capital?
12. MANY PEOPLE WANT TO
HELP, FEW KNOW HOW
Everyone thinks helping is easy.
Most do it out of convenience.
Does anything think about the impact of
Some help out of pity, and they get angry
when they see the recipients have a nice
meal or buy something nice.
80% of world live on less than US$10 a day
80% of world live in countries with increased income
The poorest 40 percent of the world’s population
accounts for 5 percent of global income. The richest 20
percent accounts for three-quarters of world income.
According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due
to poverty. And they “die quietly in some of the poorest
villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the
conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life
makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in
17. HOW LONG HAVE WE
BEEN DOING THIS?
How long have charities been doing the
things they are doing?
Is anything changing?
33. Disaster Response Lies…
• Only experts can help.
• You will be a burden in the field.
• We don’t need anything, we have all we need.
• Do not send clothes or food, send money.
34. We all can respond…
• And guarantee an efficient response…
• Donate Action, not money, not words…
• But how?
35. Disaster Response Basics:
You can be useful in the field if…
• Bring your own supplies and food to the field.
– Or buy them locally if possible.
• Engage the local stakeholders and work for
them, with them.
• Are connected.
• Have independent mobility.
• Listen, learn, respect.
36. Relief 2.0 (what is it?)
• A focus on running the last mile in disaster relief
• through independent units of local stakeholders
and foreign volunteers in the field
• supported by mobile technologies and social
• to fill the gaps created by bureaucracy and slow
response from top-down hierarchies.
37. Relief 2.0 (how does it work?)
• Individuals and organizations report incidents,
needs and requests from the field using their
mobile phones and the Internet.
38. Relief 2.0 (how does it work?)
• These incidents are reviewed, verified, completed,
enhanced and their information spread to others
by individuals and groups on social networks
– Housewives, youngsters, volunteers, anyone.
until they are addressed, solved or matched with
someone who takes care of it.
39. Relief 2.0 (the last mile)
• Small independent units then complete the cycle by
actually addressing those issues and delivering the
response required and supported by the social
52. Disaster recovery with dignity, inclusion,
generation and distribution of wealth
Businesses working with businesses to get back on track
and jumpstarting the economy to serve people
53. Matching shops and businesses affected by disaster with
same-trade businesses in non-affected areas and
enable collaboration to get businesses
to re-open as soon as possible.
Relief 2.0 B2B
54. It’s not charity, it’s not donation.
Both businesses reach a collaborative business agreement:
36 mth low interest loan, restore inventory, line of credit, etc.
It’s a business deal that preserves their dignity.
Relief 2.0 B2B
55. Relief 2.0 Enterprise
We need to start working with disaster survivors
and enable them as entrepreneurs before they
are turned into refugees by conventional relief.
56. Matching Co-ops from Villages to Local Business Organizations.
Buying van to transport injured to hospitals, and crops to market.
Repaying with agreed upon fair priced barter trade.
Connecting farmers to markets directly.
Relief 2.0 B2V
59. ART IMPACT NEPAL
Leveraging on Arts for Disaster Recovery.
• Sell art to raise funds to build art studio.
• Teach earthquake survivors to make handicrafts.
• Sell handicrafts to increase income for survivors.
• Run international shows to find overseas market.
• Create awareness for Nepal products
• Build residential art studios to allow foreign artists
to come support survivors to learn and teach art.
61. SOLAR FORWARD
Pay it forward model to bring solar panels
to rural areas and earthquake survivors.
Top income generators (people with second
job) will be given solar kit with
Light allows them to be more productive
and 4 more hours of light can allow more
62. SOLAR FORWARD
Saving $1 a day, recipients can buy a solar
kit for someone else in 2 months, enabling
them to provide for others what was given
Eventually, whole village can have light.
63. SOLAR FORWARD
Monitor success, learn from village
Getting NGOs and Foundations to support,
give guarantee for other villagers.
They can pay via installments from regular
banks, US$0.30 a day for 6 months at 10%
They can build up credit and be integrated
into baking system.
64. There are so many new problems
Complaining does not solve problems,
protesting does not solve problems.
There is only so much the government or
NGOs can do. Being big and bureaucratic
allows them to act fast and raise lots of
funds, but they are slow to respond to
We need innovation and people to take
actions and accountability.
We all live on the sample planet.