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History of nursing

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History of nursing

  1. 1. History of NursingFelicel Barredo, RN
  4. 4. PRIMITIVE TIMES- Women practice nursing because of lowstatus in society.- Took care of children and sick members ofthe family.- Personalistic cause of disease.- Superstitious and believes in magic.- Slave society “slave nurses”
  5. 5. PRIMITIVE TIMES- Sickness is due to active intervention of: a. human – caused by witchcraft. b. non human – caused by ghosts. c. superhuman beings – caused by deities.- Superstitious and believes in magic.
  6. 6. PRIMITIVE TIMES- Slave society “slave nurses”- Wet nursing, take care of babies/childrenof their masters- Women also practices midwifery.- Masters/healers are the people who areresponsible in decision making when itcomes to health.
  7. 7. 6th CENTURY- Founding of religious orders.3 Attributes of Nurses1. Self denial2. Devotion to hard work and duty.3. With spiritual calling.
  8. 8. 6th CENTURYMain Guiding Principles1. “Love thy neighbor as thy self”.2. Parable of the Good Samaritan. - Beneficence (doing good to others).2 Types of Beneficence1. Ordinary – doing good to others.2. Ideal – entails sacrifice.
  9. 9. APPRENTICE NURSING PERIOD• (6th Century – 18th Century)
  10. 10. 6th CENTURY- founding of religious orders.- women practiced nursing.- Daughters of Charity/Sisters of Charityfounded by St. Vincent de Paul andAugustinian Sisters.
  11. 11. 6th CENTURYCRUSADES- Men practiced nursing.- Knights of St. Lazarus a. established a standard among hospitals in Europe. b. took care of clients with skin problems like leprosy.
  12. 12. 6th CENTURY- Knights of St. John of Jerusalem a. also known as Knights Hospitalers. b. founded hospitals.
  13. 13. 18th CENTURY1836- Theodore Fleidner reestablished order ofDeaconesses.- Founded school of nursing inKaisserwerth, Germany where FlorenceNightingale was the most known student.
  14. 14. 18th CENTURY1854-1856 (CRIMEAN WAR)- Florence Nightingale was known as theLady with a Lamp.- Compiled the “Notes on Nursing: What itis and What is not” and became the firstnurse theorist.
  15. 15. EDUCATIONAL NURSING PERIOD• (18th Century – 20th Century)
  16. 16. 18th CENTURY- Florence Nightingale established a nursingschool in St. Thomas Hospital in Londonwhich adopted the Nightingale System.- Made Florence Nightingale the mother ofmodern nursing.
  17. 17. 18th CENTURYPhilosophy of Nightingale System1. Government funds should be allotted tonursing education. - earned her the title of being thefirst nurse political activist.2. Training schools of nursing should be inclose affiliation.
  18. 18. 18th CENTURY3. Professional nurses should train nurses4. Nursing students should be providedwith residence near their training hospitals. - written orders of doctors insisted. - nurses should go with doctorsduring rounds.
  19. 19. Late 20th CENTURY- Specialization in medicine.- Conceptualization of the role of clinicalnurse specialist.- Increase clinical content of education(1900’s).
  20. 20. CONTEMPORARY PERIOD• (21st Century)
  21. 21. Late 21st CENTURY- Globalization of nursing.- Period after world war II.- Borderless nursing or transculturalnursing.- Professionalization of nursing.