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The Container Shame Spiral

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With projects springing up at a dizzying pace, it’s hard not to feel like you’re falling behind the curve, or that you’re somehow not doing cloud native development correctly. Breaking out of this “container shame spiral” can be tough. It starts with being better equipped to evaluate projects and trends, and make better decisions about when is the right time to start adopting a new project. Otherwise, you’re all bound to stay stuck in a spiral of reacting to every new announcement. Guiding you through the last few years of container fervor, Laura will help you understand the current landscape and emerging trends, and introduce you to a framework that will help you make sense of all the rapid innovation happening around you.

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The Container Shame Spiral

  1. 1. The Container Shame Spiral Laura Frank Tacho Director of Engineering, CloudBees @rhein_wein
  2. 2. PIZZA LET’S TALK ABOUT
  3. 3. amazon.com ★ STYLISH ★ DURABLE ★ DISHWASHER SAFE ★ MADE FROM GERMAN STEEL ★ REQUIRED FOR OPTIMAL PIZZA ENJOYMENT
  4. 4. If you truly loved pizza, you would use Pizza Scissor. If you’re not using Pizza Scissor, you don’t love pizza. Your tools are bad and you should feel bad!
  5. 5. As an industry, we’ve become obsessed and dogmatic with tools.
  6. 6. Sometimes it’s easy, because the tools we use are so cool!
  7. 7. Focusing to much on tools makes us lose sight of the problem. 🍕
  8. 8. Or worse — our colleagues, peers, and customers.
  9. 9. THE CONTAINER SHAME SPIRAL Feeling worthless, ashamed, or incompetent because your adoption of containers or container tools is behind what you perceive your peers to be doing.
  10. 10. We are convinced that others are exceeding our performance. It’s impossible to catch up, and we get stuck in a shame spiral. Everything evolves at a cosmic pace, and it’s hard to know what to pay attention to. The landscape is overwhelming.
  11. 11. Take a critical look at data, and what research shows about Cloud Native adoption. Understand market patterns and problems to make better choices about what to invest in and pay attention to.
  12. 12. All companies, in all countries, in every industry, are already using Kubernetes. Since we’re not, we’re obviously doing Something Wrong™ F O M O & I M P O S T O R S Y N D R O M E
  13. 13. Our tools are bad and we should feel bad!
  14. 14. 🌀
  15. 15. Why do we believe that? Is it even true?
  16. 16. CNCF 2018 Survey 😱
  17. 17. Available data is subject to all kinds of biases. SELECTION & EXCLUSION Certain groups are more likely to be selected for the study,or certain groups are kept out by design. REPORTING The respondent doesn’t report all of the data,or skews that data that is reported. FUNDING Outcomes are skewed to favor the financial sponsor of the study.
  18. 18. If uncontrolled for bias, the data can cause us to arrive at incorrect conclusions.
  19. 19. OPEN SURVEYS DATA ANALYSIS INDEPENDENT OR ACADEMIC RESEARCH Opt-in,self-selecting respondents,answers are self-qualified Analysis performed on anonymized data taken from a source No respondents,opt-out Peer-reviewed,more stringent methodologies & theoretical models Not necessarily tied to business goal CNCF Survey, Digital Ocean Currents, Stack Overflow Developer Survey Diamanti Container Adoption Benchmark Survey DataDog Docker Adoption Report Accelerate: State of DevOps Report @rhein_wein
  20. 20. In addition, most of these surveys are conducted in English only, and limited to North America and Europe.
  21. 21. All companies, in all countries, in every industry, are already using containers and Kubernetes. Since we’re not, we’re obviously doing Something Wrong™ F O M O & I M P O S T O R S Y N D R O M E
  22. 22. 25%of companies DataDog 31%of companies in prod State of DevOps 73%of respondents in prod CNCF Survey 49%of respondents Digital Ocean 12%of companies in prod Diamanti Who’s using containers? Survey Data Analysis Independent @rhein_wein
  23. 23. 83%of respondents CNCF Survey What about Kubernetes? 58%of respondents in prod CNCF Survey 30%of companies Diamanti Survey Data Analysis Independent No data: State of DevOps Report,DataDog 42%of respondents Digital Ocean @rhein_wein
  24. 24. 50%of companies DataDog And orchestration adoption in general? 48%of respondents Digital Ocean @rhein_wein
