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Defence Sector - Business Environment

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Indian Defence & Business Environment for Defence Insudtry

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Defence Sector - Business Environment

  4. 4. NTRODUCTI ON 4
  7. 7. ARMY  The earliest known reference to armies in what today is India are millennia ago in the Vedas and the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.  The British colonized India during the 19th century.  The Army of India was raised under the British Raj in the 19th century by taking the erstwhile presidency armies, merging them, and bringing them under the Crown.  The British Indian Army fought in both World Wars.  The armed forces succeeded the military of British India following India's independence in 1947. After World War II, many of the wartime troops were discharged and units disbanded. The reduced armed forces were partitioned between India and Pakistan. BIRTH OF AN INDIAN ARMY
  8. 8. NAVY  India has a maritime history dating back 5,600 years.  Sea lanes between India and neighbouring lands were the usual form of trade for many centuries  During World War I, the force then known as the Royal Indian Marine undertook minesweeping, as well as supply and support operations for the Allies.  The onset of World War II led to an expansion in numbers of vessels and personnel. The navy was actively involved in operations during the war around the world.  At the end of the war, the navy underwent rapid, large-scale demobilization of vessels and personnel. In 1946, Indian sailors started the Royal Indian Navy  A total of 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors were involved in the rebellion, which spread all over India.  After the independence of India on 15 August 1947 and the ensuing partition, remaining personnel were divided between the newly independent Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan.  When India became a republic on 26 January 1950, the Royal prefix was dropped and the name Indian Navy was officially adopted. The prefix on her ships was changed to Indian Naval Ship (INS). BIRTH OF AN INDIAN NAVY
  9. 9. AIRFORCE BIRTH OF AN AIR FORCE  The Indian Air Force's History precedes World War Two by eight years.  The IAF was established by on 8 Oct 1932 when its formation was announced in the Gazette of India. THE ROYAL INDIAN AIR FORCE IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR  During World War II, the IAF played an instrumental role in blocking the advance of the Japanese army in Burma, where its first air strike was on the Japanese military base in Arakan.  It also carried out strike missions against the Japanese airbases The IAF was mainly involved in Strike, Close Air Support, Aerial reconnaissance, Bomber Escort and Pathfinding missions  During the war, the IAF went through a phase of steady expansion.  In recognition of the services rendered by the IAF, King George VI conferred the prefix "Royal" in 1945. Thereafter the IAF was referred to as Royal Indian Air Force.  In 1950, when India became a republic, the prefix was dropped and it reverted to Indian Air Force.
  10. 10. THE 1947 - 48 JAMMU & KASHMIR OPERATIONS ARMY AIRFORCE  Invasion of Kashmir by Pakistan Army.  Fought immediately after independence after Maharaja Hari Singh acceded with India.  Indian troops airlifted to Srinagar on 15 Oct 47.  Intense war waged across the state and former comrades found themselves fighting each other.  War ended with UN sponsored Ceasefire in 1948.  This was the most instrumental action of the war as the troops saved the city from the invaders.  Apart from the airlifting operations and supplying essential commodities to the ground troops, the Indian Air Force had no other major role to play in the conflict.  A Line of Control has since separated Indian-held Kashmir from Pakistani-held Kashmir.
  11. 11. LIBERATION OF HYDERABAD (1948) ARMY  After partition of India, Nizam, of Hyderabad refused to accede his state to the Union of India.  Indian Troops ordered to secure the State on 12 September 1948 by then deputy-Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel .  Hyderabad secured after 5 days of fighting by Indian Army troops.  Five infantry battalions and one armoured squadron of the Indian Army were engaged in the operation. AIRFORCE  Backed by squadron of Hawker Tempest aircraft of the Indian Air Force.  State of Hyderabad proclaimed as a part of the Union of India on 17 Sep 48.
