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The 3 r's of waste management my student (raghav duggal)

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Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
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The 3 r's of waste management my student (raghav duggal)

  1. 1. THE 3 Rs – 1. Recycle  Saves limited natural resources  Prevents greenhouse gas emissions and water pollutants  Saves energy  Provides raw materials for industry and creates jobs  Saves landfill space
  2. 2. THE 3 Rs – 2. Waste Reduction  Make double sided copies.  Circulate memos, documents and periodicals.  Use durable cups and silverware.  Proof-read documents on the computer screen.  Purchase merchandise with minimal packaging or order in bulk.  Read periodicals online.  Send e-cards.  Reduce your junk mail by writing to the Direct Marketing Association at Mail Preference Service, PO Box 9008, Farmingdale, NY 11735-9008.
  3. 3. THE 3 Rs – 3. Reuse  Reuse envelopes.  Reuse single-sided paper for scratch paper.  Reuse foam peanuts and other packaging material.  Use remanufactured or surplus office equipment.  Use rechargeable batteries.  Use rechargeable fax and printer cartridges.  Compost grass clippings and food waste.  Donate toys and other items to charity.
  4. 4. WHAT DO THE 3 ARROWS STAND FOR? Collection of Recyclables Manufacturing of the Material Buy Recycled Products
  5. 5. RECYCLED PRODUCT EXAMPLES  Recycled Paper – tissue and copier  Crumb tires – playground surfaces and soaker hoses  Remanufactured products – toner cartridges and office furniture  Re-refined motor oil  Aluminum and Steel Cans, Glass Bottles  Plastic Lumber – benches and decks  EcoSpun Fabric – shirts and carpet
  6. 6. WHAT YOU CAN DO TO HELP!  Reduce, Reuse, Recycle  Buy Recycled Products  Become involved  Tell your friends THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME. ANY QUESTIONS?
  7. 7. Waste Types (based on survey of 5 centers) Infectious Waste: Body tissues, Blood soaked cotton and gauze pieces and body fluids Infectious Plastic: Disposable syringes, tubings, IV bottles and gloves Sharps: Broken glasses and metal sharps like scalpels and needles Average quantity of bio-medical waste/bed/day: 0.075- 0.1Kg II. General Waste: Packaging material & food waste
  8. 8. Exisiting Practices Waste Segregation: •Waste is generally mixed in a single bin/bag. •In some districts waste is being segregated into different categories. Waste collection and storage: •Open bins and drums. •Bins are not bagged. •Spills on floor at the time of generation. •No regular pattern of waste collection and the waste is collected as and when required.  
  9. 9. Segregation at Source
  10. 10. Existing Practices Waste Transportation: •Waste is transported manually from point of generation to final treatment/disposal site. •No protective gears are provided to the health care workers. •No immunization/accident reporting. Waste Treatment: No specific waste treatment pattern is followed except in 2 cases.
  11. 11. Existing Practices Waste Disposal:  Open dumping of waste around the health care facilities  Open burning of waste  Scavenging of waste by waste sorters and animals  Furnaces for burning of waste in some PHCs  In facilities near urban areas waste is being carried by centralized facility
  12. 12. Treatment and disposal methods observed: • Encapsulation. • Pit Disposal. • Needle Devices – Destroyers/ cutters. • Small autoclaves.
  13. 13. Deep Burial Pit
  14. 14. Interventions possible •Incorporating waste mgmt. into housekeeping and infection control. •Raising occupational safety awareness. •Training and capacity building for better segregation. •Resolving transport issues (onsite/offsite decisions) •Incorporating safe-easy to use, low operating cost technologies
  15. 15.  PROJECT MADE BY:  RAGHAV DUGGAL  4TH SEMESTER  YEAR-2010-2011

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