  25. 25. Surveys are great for showing trends. Without question, container orchestration adoption is on the rise, with Kubernetes having a large market share.
  26. 26. We use these tools because they enable outcomes for our team and business. Elite performers Teams that use cloud native practices @rhein_wein
  27. 27. Elite performance is not dependent on a certain tool, but on practices. Elite performers Teams that use cloud native practices
  28. 28. Low change failure rate Fast mean time to recovery (MTTR) Cloud portability Avoid vendor lock-in THROUGHPUT STABILITY MANAGEABILITY Frequent deployments Low lead time from commit to deploy Improved scalability Faster deployment time State of DevOps Report CNCF Survey Digital Ocean
  29. 29. © 2018 All Rights Reserved. !33 landscape.cncf.io
  30. 30. Cloud Native is a journey toward a horizon. We’ll never get to a point and say “Aw yeah, work is done. No more room for improvement!” Focus on the journey and the outcomes.
  31. 31. 🌀
  32. 32. In the future, all applications will exclusively use $tool. I N N O V A T I O N S T O P S N O W !
  33. 33. Cloud Native is evolving rapidly.
  34. 34. Cloud Native is evolving rapidly. tools to support practices are
  35. 35. August 2014
  36. 36. August 2014
  37. 37. Kubernetes itself has changed quite a bit from 2014.
  38. 38. Developers and operators will continue to directly interact with only Kubernetes for all types of applications until the end of time Kubernetes is awesome Kubernetes adoption is on the rise ⭐ 🌀
  39. 39. (We said the same about Docker.)
  40. 40. C A V E A T Configuration-as-code is a best practice that will be around for a long time! Some people are only talking about declarative services when they say “everything will be a Kubernetes app!” I agree with them.
  41. 41. In the future, all applications will exclusively use $tool. I N N O V A T I O N S T O P S N O W !
  42. 42. A Framework for Evaluation Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity Visible (Lots of Management) Invisible (No Management)
  43. 43. Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity Wardley Maps (simplified) Time InvisibleVisible
  44. 44. Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity InvisibleVisible Electricity 18th Century Electricity 19th Century Electricity now
  45. 45. Electricity Compute Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity InvisibleVisible
  46. 46. Container Runtime 2000s Container Runtime 2014-2015 Container Runtime now Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity InvisibleVisible
  47. 47. Container Orchestrator Container Runtime Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity InvisibleVisible
  48. 48. EKS/GKE/AKS Container Runtime ? ? ? Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity InvisibleVisible Container Orchestrator
  49. 49. Orchestration is becoming commoditized. Orchestrators will not be able to differentiate easily.
  50. 50. C O M M O D I T I Z AT I O N If you have a hand-rolled solution for running apps with containers, it’s safe to migrate to an orchestration platform.
  51. 51. I N N OVAT I O N Solutions to old problems get commoditized, but it leaves room for genesis elsewhere
  52. 52. ? ? ? Service Mesh Functions as a Service Storage! Genesis Custom Built Product Commodity InvisibleVisible Container Orchestrator Container Runtime
  53. 53. If you’re packaging and running applications, use containers. Remember that orchestrators, container runtimes, and other tools don’t pay your bills. Customers do. Don’t lose sight of the outcomes you want to achieve. If you use containers, think about the best way to manage them. You will likely benefit from an orchestrator.
  54. 54. It’s only a matter of time…
  55. 55. newsmalta.com/2018/06/18/youve-been-eating-pizza-wrong-this-whole-time
  56. 56. Thank you! Slides bit.ly/container-shame-spiral
  57. 57. References: Survey and Report Links https://www.datadoghq.com/docker-adoption/ https://diamanti.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/WP_Diamanti_End-User_Survey_072818.pdf https://www.digitalocean.com/assets/media/currents-research/pdf/DigitalOcean-Currents-Q2-2018.pdf https://www.cncf.io/blog/2018/08/29/cncf-survey-use-of-cloud-native-technologies-in-production-has-grown-over-200-percent/ https://insights.stackoverflow.com/survey/2018#technology https://devops-research.com/

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