  12. 12. LIBERATION OF GOA (1961)  Portugal refused to relinquish control of its Indian colonies of Goa, Daman and Diu after Independence.  Indian Army launched on 12 December 1961 to evict the Portuguese rulers out of the enclaves of Goa, Diu and Daman  Portuguese General Manuel António Vassalo e Silva surrendered to the Indian Army & Goa, Daman and Diu joined the Indian Union Terriorities ARMY  Even the navy played a strategic importance to the operation.  The first engagement in action of the Indian Navy was against the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa.  The "war" was over in three days- resulting in the liberation of the Portuguese enclaves. It also bought in a diplomatic freeze between the two nations which thawed only in 1974. AIRFORCE NAVY  Air strikes were carried out during this operation to provide immediate air support to the armed forces
  13. 13. SINO-INDIAN 1962 WAR 13  War started with small-scale clashes between the Indian and Chinese patrols all along disputed McMahon Line  China launched major attack in Arunachal Pradesh on 12 October 1962.  War caused by dispute over Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh both claimed China & India.  Although Indian Army fought valiantly it suffered some reverses because of lack of adequate weapons, ammunition and equipment. ARMY  Indian military and civilian leadership failed to organise and co-ordinate the air assaults efficiently and eventually the Indian Air Force was never used during the conflict apart from occasional supply missions. AIRFORCE  War ended with China making a unilateral withdrawal of its troops in November 1962  The 1962 Sino-Indian War was largely fought over the Himalayas and the Navy had only a defensive role in the war. NAVY
  14. 14. INDO PAK 1965 WAR 14  Second war with Pakistan over Kashmir.  Initiated by Pakistani President Ayub Khan by launching Operation Gibraltar in August 1965 by large scale infiltration into India  In retaliation, the India's Army launched a major offensive throughout its border with Pakistan, with Lahore as its prime target.  Major battles with Pakistan fought in Kashmir, Punjab and Rajasthan.  War ended with Cease Fire Agreement at Tashkent. ARMY  Learning from the experiences of the Sino-Indian war, India decided to use its air force extensively during the war.  This was the first time the IAF actively engaged an enemy air force. However, instead of providing close air support to the Indian Army, the IAF carried out independent raid missions against Pakistani Air Force (PAF) bases.  During the course of the conflict, the PAF enjoyed qualitative superiority over the IAF because most of the jets in IAF's fleet were of World War II-vintage.  Despite this, the IAF was able to prevent the PAF from gaining air superiority over conflict zones. AIRFORCE
  15. 15.  Indian Naval activity in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 largely involved coastal patrols.  During the war, the Pakistani Navy attacked the Indian coastal city of Dwarka, although there were no military resources in the area.  While this attack was insignificant, India deployed naval resources to patrol the coast and deter further bombardment.  Following these wars in the 1960s, India resolved to strengthen the profile and capabilities of its Armed Forces. NAVY INDO PAK 1965 WAR contd...
  16. 16. THE BANGLADESH WAR 1971 16  War caused by independence movement in East Pakistan, brutal suppression by Pakistan Army resulting in massive influx of refugees into Indian states of WB/ Assam in 1971.  In early 1971, India declared its full-support for the Bengali rebels, known as Mukti Bahini.  War started on 03 Dec 71 with pre-emptive bombing by Pak AF.  India launched major offensive in the East with three Corps in East Pakistan while remaining on Strategic Defensive in the West. ARMY  After the 1965 War, the IAF went through an intense phase of modernization and consolidation. & was able to measure up to the most powerful air forces in the world.  The professional standards, capability and flexibility were soon put to the test in December 1971 when India and Pakistan went to war over (then) East Pakistan.  The PAF targets were against Indian But the plan failed miserably as Indians had anticipated such a move and no major losses were suffered.  PAF had qualitative advantage; its Mirage III fighter/bombers could fly at night, where no IAF fighter had that capability—the only aircraft in IAF with this capability was (Canberra bomber) by the day fearing loss of planes. Towards the end of the war, IAF's transport planes dropped leaflets over Dhaka urging the Pak forces to surrender. As the leaflets floated down, the morale of the Pakistani troops sunk. AIRFORCE
  17. 17. NAVY THE BANGLADESH WAR 1971 contd….  War ended with Surrender of Pakistan Army and birth of Bangladesh on 16 Dec 1971 and capture of 90,000 prisoners.  The dramatic change in the Indian Navy's capabilities and stance was emphatically demonstrated during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.  Pakistan's lone long-range submarine PNS Ghazi was sunk following an attack by the destroyer INS Rajput (1942) off the coast of Visakhapatnam around midnight of 3–4 December 1971.  On 4 December, the Indian Navy successfully executed Operation Trident, a devastating attack on the Pakistan Naval Headquarters of Karachi that sank a minesweeper, a destroyer and an ammunition supply ship. The attack also irreparably damaged another destroyer and oil storage tanks at the Karachi port. This was followed by Operation Python on 8 December 1971, further deprecating the Pakistan Navy's capabilities.  In the end, the Indian naval blockade of Pakistan choked off the supply of reinforcements to the Pakistani forces, which proved to be decisive in the overwhelming defeat of Pakistan
  18. 18. KARGIL WAR 1999 18  Conflict started in mid-1999 by Pakistani paramilitary forces and Kashmiri insurgents who captured deserted, but strategic, Himalayan heights in the Kargil district of India.  Indian Army launched attacks to re-capture thee posts fighting some major battles in Kargil, Batalik and Dras.  Intensive battle strategies were prepared. ARMY AIRFORCE  The Indian Air Force is said to have proved the decisive force in accelerating the end of the conflict.  It successfully provided considerable air-cover for Indian troops fighting against Pakistani soldiers and also carried out air assaults against enemy forces in Kashmir.  Most notable were the IAF's Mirage 2000 aircraft & IAF MiG- 21s were used extensively in the Kargil war.  On 11 May 1999, the Indian Air Force was called in to provide close air support to the Indian Army Kargil conflict with the use of helicopters.  The IAF strike was code named Operation Safed Sagar.
  19. 19. AIRFORCE  On 30 May, the Indian Air Force called into operation the Mirage 2000 which was deemed the best aircraft capable of optimum performance under the conditions of high-altitude seen in the zone of conflict.  Mirage 2000s not only had better defence equipment compared to the MiGs, but also gave IAF the ability to carry out aerial raids at night.  The MiG-29s were used extensively to provide fighter escort to the Mirage 2000.  During the 1999 Kargil War, the Western and Eastern fleets were deployed in the Northern Arabian Sea, as a part of Operation Talwar.  They safeguarded India's maritime assets from a potential Pakistani naval attack, as also deterred Pakistan from attempting to block India's sea-trade routes. NAVY  By 26 July, the Indian forces had successfully liberated Kargil from Pakistani forces. KARGIL WAR 1999 contd…….
  21. 21. • Focused on offering cost effective total solutions in the field of manufacturing engineering • Wide array of activities gives it a unique position in aerospace & defence space • It has catered for major defence sector companies like the rifle factory in Shapur, heavy vehicles factory in Avadi, the gun & shell factory ion Cossipur & vehicle factory in Jabalpur • TAL also manufactures high end security equipments as Armoured steel MPV & other vehicles • TAL has worked extensively with HAL & other global companies for developing supplying & assembly jigs for light utility helicopters & indigenously built fighter aircrafts TAL Manufacturing Systems
  22. 22. • TASL is a owned subsidiary of Tata sons & strategic aerospace & defence arm of the Tata group. • TASL group is fast & emerging player in India with established capabilities. • Company has demonstrated – – Missile & radar systems & sub systems, – aerospace & aero structures, – command & control systems, – unmanned aerial systems. • Systems Development in various field operations is a key focus area of TASL group. TATA Advanced Systems
  23. 23. • TCS is credited with successfully implementing a number of projects for the armed forces, DRDO & public sector. • TCS focus in defence is with strategic objective of partnership with Indian defence organizations & helping them conceptualize , design , build & operate world class it systems & engineering solutions. TATA Consultancy Services
  24. 24. • Tata ELXSI is a design company that blends technology, creativity and engineering to help customers transform ideas into world-class products and solutions. Tata ELXSI is a listed Company headquartered in Bangalore. • Aerospace Solutions: Provides product Design and engineering services for both aerospace OEM’s and Tier1/ Tier 2 suppliers of commercial and defence Aerospace segments. • Wireless Communication Solutions for Defence: They have concentrated on adapting civil WiMAX for defence Applications. Tata ELXSI offers Software Defined Radio (SDR) solutions with WiMAX waveforms ideal for military, emergency and public safety Applications. • Security & Surveillance: Turnkey product design and system integration solutions in video Surveillance and security Space. TATA ELXSI
  25. 25. • TISL is also leading the Tata group’s initiatives in offset support for Indian defence programmes. With its 100+ manufacturing associates across India & its co-operation with global experts in technology. TATA Industrial Services
  26. 26. TATA Power SED • For close to four decades, Tata Power, through its Strategic Engineering Division (SED), has been a leading private-sector player in the indigenous design, development, production, integration, supply and life-cycle support of mission critical Defence Systems of Strategic importance. • It has its Design Centre in Mumbai and Production facility in Bangalore and is globally recognized for harnessing its system and Engineering Capabilities. • Today Tata Power SED provides comprehensive solutions by Embedding Intelligence in sensors and Weapon Systems and has its core strength in • Engineering and Packaging of large structural payloads for launch platforms and compact electronic units for Airborne applications. • Robust and real time Software for Embedded Applications. • Rapid Prototyping and Simulation • Development of advanced algorithms for Platform Servo Control, data processing. • Thermal Sights and image Intensifier based.
  27. 27. • Associated with defence for 60yrs & has supplied 1 lac vehicles to Indian military & parliamentary forces so far. • It manufactures a wide range of defence vehicles' • Its is strategically making a move from a logistic support provider to being a combat vehicle player. • Company has ability to mobilize manufacturing capacity with dedicated exclusive infrastructure & trained manpower to ensure faster delivery of defence vehicles. • Tata Motors largest automobile company – Worlds 5th largest truck manufacturer – Worlds 4th largest bus manufacturer – Industrial joint venture with fiat in India – Holds JLR the iconic British brands TATA Motors • Due to high precision engineering business , the company setup a precision engineering division in 2002 & today take contract business related to automation solution. • The solution business began because of the need of sophisticated technology, high product quality & urge for self reliance in automation. • Supplies components & sub systems to – united technologies corporation, Thales , Textron, Transdigm Group, Liebherr Aerospace, Lord corporation, , HAL , IAI & ABB Titan Company
  29. 29.  Today Cooperates believe that there are signs that this government is very keen to grow indigenization. (Make things locally available).  The companies are being lured by the prospect of lucrative returns on their investments as the BJP ( Modi) government has pledged to make "buy Indian" the default option for future orders.  Huge opportunity for Indian companies to deliver.  Reduction in cut-backs: If products are available locally, there would be a reduction in the imports and thereby also reduce cut backs which happen to a tune of billions of dollars.  Foreign Collaboration: With preference given to ‘Made in India’, a majority of foreign players want to enter the Indian defence sector through Indian Co. collaboration. This would bring the latest technologies and thereby improve the quality of the product and add high efficiency in Indian organizations
  30. 30.  Delays: Some companies are also skeptical of the government's commitment to grow the private market given New Delhi's history of delays and order cancellations, and the traditionally strong ties between the military and state-run manufacturers.  Indian industry is renowned for its ability to adapt, yet questions remain whether the private sector can come up with the solutions needed to bring armed forces into the 21st century without sufficient access to world-class foreign technology.  Example: The case of a $10 billion Future Infantry Combat Vehicle (FICV) programme. Conceived in 2009, the defence ministry invited three private players and the Ordnance Factory Board, a state entity, to bid for the 2,600-vehicle contract but suddenly withdrew the letter of intent in 2012.  Larsen's & Tourbo’s Kattupalli shipyard in south India has yet to receive any orders for warships or submarines despite being designed to do just that and despite past government pledges to build at least two submarines in private yards.  Bureaucracy & corrupt Dealings: Local firms have captured a fraction of the Indian defence market since it first opened to private participation in 2001. Consecutive governments have still handed orders to state factories or to foreign giants like Boeing, Lockheed and BAE Systems when they would be locally produced.  Critics of indigenization argue that producing gear - especially in the lumbering state sector - is more costly than buying from abroad. Such deals can add layers of bureaucracy, increasing risks of corrupt dealings.
  31. 31. CONCLUSION
  32. 32. THANK YOU